Period 4 Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1394

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry the Navigator
    Prince Henry the Navigator lived from 1394 until 1460. He sent many sailing explorations down Africa's west coast although he never went on one himself. These expeditiond helped create much needed maps, establish trade routes, defeat the muslims, and spread Christianity. He helped begin the Great Age of Discovery.
  • Jan 1, 1432

    Reign of Mehmed the Conquerer

    Mehmed the Conquerer lived from 1432 until 1481. He is noted as a great military leader especially for his takeover of Constantinople and regions of Anatolia and the Balkans which made up the Ottoman Empire.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1450 to

    APWH Period 4 Timeline 1450-1750

    This APWH timeline spans from 1450 to 1750.
  • Jan 1, 1452

    Beginning of Portuguese slave trade

    Beginning of Portuguese slave trade
    The Atlantic Slave Trade in general was a very important event in history, in which the Portuguese played a significant role. Due to their location on the far left side of Spain, they were a key place in the triangular slave trade. I would say one of the most horrendous parts of the slave trade was that Spain and Portugal had permission from the pope to invade, capture, search out, and subjugate any unbelievers.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottoman Dynasty

    The Ottoman Empire was at one point one of the most powerful states in the world. After the conquest of Constantinople the empire was truly transformed into a trasncontinental empire.
  • Jan 1, 1464

    Songhay Empire

    The Songhai Empire ruled from 1464 until 1591. Sonni Ali truly brought the region in western Africa back together. They expanded and conquered multiple groupd under his leadership.
  • Jan 1, 1488

    Dias' voyage into the Indian Ocean

    Dias' voyage into the Indian Ocean
    Bartolomeu Dias became the first European mariner to round the southern tip of Africa. He was from Portugal. His wonderfully successful exploration gave way to increased trade with India and Asia. Also his exploration helped inspire Christopher Columbus.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Sunni Ali died in 1492, but is credited in history for initiating the imperial expansion expansion od Songhai around 1473. This conquest of his established the basis for Songhai's prosperity and future.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus' first voyage

    Columbus' first voyage
    On August 3, 1492 Christopher Columbus departed from Spain on his first voyage. He was funded by the king and queen. As I am sure everyone knows Columbus reaches the Americas which is of course very monumental. This landing in the New World also sparks many different thigs as well such as more exploration and ultimately the wiping out of the natives and importation of Africans.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    The Treaty of Tordesillas was between Spain and Portugal which was used to try and settle an agreement over the newly discovered lands explored by Christopher Columbus. They had the spanish born pope Alexander VI set up a line of demarcation. Portugal was given a very limites amount of land compared to the large quantity Spain aquired.
  • Jan 1, 1501

    Safavid dynasty

    The Safavid Dynasty ranged from 1502 to 1722. It was based in modern day Iraq and the religion was islam. This empire became strong enough to challenge the Ottomans in the West and the Mughals in the East.
  • Jul 10, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    John Calvin, the prinicpal figure of Calvinism, was born on July 10, 1509. He split from the Roman Catholic Church in 1530. He is known mainly for being a French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He also published a book entitled Institutes of Christian Religion after he fled to Switzerland when a violent uprising occurred in France againt Protestants.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    Martin Luther was a German priest who is known for nailing his 95 Theses to the church door in Wittenberg, Gerany in 1517. He was very upset over the practices of the Catholic Church including the purchasing of indulgences and relics. He wanted to reform the church so he began the Protestant Reformation.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Spanish conquest of Mexico

    The Spanish began the conquest of the Aztec Empire/Mexico in 1519 and ended in 1521. Many people of the Aztec Empire resented Mexica domination so therefore willingly joined Hernan Cortes in the Spanish assault. The turning of tribes against one another made the takeover easier.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Mughal Dynasty

    The Mughal Dynasty lasted from 1526 to 1857. Ruling in the majority of India and Pakistan brought many changes to the region including centralised and delegated government along with a lot of cultural changes.
  • Sep 27, 1540

    Foundation of Society of Jesus

    The Foundation of Society of Jesus was an organization approved by Pope Paul III on September 27, 1540. It is mainly known as the principal agent of the Counter-Reformation. Also it is credited for educational, missionary, and charitable works.
  • Dec 13, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    The Council of Trent existed from 1545 until 1563 and played a huge role in the Counter-Reformation of the Catholic Church. They clarified and reaffirmed their unique doctrines and practices, all that Protestants rejected, including the authority of the pope, priestly celibacy, veneration of saints and relics, and the importance of good works and traditions of the church.
  • Jan 1, 1556

    Reign of Akbar

    Akbar was one of the Mughal Dynasty's greatest emperors in India. He ruled the dynasty from 1556 until his death in 1605. Under his leadership the Mughal Dynasty aquired a strong and stable economy and expansion of area and culture.
  • Feb 15, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Galileo lived from February 15, 1564 until January 8, 1642. He was physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher. He in particular played a significant role in the Scientific Revolution.
  • Jan 1, 1566

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent
    Suleyman the Magnificent was the longest reigning sultan in the Ottoman Empire. He lead the Ottoman fleet and military to many victories and controlled many areas. He also made important political decisions.
  • Jan 1, 1572

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Emperor Wanli ruled over the Ming Dynasty from 1572 to 1620. Wanli was eventually overuled by the Qing dynasty and before that also didn't witness all good times without struggle.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    The Spanish Armada was a fleet of 130 ships including 22 fighting galleons. The plan was to overthrow Queen Elizabeth. Sir Francis Drake lead the defensive attack for England and came out victorious becoming quite a hero.
  • Thirty Years' War

    The Thirty Years' War lasted from 1618 until 1648 in which the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire fought the Protestants, who were trying to seek independence from the Pope. Ultimately it ended with the Peace of Westphalia.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    John Locke was an English philosopher living from 1632 until 1704. Locke presented principles for constructioning a constitutional government, which is a contract between rulers and those being ruled created by human ingenuity.
  • Qing dynasty

    The Qing dynasty ruling from 1644 until 1912 took over after the Ming dynasty collapsed. During the Qing dynasty the missionaries in China became discredited and thought of lowly and that miracles were superstitions fit only for the uneducated masses.
  • Peace of West Phalia

    Peace of West Phalia
    The Peace of West Phalia in 1648 marked the ending to the 30 Years' War between the Protestants and the Catholics. Later this helped to establish modern state systems in Europe.
  • Tokugawa shogunate

    In the early seventeenth century the military had unified Japan poltically under the leadership of the shogun from the Tokugawa clan. They used silver generated profits to defeat hundreds of rival feudal lords and unify the country, while pretty much closing their country off from the emerging European commerce except reamining trade partners with China and Korea.
  • Seven Years' War

    Seven Years' War
    The Seven Years' War was made up of basically two wars, one between Britain vs France and Spain in which Britain came out victorious. The other consisting of Fredrick II of Prussia vs. Austria, France, Russia, and Sweden which ended in Frederick withdrawing.
  • Establishment of 1st colony in Australia

    The 1st colony in Australia came in 1788 along with the arrival of British ships at Sydney. Instead of using slavery they used convict labor.
  • Haitian Revolution

    Haitian Revolution
    The Haitian Revolution began in 1791 and did not end until 1804. This was a slave revolt occurring in the French colony of Santo Domingo. Known also as the most successful slave revolt ever. It ended with elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti.
  • End of British slave trade

    End of British slave trade
    The end to British slave trade came around 1807. The Slave Trade Act which was an abolition of the slave trade was signed in 1807. In the act it stated that any ships transporting slaves were to be treated as pirates. Slavery overseas however still flourished. The United States did not abolish slavery all together until 1865.