Unit 4 Timeline

  • Period: Nov 13, 1299 to Nov 13, 1500

    The Ottoman Empire

    The Ottoman Empire was made up of turks which is why it is also known as the Turkish Empire. Their initial resistance was to Christians in Greece. They started to take over areas in Eastern Europe. Venetians kept the Ottomans from making any maritime advancements in any way. Wars eventually caused the empire to fall.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to Jan 1, 1500

    Portuguese Slave Trade

    The Portuguese slave trade was caused because of the need for work. Disease tormented the Europeans and caused a fall in the work place.The slave trade took place with Africans because they were very good workers and weren't plagued with disease like the Europeans. Africans were also natural at working in the agricultural fields as well as with animals/cattle.
  • May 13, 1415

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry the Navigator
    Due to Anti- Muslim warfare, Prince Henry (1394-1460) raided an economically weak Muslim city named Ceuta. After this attack, Prince Henry became known as "Henry the Navigator" because all he wanted to do for the rest of his life was travel and scrutinize the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Period: Mar 30, 1444 to Sep 3, 1446

    Reign of Mehmed the Conquerer

    The Reign of Mehmed the Conquerer (1432-1481) lasted for only two years. He later ruled again from 1451 to 1481. He was known for conquering Constantinople and even the Byzantine Empire. He also took over parts of Asia and is known as a hero to the Turks. In his first fight, he fought and beat a crusade. Mehmed's goal was to strengthen his Navy.
  • Period: Aug 14, 1464 to Feb 28, 1492

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Songhai got its first ruler named Ali. He was also the 15th ruler of the Sunni Dynasty. Sunni Ali went around counquering many lands with his army and he made them stronger. His rule ended with his death in 1492. There is no true factual story of how he died. Some believe he drowned trying to cross the Nile River. Some people believe that he was killed by his nephew. After his death, Sunni Ali's son took over.
  • Mar 12, 1488

    Dias' Voyage into the Indian Ocean

    Dias' Voyage into the Indian Ocean
    Bartolomeu Dias was a portuguese explorer and was the first person in history to go around africa through the south and sail into the Indian Ocean. Dias never reached India because his crew did not want to sail deeper into the ocean. Picture Reference
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus' First Voyage

    Columbus' First Voyage
    Christopher Columbus left spain in hopes to find a faster route to India and China instead of going all around Africa. Even though this was one of the most critical expeditions in history, it was really nothing but a dissapointment because he didn't actually reach India or China. Instead he hit the area of small and large islands known as the bahamas.
  • Nov 9, 1492

    The Columbian Exchange

    The Columbian Exchange
    The Columbian Exchange started right after Christopher Columbus found the "New World". This is the trade and transfer of disease, new foods, and new ideas between the Old and New worlds. The exchange led to significant changes in culture, agriculture, weapons, and even education. The Columbian Exchange played a huge role in diversifying both the Old World and the New World.
  • Nov 13, 1493

    Songhai Empire

    Songhai Empire
    The Songhai Empire was located in West Africa. Songhia grew the most from the trans-Saharan trade network. In 1591 they faced a Morrocan army of about 2,500 and lost due to the overwhelming technological advances by the Morrocan's. Before this a slave general took over Songhai in 1493.
  • Nov 13, 1494

    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent
    Suleiman was the tenth emperor of the Ottoman empire and was the longest lasting as well. He reign from 1520 until he died in 1566. He changed the Ottoman legal system for the better. He pushed political, military, and economical power to the top. Suleiman himself took his military to Conquer places with strong christian influences.
  • Period: Nov 13, 1500 to

    Russian Empire

    Since 1500 Russia grew to a size from Eastern Europe to Northern Asia and even into North America. By 1750, Russia was a huge and influential power in Asia. The Russian army was powerful enough to withstand other Asian and European armies without much of a problem.
  • Period: Nov 13, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    The Safavid Empire was similar in some ways to the Ottoman Empire. It used land grants to support calvary, there were multiple languages used in society, they put all their attention to the power they had over land rather than sea, What caused the Safavid Empire to fall was the fact of fighting off their neighbors to protect their lands. Their focus became defending themselves.
  • Jun 29, 1502


    Moctezuma (1466-1520) was the Emperor ruling when Hernan Cortes, believed by the Aztecs to be a God, arrived to deprive him of his land and people. Moctezuma greeted Cortes with great valuable gifts and Cortes started the liberation on the capital Moctezuma ruled called Tenochtitlan.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    Martin Luther (1483-1546) saw many things wrong and corrupt with the Roman Catholic church. That's why he put his 95 Thesis right on the Catholic Church's Door. This was the start of the Protestant Reformation
  • Period: Nov 8, 1519 to Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico

    Moctezuma was the Aztec Emperor in this case. Cortes came to the Aztec Empire to take over them even though it didn't seem that way at first. The Aztecs believed Cortes was a great ruler of Quetzalcoatl and gave him riches and honor. Soon Moctezuma was locked in his palace and became a prisoner of the Spanish. Aztecs soon started creating an army allied with the Spanish to fight their very own.
  • Period: Nov 13, 1526 to

    Mughal Dynasty

    The Mughal Dynasty had noticeable power from the Fifteenth through Seventeenth centuries. Portugal's Maritime trade was being shared by the Portuguese with many countries during this time. The Mughal Empire didn't accept what the Portuguese had to offer.The Mughal Dynasty lost Akbar and soon began to spiral out of control. The inablility to defend and a series of weak rulers caused the Mughal Empire to fall.
  • Mar 29, 1534

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    John Calvin (1509-1564) was a pastor during the time of the Protestant Reformation. He created a type of Christian Theology called Calvinism, named after himself. Calvinism was simply a different approach to the Christian life and belief.
  • Period: Nov 8, 1545 to Nov 8, 1563

    Council of Trent

    There were three meetings in these years between the Council who met up in a city called Trent hence Council of Trent. The people in these meetings talked about the Catholics and Protestants and how the protestants were wrong and false in the Catholic doctrine. This brought forth the Catholic Reformation.
  • Period: Feb 27, 1556 to

    Reign of Akbar

    Akbar was the third emperor of the Mughal Empire. Muhammad Babur founded the Mughal Empire and is the founder of the Mughal Empire. Babur was Akbar's grandson. Akbar bacame ruler when he was only thirteen years old after his father died. By the time Akbar died, the Mughal empire took most of Northern India and culture and art reached its height.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate

    The Tokugawa Shogunate was ruled by the Tokugawa family. It was also known as the Edo period because the capital was called Edo which is now Tokyo. Thanks to a trade route that connected Edo and Kyoto, Japan was able to keep a stable and strong economy and was then able to create new trading centers. Corruption, changes in the social classes, and the desire for a luxurious life led to the downfall of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
  • Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Galileo (1564-1642) was an italian scientist. In 1609 he built a telescope which can see further into, what they called, the heavens (Refering to outer space). He made new discoveries such as other planets and their moons and also discovered that the moon had "mountains and valleys". His ideas and discoveries were soon rejected by the church because the church thought Galileo was "mocking" them with his inventions.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    It is said that the Thirty Years' War, fought in most of Europe, was started because of tentions between the Catholics and the Protestants. Yet many more factors could have been the initiation of the war such as political dilemas, territorial structures, or trade. The war finally came to an end with the treaty of Westphalia in 1648.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    John was an English political philosopher who fought against monarchial claims and argued that rulers had authority from the people who are being ruled and must abide by the law as well.
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The Qing Empire started with a Manchu family. Most of the Qing were of Chinese descent and eventually the Qing Dynasty adopted the Chinese traditions, institutions and policies. During athe 17th and 18th centuries, the Qing Dynasty headed into great achievements in their economy, military, and culture. By the 18th century, the Qing Empire owned almost all of Eastern Asia. The Qing Empire was overthrown through a series of wars.
  • Period: to

    Manchus Empire

    The Manchu family was the family that took over the Qing Empire. The Manchus were in control of the Military. The Manchu Empire was a small minority group that didn't make up much of the population. Most of the population in the Qing dynasty were Chinese such as soldiers, merchants, and farmers.
  • England's Glorious Revolution

    England's Glorious Revolution
    The cause of this revolution was that King James allowed for religion. Many people were against this and the goal became to bring King James II down from his rule and replace him with William III. William III completed his mission by fighting along the Dutch army and English Parliamentarians to defeat King James.
  • Peter the Great

    Peter the Great
    Peter the Great helped Russia to open up to the rest of the world and had the intention to expand the Russian Empire. He tried to keep Russia separated from the cultural influences coming from Asia and wanted to gain more influence from the west. In time his plan worked and he was able to take the throne of Russia. By the time he ruled, huge European influences came into the Russian Empire.