Sumerian 26th c adab

Unit 2 to Unit 5 Timeline Mueggenborg

By grecus
  • Period: 224 to Apr 8, 651

    Sassanid Empire

    One of the two main powers in Western Asia. Played important role in mediaval art.
  • Period: 224 to Apr 11, 900

    Maya Civilization

    Civilization with only fully developed written language and advancements in math, art, and architecture. Declined around 900.
  • 306

    Constantinople

    Capital of Byzantine Empire. Changes to Istanbul when Turks take over.
  • Period: 330 to Apr 8, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    Also known as Eastern Roman Empire. Capital at Constantinople. One of the most powerful economic, cultural, and military forces in Europe.
  • Period: 581 to Apr 8, 618

    Sui Empire

    Sui Dynasty founded by emperor Wen unifies Northern and Southern China
  • Apr 8, 600

    Ghana

    Capital of Ghana established
  • Period: Jun 18, 618 to Jun 4, 907

    Tang

    Founded by Li family. Golden age of cosmopolitan culture, progress, and stability.
  • Apr 8, 622

    Islam Founded

    Islam religion founded by Mohammed
  • Apr 8, 632

    Sunni-Shi'ite Split

    Split of Islam into Sunnis and Shi'ites because of a disagreement on who the next leader will be,
  • Period: Apr 8, 661 to Apr 8, 750

    Umayyad Caliphate

    One of the world's largest empires.
  • Apr 8, 711

    Muslims Conquer Spain

    Islam religion introduced to Spain.
  • Period: Apr 8, 750 to Apr 8, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    Overthrow of Umayyad caliphate and establishment of Abbasid Caliphate.
  • Apr 8, 768

    Charlemagne

    King of Franks. Emperor of Roman Empire
  • Period: Apr 8, 862 to Apr 8, 1349

    Kievan Russia

    Founded by East Slavic Tribes and Scandinavian warriors.
  • Period: Apr 8, 960 to Apr 8, 1270

    Song Empire

    First government to issue paper money and establish a navy. Discovered gunpowder and used compass to discover true north.
  • Period: Apr 8, 961 to Apr 8, 1190

    Mali

    Ghana crumbles; Mali period mainly ruled by Muslims.
  • Apr 8, 962

    Establishment Holy Roman Empire

    The Holy Roman Empire was established with Charlemagne as first ruler
  • Apr 8, 1037

    Seljuk Turks come into Persia

    Seljuk Turks (turkish tribe of central asia) took over most of Eastern and Central Anatolia.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1095 to Apr 8, 1291

    Crusades

    Crusades: relegiously-sanctioned military campagins. Roman Catholic forces VS. Muslims
  • Apr 8, 1169

    Saladin defeats Crusader-Byzantyne force

    Saladin: Sultan of Egypt and Syria.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1190 to Apr 8, 1353

    Songhai

    Mali transitions into Songhai,
  • Period: Apr 11, 1200 to Apr 11, 1528

    Inca Civilization

    Advanced architecture and complex art. Declined and became extinct after arrival of Spanish conquistadores.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1206 to Apr 8, 1324

    Mongol Cpmquests

    Mongols Conquered: Iran, Iraq, Syria, parts of Turkey, China, Korea, Japan, Russia, Siberia, Ukraine, Belarus, Cilicia, Anatolia, Georgia, Armenia, Persia, Iraq,and Central Asia
  • Period: Apr 8, 1206 to Apr 8, 1277

    Genghis Khan Reign

    United nomadic tribes of northeast Asia, Founded Mongol Empire.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1206 to Apr 8, 1527

    Delhi Sultanate

    Made up of five dynasties: Mughal, Mamluk, Tughlaq, Sayyid, Lodi
  • Apr 8, 1215

    Magna Carta Issued

    Charter demanding that the King of England grant liberties to subjects
  • Period: Apr 8, 1250 to Apr 8, 1570

    Mamluk Sultanate

    Regime made up of mamluks (turkish soldier of slave origin) who ruled Egypt.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1300 to

    Renaissance

    Period of cultural rebirth and development
  • Apr 8, 1324

    Mansa Musa Pilgrimage

    Mansa Musa (leader of Mali) makes Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Apr 8, 1336

    Timur

    Timur: Founded Timurid Empire and Timurid Dynasty. Grandfather of Mughal Empire founder.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1337 to Apr 8, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    Series of wars for the French throne
  • Period: Apr 8, 1368 to

    Ming Empire

    Constructed vast navy and army. Orderly government and social stability. Restored Grand Canal and Great Wall. Built Forbidden City.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1405 to Apr 8, 1433

    Zheng He Voyages

    Large voyages sponsored by Chinese gov. to gain more wealth and tributaries for China.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1424 to Apr 11, 1446

    Henry the Navigator Explorations

    Explorers navigated Cape Bojandor and explored the African coast.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1427 to Apr 11, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    Empire with its capital at Teotihuacan. Fell after arrival of Hernan Cortes.
  • Apr 8, 1439

    Gutenberg Press

  • Apr 11, 1450

    Gutenberg Press

    Johannes Gutenberg, a German goldsmith, invented modern movable type and introduced modern book printing.
  • Apr 8, 1460

    Ivan III

    Ivan III
    Also known as Ivan the Great. Grand prince of Moscow
  • Apr 11, 1492

    Columbus

    Columbus discovers American Continents.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1492 to

    Columbian Exchange

    Exchange of animals, plants, culture, humans, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres
  • Period: Apr 11, 1497 to Apr 11, 1519

    da Gama Explorations

    Explored coast of Africa and India.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    Ruling dynasty of Iran.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1502 to Apr 11, 1532

    Pizzaro Explorations

    Sailed to the new world, explored South America, explored Ecuadorian Coast, conquered Peru
  • Period: Apr 11, 1504 to Apr 11, 1526

    Babur

    Rose to power in Kabul(Afghanistan) and built an army that conquered areas around Afghanistan.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1506 to Apr 11, 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Participated in conquest of Hispaniola and Cuba, Defeated the Aztecs.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1517 to

    Protestant Reformation

    Revolution led by Martin Luther against the corrupt Catholic Church.
  • Apr 11, 1519

    Magellan

    Magellan leads fist expedition to sail around the earth.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

    Ruled most of India during the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1550 to

    Scientific Revolution

    Period of new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences.
  • Apr 11, 1552

    Mateo Ricci

    Mateo Ricci: One of the founders of the Jesuit China Mission.
  • Galileo

    Mathematician and sastronomer. Proponent of the Copernican Theory. Persecuted by the Roman Church
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate

    A feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns(military) of the Tokugawa family. Abolished during Meiji Restoration
  • Period: to

    Colonies in the New World

    Virginia, Massachussetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticutt, North Carolina, Delaware, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Georgia
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    Dynasty founded by the Manchu and highly integrated with Chinese culture.
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment

    Also known as the Age of Reason. A period of time when people started thinking about the importance of reasoning.
  • Peter the Great

    Russian tsar who modernized and expanded Russia
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    Major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology were made during this time period.
  • Period: to

    French-Indian War

    War between Britain and France. Evolved into the 7 years war. Resulted in Treaty of Paris.
  • Catherine the Great Reign

    Had a successful foreign policy, strengthened and made Russia a world power.
  • Watt's Steam Engine

    An improvement on the Newcomen engine, more fuel efficient and faster.
  • Spinning Jenny

    The Spinning-Jenny was a machine that used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun from a corresponding set of rovings.
  • Water Frame

    Water frame, a machine which was the first powered, automatic, and continuous textile machine, was invented by Richard Arkwright.
  • Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette

    Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette were married in 1770. The marriage caused conflicts because Marie Antoinette was an unwelcome foreigner.
  • American Revolutions

    Revolution against Britain ruling the New World without representation.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    Declrataion approved by the French National Assembly which stated the people's rights.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    Social and political conflict within France against the monarchy.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    A group of angry people stormed the Bastille, which was a fortress and a symbol of royal French authority.
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution

    Conflict within the French colony of Saint-Domingue. Resulted in liberation of slaves, but didn't result in lasting independence.
  • Cotton Gin

    A machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
  • Napoleon

    Napoleon became the ruler of France in 1804. After taking over the government, he began a series of wars/conquests called the Napoleonic Wars, in which he conquered much of Europe.
  • Britain outlaws Slave Trade

    Britain passed an act that abolished the slave trade in the British Empire.
  • Telegraph

    The telegraph revolutionarized communication by making long-distance communication faster and easier.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mpvement led by Mexicans to gain independence from colonial Spain.
  • Congress of Vienna

    Conference of European ambassadors about ways to settle the issues resulting from the Napoleonic Wars, French Revolution, and dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    A battle in which the army led by Napoleon was defeated. End of Napoleon's rule.
  • Brazilian Independence

    A series of political conflicts caused by Brazilians wanting independence from Portugal.
  • Greek Independence

    Greek rebellion against Ottoman rule brings Greek Independence
  • Dissolution of Janissaries

    Pwerful Ottoman army destroyed after they tried to rebel against Sultan Mahmud II.
  • Period: to

    Great Trek - Afrikaners

    An eastward and north-eastward migration odf Boers away from British control in the Cape Colony.
  • End of Atlantic Slave Trade

    The Royal Navu worked to stop the Atlantic slave trade by shutting down endports from which slaves were shipped.
  • Revolutions of 1848

    Austria, Germany, Hungary, and Italy had revolutions during this year. Characterized by large assemblies and demonstrations. Democracy, liberalism, nationalism, and socialism gained popularity.
  • Period: to

    Imperialization of Africa

    Period of time characterized by European imperialists taking over/dividing up Africa.
  • Period: to

    Taiping Rebellion

    Cilil war in Southern China. One of the bloodiest civil wars in all of history.
  • Period: to

    Crimean War

    Caused by Russian demands to exercise protection over the Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman sultan
  • Commodore Matthew Perry

    Matthew C. Perry negotiated with Japan and obtained opening of two Japanese ports for trade and a Japanese agreement to be friendly with Americans.
  • Sepoy Rebellion

    Mutiny of native troops in India against the British.
  • Emancipation of Russian Serfs

    Also known as peasant reformof 1861. Serfs were liberated from serfdom.
  • Meiji Restoration

    A chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan. Change from feudal society to capitalist economy.
  • Suez Canal

    The Suez Canal allows ships to sail directly between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean.
  • Triangle Trade

    Concept of trade where a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come.Reached consideration from a lecture by American businessman William B. Weeden.
  • Period: to

    Boxer Rebellion

    A nationalist uprising that took place in response to European "spheres of influence" in China.
  • African National Congress

    Congress founded for the purpose of increasing the rights of South Africans.
  • Overthrow of Qing Dynasty

    The Qing Dynasty was overthrown after the Xinhai Revolution, when the Empress Dowager Longyu abdicated.
  • The League of Nations

    An intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I. First permanent international security organization founded for the purpose of keeping world peace. Precursor to UN.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    Major world conflict between the Allies and the Central Powers, which started with the assasination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria.
  • Panama Canal

    Ship canal in Panama that joins the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Russian Revolution

    The Czarist autocracy is destroyed and the Soviet Union comes to power.
  • Wilson's 14 Point Plan

    The Fourteen Points: a speech delivered by President Woodrow Wilson to a session of Congress to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics
  • Hitler Comes to Power

    Hitler's rise to power began in Germany after he joined a political party that lately turned into the Nazi Party.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty that ended World War 1 and put great limitations on what Germany could do.
  • Ghandi

    Leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian Independence Movement. A lawyer and an advocate for nonviolence and the power of mass civil resistence.
  • Period: to

    Chinese Civil War

    Civil war between the Communists (led by Mao Zedong) and the Nationalists (led by Chiang Kai-Shek).
  • Period: to

    Stalin's 5-Year Plans

    A series of plans to improve Russia through collectivization and industrialization.
  • Period: to

    The Great Depression

    Severe worldiwde economic depression.
  • Period: to

    World War 2

    Began with the invasion of Poland by Germany and Slovakia,. New types of warfare were introduced. Allies (U.S, Soviet Union, France, Poland, others) vs. Axis Powers (Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, others).
  • Period: to

    Cold War

    An intense competition between the Communist world (mainly the Soviet Union) and the Western world (mainly the U.S) over which country had the best technology.
  • Juan Peron

    President of Argenitna on three different occasion. Husband of Eva Peron, or Evita, who was a very influential and charismatic woman.
  • Indian Independence

    Colonialism in India is over. India becomes an independent nation under the rule of Nehru.
  • Creation of Pakistan

    Pakistan split from India and became its own predominantly Muslim nation.
  • NATO

    An alliance of countries under the North Atlantic Treaty. An organization that uses diplomacy and/or military interventions to solve disputes between countries.
  • Mao Zedong and Maoism

    Also called Mao Zedong Thought. Widely applied as the political and military guiding ideology in the Communist Party of China (CPC).
  • Korean War

    A war between North Korea (supported by China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (supported by UN)
  • Great Leap Forward

    An economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China which aimed to use China's large population to quickly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of agriculturalization, industrialization, and collectivization.
  • Warsaw Pact

    A mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe.
  • Vietnam War

    A conflict between U.S-Supported South Vietnam against Communist North Vietnam. After much fighting and many casualites from both the U.S and Vietnam, the South surrendered and Viernam was reunited. Highly unpopular war in the U.S.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    An unsuccessful CIA Invasion supported by the U.S in an attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro.
  • Berlin Wall

    A wall which split Berlin into East Berlin (soviet) and West Berlin (fascist), not allowing people from either side to cross over.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Fear in the United States as a result of the Soviet Union setting up missiles in Cuba. The closest the world came to the Nuclear War.
  • Aswan Dam

    Aswan Dam: A dam situated across the Nile River.
  • Helsinky Accords

    A treaty signed by many countries that agreed to relaxation of international tensions, recognized all European borders as inviolable, and agreed to refrain from interfering in other nations' internal affairs.
  • Islamic Revolution

    Revolution to replace Iran's monarchy with an Islamic Republic ruled by the leader of the revolution.
  • Period: to

    Iran-Iraq War

    A territorial conflict between Iran and Iraq over border limits and control of the Shatt al Arab waterway, which empties into the Persian Gulf.
  • Tiananmen Square Potests

    A series of nonviolent protests at Tiananmen Square in Beijing by students who were against the current regime and wanted to promote liberalization. Armed forces fired on the unarmed protesters, killing numerous people.
  • Reunification of Germany

    The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), and Berlin reunited into a single city.
  • USSR Disintegrates

    Dissolution of the USSR caused by the weakening of political and economic structure of the Soviet government.
  • Nelson Mandela

    First South-African president to be elected in a fully- representative democratical election.
  • September 11, 2001

    A series of terrorist suicide-attacks on the United States caused by Al-Qaeda.