Period 4

  • Jan 1, 1394

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry the navigator was from Portugual. He mapped the East coast of africa. He never actually sailed these voyages but he was in charge of the people that did. He established a school for navigation in 1418.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade

    In the 1440s the Portugese started trading with Africa for slaves. These slaves were used in Brazil for sugar plantations and other laborous production.
  • Feb 1, 1451

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Mehmed the Conqueror ruled the Ottoman empire twice. The first time was for a short time from 1444 to 1446. The second time was longer from 1451 to 1481. He was the sultan in charge during the fall of Constantinople.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottoman Dynasty

    The dynasty started with the conquering of Constantinople. This brought islamic rule to other parts of the population. Like Christians in Southeast Europe.
  • Jan 1, 1464

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Sunni Ali ruled from 1464 to 1492. He was the 1st ruler of the Songhay Empire but the 15th ruler in the Sonni dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1464

    Songhay the Empire

    The Songhay empire was based on the Niger River valley. It had the largest Islamic influence in West Africa.
  • Jan 1, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther was a German priest who had a problem with the injustices taking place in the Catholic Church. He issued the Ninety-five thesis which started the Protestant Reformation.
  • Mar 12, 1488

    Dias' Voyage Into Indian Ocean

    Dias was the first explorer to travel the whole length of the African coast. He traveled to and discovered to the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus's First Voyage

    Columbus was a spanish explorer looking for a shortcut into the Indian trade network. He landed in the Amercas and Spain became the first to colonize the Western Hemisphere.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    The Treaty of Tordesillas divides the newly founded lands outside of Europe between Portugual and Spain. The lands of the east would be Portugual's and the lands to the west would be Spain's.
  • Jan 1, 1501

    Safavid Dynasty

    The Safavid dynasty was one of the most important ruling dynasties in Persia. It was governed by Shi'a Islam. It was neighbored by the Ottoman and Mughal dynasties.
  • Jan 1, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin created his own branch of Christianity called Calvanism. Calvanism branched off of the Protestant Reformation. Calvanism tought that you reach slavation through reading scripture.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico

    Cortes led the conquest of Mexico by destroying the Aztec Empire. Cortes turned the tribes against each other and brought gunpowder technology and disease to destroy the Aztecs.
  • Sep 30, 1520

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificient

    Suleyman the Magnificient was the longest ruling sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He fixed the empire by issuing major legislative changes. His rule ended with his death in 1566.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Mughal Dynasty

    The Mughal Dynasty was the largest empire that took shape in India. It was created by the Turkic-mongol invaders. It had a majority of Hindu population but was ruled by Muslims.
  • Aug 15, 1534

    Foundation of Society of Jesus

    The society of jesus, or jesuits, was a product of the Catholic Reformation which was a response to the Protestant Reformation. The jesuits were a brotherhood of priests that were comitted to the renewal of the Catholic church.
  • Jan 1, 1545

    Council of Trent

    With this council, Catholics reaffirmed their faith and practices. It was meant to purify the church and it's doctrines. This included the authoruty of the pope, priestly celibacy, the veneration of saints, and the importnace of church tradition.
  • Jan 1, 1556

    Reign of Akbar

    Akbar was the Mughal empire's third ruler. Under his rule the empire tripled in size and wealth. He was the empire's most important ruler.
  • Jan 1, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo was an Italian scientist. He developed an improved telescope, discoverd sunspots, mountains on the moon, and Jupiter's moons.
  • Jul 19, 1572

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Emperor Wanli was the 13th ruler of the Ming Dynasty in China. His 48 year reign was the longest of the dynasty. During his reign the dynasty steadily declined.
  • Spanish Armada

    The Spanish Armada sailed from Spain to England in July of 1588. Philip II wanted to attack England but he failed and the ships were mostly destroyed.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    The Tokugawa Shogunate was a military figure that unified Japan politically. The Tokugawa shogun was the military commander from the Tokugawa clan. Under his rule the shogun closed Japan off from trade except for the Dutch anc Chinese.
  • Thirty Years' War

    The Thirty Years' War lasted from 1618 to 1648. This war was between the Catholics and Protestants. It began in the Holy Roman Empire but soon engulfed all of Europe. It was brought to an end with the Peace of Westphalia.
  • John Locke

    John Locke was an English Philosopher. He offered a constitutional government and a contract between rulers and their people. He was superstitious of established religion.
  • Qing Dynasty

    The Qing Dynasty took over after the Ming. Forbid Chinese to marry Manchu or learn the Manchu language. Manchu became the elite even thought they were a minority. They were isolated except Canton, which was a port open to European trade.
  • Peace of Westphalia

    The Peace of Westphalia ended the thirty years war. It reshuffled the bourdaries of several states and authorized each state to control it's own religious affairs.
  • Seven Years' War

    The Seven Years' War took place between 1756 - 1763. The war was between the great powers of Europe. It effected every part of the world that was inhabited by a European power including the colonial Americas, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.
  • Establishment of 1st Colony in Australia

    The 1st Australian colony belonged to the British. The captain was Captain Author Philip. His crew was unprepared for the task, which resulted in trade with the Aboriginals for substanance like food.
  • Haitian Revolution

    The Hatian Revolution was from 1791 to 1803. It was caused by inequalities and exploitations placed on slaves. Warring factions of slaves, whites, and free people of color battled against each other. It was the biggest Revolution the history has seen since the Spartacus Revolution in 73 BCE.
  • End of the British Slave Trade

    British slave trade ended in 1807 with an Act of Parliment in the United Kingdom. This was partially because of all the slave revolts in Haiti and the British Isles. 26 years later slavery itself was actually abolished.