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Units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 of "The Medieval World and Beyond" by Robert Yang, Period 2, Miss Johnson's Class, Miller Middle School, San Jose, CA, 95129, USA

  • 300

    Camels Were First Brought To The Sahara

  • 300

    Classic Mayan Civilization Began

  • 476

    The fall of Rome

    The last emperor in the western part of Rome(capital in Rome) was driven from his throne in 476 C. E. The surviving eastern part(capital in Constantinople) survived for approximately 1, 000 years. The decision by Constantine to move the capital to Constantinople was a main part of why Rome fell. Rome also fell because Rome was harder to defend than Constantinople.
  • 500

    The Byzantine Empire Begins

    Constantine, the Christian emperor who split the Roman empire in two, took one half for himself and one half for his close relative. He became the ruler of the Eastern part only. After his rule, there was two emperors, one in Rome, and one in Constantinople. That was probably why the western part of the Roman Empire fell. After it fell, the Eastern part stood, and it was renamed the Byzantine Empire after its original city.
  • 500

    The Ghana Empire Begins

  • 552

    Buddhism Was Introduced To Japan

  • Jan 1, 604

    The Seventeen Article Constitution Began

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad Became A Prophet Of Islam

  • Jan 1, 651

    The First Official Edition Of The Qur'An Was Written

  • Jan 1, 700

    Traders Brought Islam To West Africa

  • Jan 1, 710

    Nara Became The Capital Of Japan

  • Jan 1, 750

    Bookmaking Began To Spread The Qur'An

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Feudalism Begins

    Feudalism began when the king finally decided that he couldn't control all that land and began giving fiefs to his closest people, which became barons, owners of really large plots of land. The barons decided that they couldn't control all that land and began giving fiefs to his closest people, which became lords, owners of large plots of land. The lords decided they couldn't control all that land and began giving land to his closest people, the knights, who agree to fight for them.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    The Tale Of Genji, The First Novel, Was Written

  • Jan 1, 1050

    Movable Type Is Invented In China

  • Jan 1, 1054

    The Schism Between The Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church

    The two halves of the Roman empire both are Christians, but they had different ideas about what was right. In 730 C. E., the emperor Leo III banned the use of religious icons.A lot of people protested.In 800 C. E., Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman emperor. The Byzantines were angry when that happened. In 1054 C.E, the patriarch, Cerularius, wanted to control all of the church. Pope III sent Cardinal Humbert to excommunicate Cerularius. In return, Cerularius excommunicated Humbert.
  • Jan 1, 1065

    Song Dynasty Began Civil Service Exams

  • Jan 1, 1085

    The Reconquista Began with Toledo

  • Jan 1, 1096

    The First Crusade

    Start: Year 1096
    End: July 1099
  • Jan 1, 1146

    The Second Crusade

    Start: 1146
    End: 1148
  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade

    Start: 1189
    End: 1192
  • Jan 1, 1192

    The First Shogun Came To Power

  • Period: Jan 1, 1192 to

    The Era of the Samurai

  • Jan 1, 1200

    The Incas First Settled In Cuzco

  • Jan 1, 1203

    The Ghana Empire Ended

  • Jun 1, 1215

    The Signing of the Magna Carta.

    King John was spending too much money on wars, so the barons are upset. They got together to force King John, at Runnymede, to put his seal to the Magna Carta. There were many rules that made the barons more powerful and the king less. However, the lower-class people got slightly more power as time went on because it offset the balance of feudalism. The Magna Carta also illustrated an important part of English law: habeas corpus.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    The Mali Empire Began

  • Jan 1, 1250

    Aztecs Arrived In The Valley Of Mexico

  • Jan 1, 1258

    The Mongols Destroyed Baghdad

  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Song Dynasty Ended

  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Mongols dynasty began

  • Jan 1, 1300

    Humanism Began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The Renaissance began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The Mongol Empire Was Weakened

  • Jan 1, 1312

    Mansa Musa Was The First Islamic Leader

  • Jan 1, 1325

    Aztecs Started Building Tenochtitlan

  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Hundred Years War Begins

    England and France fought over the lands in France. England was winning the early battles, but later the French were starting to get better, mainly because of Joan of Arc, and also mainly because of new strategies. In 1453, the French finally drove the English out of France.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Bubonic Plague Spreads To Europe

    In the 1320s, the bubonic plague was started in Asia. Almost half of China and India's population died. Then it spreaded to Europe. It decimated the population and caused a devastating smell of rotting bodies that didn't have enough time to be buried. Those alive started to dance to celebrate that they were still alive. The infected people danced, too, and sang Ring Around The Rosie.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Timbuktu Became A Center Of Arabic Learning

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The Mongols dynasty ended

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The Ming Dynasty Began

  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Inquisition Took Place

  • Jan 1, 1405

    Zheng He Made His First Voyage

  • Jan 1, 1438

    The Incas Began To Create Roads

  • Jan 1, 1450

    Gutenberg invents the printing press

    The Chinese got there first. >:(
  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Hundred Years' War Ends

    England and France fought over the lands in France. England was winning the early battles, but later the French were starting to get better, mainly because of Joan of Arc, and also mainly because of new strategies. In 1453, the French finally drove the English out of France.
  • Jan 1, 1460

    The Songhai Empire Began

  • Jan 1, 1469

    The Medici family began to rule Florence

  • Jan 1, 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias began to sail around the tip of Africa

  • Jan 1, 1492

    The Spanish Conquer Granada

  • Jan 1, 1492

    Isabella sent Christopher Columbus to find a sea route to Asia

  • Jan 1, 1497

    John Cabot landed in Canada

  • Jan 1, 1497

    Vasco da Gama began to sail to India

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Pedro Cabral began to sail to Brazil

  • Jan 1, 1500

    The Post-Classic Mayan Civilization Ended

  • Jan 1, 1504

    Michelangelo completed his statue of David

  • Jan 1, 1514

    Copernicus stated that the Earth revolves around the sun

  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses

  • Jan 1, 1519

    The Aztec Empire Ended

  • Jan 1, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan began to sail around the world

  • Jan 1, 1519

    Hernan Cortes destroyed the Aztecs

  • Jan 1, 1524

    Giovanni da Verrazano landed in North America

  • Jan 1, 1525

    William Tyndale Translated the bible into English

  • Jan 1, 1532

    The Inca Empire Ended

  • Jan 1, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro destroyed the Incas

  • Jan 1, 1532

    Copernicus stated his theory of the heliocentric universe

  • Jan 1, 1534

    King Henry VIII created Anglicanism

  • Jan 1, 1541


  • Jan 1, 1545

    the council of trent was formed

  • The microscope was invented

  • The Songhai Empire Ended

  • Galileo decided to build a telescope

  • The Decline of Mali

  • Henry Hudson began to try to find the Northwest Passage

  • The Thirty Years' War Began

  • The Ming Dynasty Ended

  • Peace of Westphalia was signed

  • The Thirty Years' War Ended

  • Newton published a book about gravity

  • Charlemagne's Christian Empire

    Charlemagne was originally king of the Franks. Charlemagne helped Leo III by supporting him with his army. In return, Leo III rewarded him by crowning him Holy Roman Emperor in 800 C. E. on Christmas Day. He was a good ruler because he used a early version of feudalism to resist many waves of barbarian attacks.
  • The Tang Dynasty Ended

  • The Song Dynasty Began

  • The Tang Dynasty Recorded A Formula For Gunpowder

  • The Japanese Invented Kana

  • Prince Shotoku Came To Power

  • Heian-Kyo Became The Capital Of Japan

  • Buddhism Religion Expanded In The Tang Dynasty

  • The Tang Dynasty Began

  • Period: to Jan 1, 1185

    The Heian Period