Sasanid Empire was an Iranian state. They had an established faith of Zoroastrian and Christianity. Islam was formed as a religiopolitical movement in the Sasanid Empire.
Period: 250 to
The Maya were a mesoamerican civilization that made major contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
Period: 300 to Apr 18, 1453
Eastern part of the Roman Empire. Established Christianity as their official religion. The Empire fell to the Ottomans in 1453.
Period: 306 to Apr 18, 1453
Capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine.
Apr 18, 622
The Foundation of Islam
Islam began in Arabia with the prophet Muhammad.
Apr 26, 632
Split between Sunni and Shi'te
Schism lies in the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Period: Apr 18, 661 to Apr 18, 750
First hereditary dynasty of Muslim caliphs. From their capital at Damscus, the Umayyads ruled an empire that extended from Spain to India. They were overthrown by the Abbasid Caliphate.
Period: Apr 18, 711 to Apr 18, 1492
Muslim conquer Spain
In 711 Muslim forces ivaded Spain and it took them seven years the conquered the Iberian penninsula.
Period: Apr 18, 742 to
The King of the Franks who established the Carolingian Empire though military conquest which included all of Gaul and part of Italy and Germany. He sposored a brief intellectual revival.
Period: Apr 18, 750 to Apr 18, 1258
They were descendants of the phrophet Muhammad's uncle, al-Abbas, the Abbasids, overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate and ruled an Islamic empire from their capital in Baghdad.
Period: Apr 18, 1000 to Apr 18, 1300
The Seljuk Turks were a strong army of nomadic people from Central Asia that were created byt the Fatimid Dynasty. The Turks converted to Islam and prospered as soldiers for the Abbasid Caliphate. Turks took political and military control of the Abbasid Caliphate. Later the Turks were foolishly challenged by the Byzantine and won. They controlled the Anotalian penninsula by the 13th century
Period: Apr 18, 1095 to Apr 18, 1204
The Crusades were armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim rule. The crusades bought an end to western Europe's centuries of intellctual and cultural isolation.
Period: Apr 18, 1137 to Apr 18, 1453
Hundred Years War
Series of campaigns over control of the throne of France, involving English and French royal families and French noble families.
Period: Apr 18, 1138 to Apr 18, 1405
Saladin was the nephew of the Kurdish commander. Saladin took advantage of Nur al-Din's death to seize power and unify Syria and Egypt. Saladin recaptured Jerusalmen in 1250. His dynasty fell when Turkish Mamluks seized control of the government
Period: Apr 18, 1167 to Apr 18, 1227
The title of Temüjin when he ruled the Mongols. Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongol Empire.
Period: Apr 18, 1206 to Apr 18, 1526
Centralized Indian empire of varying extent created by Muslim Invaders. The Delhi Sultanate is responsible for introducing water control systems in northern India.
Period: Apr 26, 1206 to Apr 26, 1324
The attacks on the midieval powees of Poland, Kieve, Hungary, and miscellaneous of proto-Russian tribes.
Apr 18, 1215
The Magna Carta was a feudal document that gave written recognition to the fact that the relationship between King and vassals was based on mutual rights and obligations.
Period: Apr 26, 1230 to
The kingdom controlled trade routes that stretched form the edge of the Sahara in the north to forests in the south and that carried gold and other luxuries.
Period: Apr 18, 1250 to Apr 18, 1517
The Mamluks were under military slavery under the Islamic system. The Mamluks were an important part of armed forces of the Abbasid Caliphate. Mamluks founded their own state ruling Egypt and Syria
Period: Apr 18, 1280 to Apr 18, 1337
The last powerful King of Mali. Musa doubled the size of the kingdom of Mali. He created a strong central government and divided the kingdom of Mali into provinces ruled by appointed governers.
Period: Apr 18, 1325 to Apr 18, 1521
Aztec CIvilization created a powerful empire in Central Mexico and forced defeated people to provide goods and labor as tax (the tribute system).
Period: Apr 18, 1336 to Apr 18, 1405
Timur gained control of Iran and much of Central Asia through conquest. He consolidated the status of Sunni Islam as orthodox and his descendants, maintained the empire for heavily a century and founded the Mughal Empire in India
Period: Apr 26, 1340 to
One of the largest Islamic empires in history.
Period: Apr 18, 1350 to Apr 18, 1550
A period of intense artistic intellectual activity, said to be a "rebirth" of Greco-Roman culture.
Period: Apr 17, 1368 to
The Ming Empire followed the Song. Included the construction of a huge army and navy. During this time, China's economy was based on global trade.
Period: Apr 17, 1405 to Apr 17, 1433
Zhenge He was a Chinese admiral who undertook state-sponsored long-distance voyages.
Period: Jan 22, 1440 to Oct 27, 1505
Ivan III was the prince of Moscow who established himself as an autocratic ruler in the late 1400's
Apr 18, 1440
invented by Johannes Gutenberg, a german goldsmith. The mechanical systems involved with the press were assembled in the Holy Roman Empire.
Period: Apr 18, 1463 to Apr 18, 1532
The Inca were the largest and most powerful Andean empire. THey controlled the Pacific coast of south America from Ecuador to Chile, from its capital of Cuzco.
Establishement of the Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire began in the mid-900s with the ascent of German king Otto.
Preceded by the Sui Dynasty, the Tang was cosmopolitan. During the Tang Empire culture matured and flourished.
Period: to Apr 18, 1250
Kieven Russia was a state established at Kiev in Ukraine by Scandinavian adventurers asserting authority over a mostly Slavic farming population
Period: to Apr 26, 1235
The introduction of the camel. Traded with gold and salt in the trans-saharan trade.
Sui Empire unified China in the 6th century.
Period: to Apr 17, 1279
The Song Empire was divided into the Northern and Southern Song. It was the first government in history to issue paper money and banknotes and the first to set up a permanent standing navy.