age of exploration-independence

Timeline created by whitneysturm
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    -800 BCE

    the maya

    The Maya was located the El Péten region of north Guatemala. In 800 CE they left most of their cities and moved to Mexico's Yucatan peninsula and some moved to southern Guatemala. They created a highly accurate calendar, buildings and pyramids, and they created delicate art work.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    the olmec

    The Olmec civilization lived in the forests of Veracruz and Tabasco. they created city centers and many intricate pieces of art. They influenced other Mesoamericans even after the civilization was dead. Scholars believe that the disappearance of this civilization had to do with overpopulation, environmental degradation, and constant warfare.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
    Pope Urban II launches the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land.
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy (feudalism)

    Europe is a farming economy (feudalism)
    feudalism let people get their food by farming.
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    the aztec

    he Aztec arrived before the Spanish arrived and they were located in what is now Mexico City. They built their city on an island. they made chinampas to grow their crops and they built many pyramids.
  • 1271

    marco polo travels to the east

    marco polo travels to the east
    in 1271 the polos head out on their long hot journey.
  • 1289

    crusades end

    crusades end
    the euroepans lost the crusades but they were impacted by trade and traveling and began to trade with faraway lands
  • 1293

    marco polo journeys home

    marco polo journeys home
    after marco polos long journey he finally comes home and returns with fascinating new goods
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book


    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    While in prison Marco polo decided to document his travels.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    the rennisance

    the renaissance was a rebirth of education, science, art, literature, music, and a better life for people in general.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    the inca

    The Inca lived along the west of south America. Their land reached Bolivia and Equador. they were sufficient farmers and they developed a complex government.
  • 1415

    Portugueses capture

    Portugueses capture
    in 1415 Portuguese captured the fortress of Ceuta in Africa. This created their dream of controlling the global gold market.
  • 1419

    discovery of the Madeira Islands

    discovery of the Madeira Islands
    Prince Henry wanted to help the Portuguese make advancements so he paid for all of their funds leading to the discovery of the Maderia Islands.
  • 1427

    discovery of the Azores islands

    discovery of the Azores islands
    Prince Henry funded all of the travel necessities allowing for the Portuguese to discover. the Azores and the Maderia Islands. The picture above shows the maps of the Azores.
  • 1434

    making it around Cape Bojador

    making it around Cape Bojador
    15 voyages had failed to go around the cape until Prince Henry's ship finally made a successful voyage in 1434. Above is a map of Cape Bojador.
  • 1440

    the printing press

    the printing press
    the printing press was invented by Johann Gutenburg and it was one of the best inventions ever made. It allowed information to be distributed to everyone
  • 1469

    Ferdinand and Isabella's marrige

    Ferdinand and Isabella's marrige
    Ferdinand and Isabella got married unifying catholic Spain and they began to build a nation that was able to compete for global power
  • 1488

    Bartolomue Dias rounded the tip of Africa

    Bartolomue Dias rounded the tip of Africa
    Bartolomeu finally made it around the tip of Africa reaching the eastern coast of southern Africa.
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    To conquer the Aztec Hernan cortes used lots of weapons and tools and he made allies with other tribes. He also cut off the Aztecs food source. Incidentally he brought disease like the smallpox that wiped out a lot of the Aztec civilization.
  • 1529

    Pizarro invades the inca

    Pizarro invades the inca
    To conquer the Inca, Pizarro used many advanced weapons and he forced the Incan translator to lead him to the gold. He came in and conquered the Inca during their civil war so they were weaker.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    The Inca were put under Pizarro's harsh and powerful rule. They were forced to do hard tasks and labor.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes wrote a book called The Leviathan where he talked about his thoughts on men and government. He thought that all men were equal and they had no control over themselves. He believed that without a government things would always result in war and all men would become enemies.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    John Locke wrote a book in contrast of Thomas Hobbes book. He thought that men were in the perfect freedom to choose their actions and get rid of their possessions and persons. He also believed that men were the significances of one sovereign master and that men living together without a common superior was the way of nature.
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    The colonists decided to declare their independence by writing the declaration of independence. On this day a small group of representatives from the colonies adopted the declaration of independence. This day is now celebrated as the fourth of July.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    The french revolution started where the French revolted and wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man. This Declaration gave collective and individual rights.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    Haiti fought for their black rights and they held many slave attacks. These attacks were led my Vincent Ogé, Dutty Boukman, and Toussaint L'overture. The slaves ended up killing the whites and destroying over 1,000 plantations.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    Simon Bolívar was a South American soldier who freed the Spanish colonies. He then served as president of Gran Colombia and dictator of Peru.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    Simon Bolívar led his forces and he started the Gran Colombian revolution. Finally he was able to defeat the Spanish forces.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    Jose de San Martin was a south American soldier who helped lead revolutions against Spain. He led his forces, and attacked the Spanish getting independence for Peru.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    Miguel Hidalgo led the Mexican revolution which ended dictatorship in Mexico.
  • Columbus's plan got approved

    Columbus's plan got approved
    Ferdinand and Isabella finally agreed to fund Columbus's plan for travel by giving him three ships the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.