Justus sustermans   portrait of galileo galilei  1636

Unit V

  • Period: Jul 27, 1299 to

    Ottoman Dynasty (Ottoman Empire)

    The Ottoman Empire was founded by turks in Anatolia. It was an islamic empire, and lasted for 723 years.
  • Period: Mar 4, 1394 to Nov 13, 1460

    Prince Henrey the Navigator

    Created a Portuguese navigation school. Henry was integral with portuguese exploration.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Portuguese Slave Trade

    Portuguese Slave Trade
    The Portuguese bagan the first slave trade in Africa when they first made contact. They later traded other things, such as silk and guns for African golds.
  • Period: Mar 31, 1444 to Mar 31, 1481

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Mehmed was Sultan of the ottoman empire twice, from 1444 to 1446, and from 1451 until 1481. He conquerored Constantinople, and the Byzantine Empire. He transformed the Ottoman state into an Empire. He is considered a national hero, even in Modern Day Turkey.
  • Period: Mar 31, 1464 to Mar 31, 1492

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Sunni was the first king of the Songhay Empire, a west african kingdom. He captured many cities, including TImbuktu.
  • Period: Mar 31, 1464 to

    Songhai Empire

    Western African Islamic Empire, it was based on the Niger river.
  • Period: Nov 10, 1483 to Feb 18, 1546

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther gave up his life and his marriage for priesthood, and for studying the bible. He found a passage that stated that salvation is attained through faith alone, contradictory to the church. He believed that the church is seriously mismanaging its resources, and abusing its powers when it sold forgiveness to fund St. Peters' Basilica. He founded the Lutheranism movement, nailing his 95 theses' to a church door. Through the printing press, he spread his word and gained hold in Germany.
  • Mar 12, 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias' Voyage into Indian Ocean

    Bartolomeu Dias' Voyage into Indian Ocean
    Bartolomeu Dias was the first european to sail across the atlantic, along the coast of Africa, and to cross the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean. He navigated the coast and helped find a sea route from Portugal to India.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    First Voyage of Christopher Columbus

    First Voyage of Christopher Columbus
    Columbus' Voyages were an effort to find a faster route to India, but led to the discovery of the New World. It had already been settled by asians 10,000 years ago, and found by the vikings a few centuries before Columbus, but it was only when Columbus found it that knowledge of its existence became widespread.
  • Jun 4, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    The Treaty of Tordesillas split the world in two for Portugal and Spain. It gave Spain the majority of the new world, and Portugal all of the old world. The line was later moved farther west, where Portugal received a larger chunk of Brazil.
  • Period: Mar 31, 1501 to

    Safavid Dynasty

    The Dynasty marked the beginning of Modern Persian History. It was the greatest muslim empire after the conquering of Persia.
  • Period: Jul 10, 1509 to May 27, 1564

    John Calvin

    John Calvin was a part of the Protestant Reformation, forming his own sect of christianity, Calvinism. One of the core tenants was that salvation was predestined. It did not matter what you did, God had decided if you were to be saved before you were born.
  • Dec 13, 1514

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    The Council of Trent was the church's way of condemning the Protestants, and the Protestant Reformation. It also acknowledged the issues of corruption within the church, one of the main catalsyts for the reformation.
  • Period: Sep 30, 1520 to Sep 7, 1566

    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

    Suleiman was the longest reigning ruler of the ottoman empire. He conquerored Northern Africa, Egypt, parts of the Middle East, and part of Europe.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico
    Hernan Cortez, with the help of the enemies of the Aztec, conquered the Aztec empire, and killed Moctezuma II.
  • Period: Apr 21, 1527 to

    Mughal Dynasty

    Required that taxes be paid in silver. Caused great economic expansion in India, artwork, and allowed peasants and artisans to enter larger markets.
  • Sep 27, 1540

    Society of Jesus(Jesuits) Founded

    Society of Jesus(Jesuits) Founded
    During the Protestant Reformation, Ignatius of Loyola founded the Society of Jesus. It was discussed when we was wounded in battle.
  • Period: Feb 11, 1556 to

    Reign of Akbar

    Expanded and consolidated regions of the Mughal Empire. Developed a strong and stable economy. Akbar created commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo confirmed the Heliocentric theory, in opposition to the church and bilbical views of geocentric theory. He also discovered the moons of Jupiter, and sunspots, and the rings of saturn.
  • Period: Jul 19, 1572 to

    Reign of Emporer Wanli

    Longest reign within the Ming Dynasty. The steady decline began, which would spark the change from Ming to Qing.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    In an attempt to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and Protestantism, the Spanish launched the armada and attempted to invade England. They were attacked, and lost the battle against England and the Dutch.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate

    The Tokugawa Shogunate was the last feudal miltary Japanese Government. The Shogunate brought the longest lasting peace and stability in Japanese history, lasting well over 200 years.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Initially a Catholic-Protestant conflict, it became a large and devastating conflict that caused massive famine and population loss within central europe and the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Period: to

    John Locke

    John Locke was an enlightenment thinker, and a part of the enlightenment. It was called such because few people participated, and they were all persecuted. It wasn't a coherent movement. John Locke said that a government needs the consent of it's people, and that if a monarch is a tyrant, the people not only should rebel, but have a duty to.
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The last imperial dynasty of China.
  • Peace of Westphalia

    Peace of Westphalia
    Signed by Spain and the Netherlands in the Holy Roman Empire, recognizing the independence of the Dutch.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years' War

    Also known as the French-Indian war, it resulted in great territorial loss for France in the americas, and great gain for Britain.
  • British Colony on Australia Settled

    British Colony on Australia Settled
    After the loss of the American colonies, the British decide to find a replacement colony, and settle Australia. They see it as a place where they can grow cash crops like flax and hemp and tobacco, and send timber back.
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt that resulted in the founding of Haiti, and it's independence from France. They were supported by Spain, England, and French Royalists.
  • Abolition of Slave Trade

    Abolition of Slave Trade
    Passed by English Parliament, the act bans all slave trade within the British Empire. Slavery itself was not banned, only the sale and trade of slaves.