Ogedei khaghan

Unit 2: 600CE - 1450CE Mueggenborg

By DCobb42
  • Period: 224 to Apr 14, 661

    Sassanid Empire

    Sassanid Empire was recognized as one of the two main powers in Western Asia and Europe. Sassanid rule and the system of social stratification were reinforced by Zoroastrianism, which became the state religion.
  • Period: 250 to Apr 8, 1547

    Maya Civilization

    Civilization extended from southern Mexico through the Yucatán Peninsula. Had the only fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, and also noted for its advanced art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Classical Period ended in 900 and the Post Classical period continued until 1547 when they were conquered by the Spanish.
  • Period: 330 to Apr 14, 1453


    Throuought most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city. Founded by the Roman emperor Constantine. Restored the unity of the Empire.
  • Period: 330 to Apr 14, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    Empire was centered on the capital of Constantinople. The empire was one of the most powerful economic, cultural, and military forces in Europe. In 1071 much of the Empire's heartland was lost to the Seljuk Turks.
  • Apr 14, 600

    Foundation of Islam

    Foundation of Islam
    Foundation begins with the prophet Muhammad and his declaration that Allah is the only god. A series of caliphs, commonly called the Four Orthodox Caliphs, were chosen after Muhammad's death.
  • Apr 14, 632

    Split between Sunni and Shi'ite

    Split between Sunni and Shi'ite
    Shi'ites believed that direct descendants of the prophet should take up the mantle of the caliph – the leader of the world's faithful. The Sunnis thought that any worthy man could lead the faithful, regardless of lineage, and favored Abu Bakr, an early convert to Islam who had married into Muhammad's family. The Shiites were the eventual losers in a violent struggle for mastery that lasted decades.
  • Period: Apr 14, 661 to Apr 14, 750

    Umayyad Caliphate

    Umayyad history tells a tale of weak caliphs. Umayyads saw a great expansion in Islamic empire, and they could be brilliant both militarily and politically.Umayyads brought many changes in Islamic government, such as the adoption of Byzantine administrative and financial systems.
  • Period: Apr 14, 711 to Apr 14, 1492

    Muslims conquer Spain

    Present under the rule of Arabs and al-Andalus. The area that is today Spain and Portugal was one of the great Muslim civilizations, reaching its summit with the Umayyad Caliphate in the 10th century. Islamic rulers imposed restrictions on building new churches and synagogues for exsisting Christians and Jews.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1060 to Apr 14, 1307

    Seljuk Turks

    A tribe of Tartars from Central Asia who established a powerful empire in persia in the 11th century. Seljuk Turks were the first people to invade Anatolia completely. Played a major role in defending the Islamic world against the Crusaders, and conquering large parts of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1095 to Apr 8, 1291


    A series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, waged primarily by the Holy Roman Empire and France, against Muslims who occupied the Holy Land and Jerusalem.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1138 to Apr 14, 1193


    A Kurdish Muslim who became the sultan of Egypt and Syria. Led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders. Eventually recaptured Palestine from the Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory at the Battle of Hattin.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1162 to Apr 14, 1227

    Genghis Khan

    Founder and ruler of the Mongol empire which became the largest empire in history after his death. Started the Mongol Invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia. Promoted religious tolerance in the Mongol Empire, and created a unified empire.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1200 to Apr 8, 1533

    Inca Civilization

    Began as tribe in the Cuzco area, near the Andes Mountians. The civiliazation grew greatly until it took up nearly all the Andes and the west coast of South America. Government consisted of four regions, each ruled by a governer, and all under the leadership of the 'Sapa Inca,' who ruled from the capital in Cuzco. Conquered by Spain in 1533.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1200 to

    Ghana -->Mali --> Songhai Kingdoms

    Ghana- Trade was essential is the rise and fall of this empire. The main imports were cloth, brocades, copper and salt. Export was gold. It was invaded by the Almoravides, and absorbed by the Mali Empire.
    Mali- The Almoravide/Sengalese Empire. Was famous for weaving mining and architecture. Civil war attacks from Songhai and the Portugeses arrival in Africa produced their power.
    Songhai- Famous for its progress in education and uniformed systems in measurements. Internal conflicts caused to fall
  • Period: Apr 11, 1206 to Apr 11, 1526

    Delhi Sultanate

    Five Islamic kingdoms (Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), Khilji dynasty (1290–1320), Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1413), Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), Lodi dynasty (1451–1526) that ruled northern medieval India from Delhi. Replaced by the Muhgal Dynasty.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1206 to Apr 14, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    Resulted in the vast Mongol Empire which covered much of Asia and Eastern Europe. Invaded China while led by Genghis Khan. Resulted in Mongol victory, and eventually, the fall of the Mongol empire.
  • Apr 8, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    English charter that required Kinfg John of England toallow certain liberties to his subjects. It was the first document ever forced upon a king by his subjects.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1250 to Apr 14, 1517

    Mamluk Sultanate

    A regime composed of mamluks who ruled Egypt. Famously beat the Mongols and fought the Crusaders. Defeated and overthrown by the Ottomans in 1517.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1300 to Apr 8, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    Ethic group that inhabited central Mexico and spoke the Nahuatl language. Aztec culture had complex religious traditions, and achieved many artistic and architectual accomplishments. COnquered by Spain in 1521.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1300 to


    A cultural revolution, or a time of rebirth, that began in Italy and spread across Europe. There was a revival of art and literature, and educationall reforms throughout Europe.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1312 to Apr 14, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    Tenth emperor of the Malian Empire. Embarked on a large building program to promote the construction of mosques and madrasas. A devout muslim who made his pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1336 to Apr 14, 1405


    A fournteenth century conqueror of Western, South, and Central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire. Led many conquests the the west and northwest. Invaded India in 1398 and attacked the Delhi Sultanate.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1337 to Apr 8, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    Series of wars fought between the House of Valois ( France) and the House of Plantagenet (England). Though the English had early victories, they were eventually expelled from nearly all of France.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1368 to

    Ming Empire

    The last dynasty in china ruled by the ethnic Hans. Saw the construction of a vast navy and a standing army. Introduction of an open market
  • Period: Apr 14, 1371 to Apr 14, 1435

    Zheng He

    A Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral. Conducted voyages known as the "Voyages of Zeng He".
  • Apr 8, 1436

    Gutenberg Press

    Gutenberg Press
    Johannes Gutenberg made the first printing press that used durable type, made from an alloy of lead, tin, and antimony, which produced a much higher quality print.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1440 to Apr 11, 1505

    Ivan III

    A Grand Prince of Moscow. Ruled Kievan Russia and tripled the territory of his state. Ended the dominance of the Golden Horde over the Rus.
  • Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    Establishment of Holy Roman Empire
    Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Romans in 800 and was thus the forerunner of the Holy Roman Empire, though not officially constituted until 962. The empire was meant to serve as a protector of the Catholic church.
  • Period: to Apr 11, 1349

    Kievan Russian

    The Medieval state of Russia. Originally founded by Slavic Tribes and Scandinavian warriors. ts was centered in Novgorod and Streched south to the Black Sea.
  • Period: to

    Sui Empire

    An imperial Chinese dynasty which unified China in the 6th century and ended nearly four centuries of division between rival regimes. Led by Emperor Yang who restored Confucian education and instituted many educational reforms.
  • Period: to

    Tang Empire

    Regarded as a high-point in Chinese civilization, so called "golden age" of cosmopolitan culture. Largely a period of progress and stability, as with the arise of Buddhism
  • Period: to Apr 14, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    Replaced the Umayyad Caliphs. Founded on the Islamic Muslims and Shi'ites. Abassid seizure of the caliphate was unique because of the heavy reliance on client Muslims. Concentrated more on the plains than the coast, and moved their capital from Damascus to Syria.
  • Period: to Apr 14, 1279

    Song Empire

    First government in world history to issue banknotes, and first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. The Song Empire also saw the first use of gunpowder, as well as the compass.
  • Period: to


    King of the Franks in 768 and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire starting in 800 until his death in 814. Expanded Frankish kingdoom into an Empire and had many foreign conquests and internal reforms.