Summative Part 1

Timeline created by Cadu_Polak
In History
  • 38,000 BCE

    Art in ancient China

  • 37,900 BCE

    The Sulawesi Cave

    The Sulawesi Cave
    Earliest known form of Asian art - the Sulawesi Cave art in Indonesia
  • 18,000 BCE

    Chinese Pottery Begins

    Chinese Pottery Begins
    Oldest example is the Xianrendong Cave pottery, like the pot in the picture.
  • 14,500 BCE

    Beginning of Jomon Pottery

    Beginning of Jomon Pottery
    Ceramic vases created in Ancient Japan during the Jomon period are generally accepted to be the oldest ceramic vases in the world.
  • 6,600 BCE

    Jiahu script

    Jiahu script
    Earliest known form of written language based on pictographs in China.
  • 6,000 BCE

    Domesticated Animals

    Domesticated Animals
    Dogs and chickens domesticated for the first time.
  • 4,000 BCE

    Beginning of "Painted Pottery" in China

    Beginning of "Painted Pottery" in China
    One of the most significant forms of Chinese art
  • 3,100 BCE

    Majiayao Culture

    Majiayao Culture
    The Majiayao culture was a group of neolithic communities who lived primarily in the upper Yellow River, First bronze objects found.
  • 1,100 BCE

    First Major Metalworking Centre

    First Major Metalworking Centre
    First Major Metalworking Centre
  • -450 BCE

    Earliest example of Silk Embroidery in China

    Earliest example of Silk Embroidery in China
    Found in a tomb at Mashan in Hubei province. Most Chinese embroideries are made in silk, and production peaked in the 14th century under the Mings.
  • 312

    Dark Ages

  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Edict of Milan
    Emperor Constantine promulgates the Milan edict of tolerance by which he legalizes Christianity.
  • 395

    Rome Division (West and East)

    Rome Division (West and East)
    In order to facilitate administration and defense, Emperor Theodosius divided the vast Roman Empire into two distinct areas: the Western Roman Empire, with capital in Rome, and the Eastern Roman Empire, with capital in Constantinople
  • 476

    Early Middle Ages

    Early Middle Ages
    The Middle Ages are a period in the history of Europe between the 5th and 15th centuries. Starts with the Fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    Fall of Rome
    Alongside the economic crisis and military disruption, the Barbarian Invasions led to the end of the Western Roman Empire
  • 800

    Carolingian Empire

    Carolingian Empire
    Also known as Charlemagne's Empire, it was the moment of greatest splendor of the Franco Kingdom (occupied the central region of Europe).
  • 1100

    Inca Empire

  • 1150

    Start of a Civilization

    Start of a Civilization
    The Killke culture occupies the Cusco valley region.
  • 1300

    Creation of Sacsayhuamán.

    Creation of Sacsayhuamán.
    The Killke may have built the site of Sacsayhuamán, according to a Carbon-14, approximately 2 kilometers of Cusco.
  • 1350

    Creation of Cusco

    Creation of Cusco
    The construction of the Kingdom of Cusco, initially a small city-state, was supervised by the Inca warlord Manco Capac.
  • 1438

    Attempted invasion of the Chanka tribe

    Attempted invasion of the Chanka tribe
    The Chanca tribe, a “powerful warlike confederation” , attacks the city of Cusco as it attempts an aggressive expansion to the south, Sources differ as to the role of the Sapa Inca, Viracocha, at the time of the invasion. Some claim he fled, while others argue that he led the heroic defence of the city. In the former version of events, Viracocha’s son, Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec), remained in Cusco and fought off the Chanca attack.
  • 1440

    Pachacuti becomes the new Sapa Inca.

    Pachacuti becomes the new Sapa Inca.
    Pachacuti becomes the new Sapa Inca, after his successful defense of the city. Under Pachacuti, the Incas begin a period of rapid expansion under a new governmental system and a determined leader.
  • 1450

    Pachacuti Inca founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.

    Pachacuti Inca founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.
    Machu Picchu (in Quechua Machu Pikchu, "old mountain"), Is probably the most typical symbol of the Inca Empire, because of its original location, In the middle of the mountains, the temples and houses are distributed in an organized manner, streets and taking advantage of the space with staircases. There are several theories about Machu Picchu's function, the most accepted one is that it was built with the objective of science research and the purpose of sheltering the Inca sovereign, in attack.
  • 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Fall of Constantinople
    It was the conquest of the Byzantine capital by the Ottoman Empire under the command of Sultan Mohammed II, on Tuesday, May 29, 1453.
  • 1463

    Territory Extension

    Territory Extension
    Túpac Inca Yupanqui (Pachacuti son), was placed in charge of the Inca army. Túpac Inca pushes the borders of the Inca Empire to new extremes, heading north into Ecuador after securing vast swathes of central and northern Peru.
  • 1471

    Death of Pachacuti

    Death of Pachacuti
    Pachacuti dies two years later. Prior to his death, he choses Túpac Inca as his successor instead of his elder son, Amaru Yupanqui. The new Sapa Inca continues his father’s expansionist policies, pushing south into Bolivia, chile and northern Argentina. In the photo the supposed tomb of Pachacuti.
  • 1492

    America's Discovered

    America's Discovered
    America's Discovered
  • 1515

    Inca Civil War and Spanish Arrival

    Inca Civil War and Spanish Arrival
  • 1519

    Conquest of the Aztecs.

    Conquest of the Aztecs.
    Hernán Cortés begins his conquest of the Aztecs in Mexico. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain
  • 1527

    Second expedition arrives in the north coast of Peru.

    Second expedition arrives in the north coast of Peru.
    The second expedition of Francisco Pizarro arrives in Tumbes on the north coast of Peru.
  • 1529

    Permission to Conquer Peru

    Permission to Conquer Peru
    The Spanish Crown gives Pizarro permission to conquer Peru, he started his third expedition to Peru
  • 1532

    Conquistadors capture Atahualpa.

    Conquistadors capture Atahualpa.
    Francisco Pizarro and his small force of conquistadors capture Atahualpa in Cajamarca on November 16. The Sapa Inca is held for ransom before being killed.
  • 1532

    Atahualpa Wins a decisive battle.

    Atahualpa Wins a decisive battle.
    Atahualpa wins a decisive battle against Huáscar at the Battle of Quipaipan. The civil war ends, but a new threat has already landed on the north coast of Peru.
  • 1533

    The Execution on Atahualpa.

    The Execution on Atahualpa.
    On July 26, the Spaniards execute Atahualpa. They install Túpac Huallpa as the new Inca ruler, but he dies just months after his succession.
  • 1534

    The first Spaniards enter Cusco

    The first Spaniards enter Cusco
    The first Spaniards enter Cusco. In December, Pizarro makes Manco Inca Yupanqui the new puppet ruler of the Inca Empire.
  • 1535

    Creation of Lima

    Creation of Lima
    Pizzaro Creates Today's Capital of Peru, Lima Originally Called “Ciudad de los Reyes,” or “City of Kings
  • 1537

    Vilcabamba becomes the new Inca capital.

    Vilcabamba becomes the new Inca capital.
    Manco Inca leads an uprising, laying siege to Cusco. Despite victory over the Spanish forces in the Battle of Ollantaytambo, Manco Inca is forced to flee following the arrival of Spanish reinforcements. With Cusco fallen to the Spaniards, Vilcabamba becomes the new Inca capital, an isolated independent state and a refuge for the remnants of the royal family. At this stage, just 100 years after its foundation, the Inca Empire had crumbled and disappeared as a ruling power.
  • 1544

    Renegade Spaniards murder Manco Inca.

    Renegade Spaniards murder Manco Inca.
    A group of renegade Spaniards murder Manco Inca. These same Spaniards had arrived at Vilcabamba as fugitives and were given sanctuary by Manco. The Incas at Vilcabamba had engaged in guerrilla activities against the Spaniards. With their leader gone, all significant resistance ends.
  • 1572

    The Fall of Inca Empire.

    The Fall of Inca Empire.
    Francisco Toledo, the new Viceroy of Peru (Pizarro had been assassinated by rival Spaniards in 1541), declares war on Vilcabamba. The independent state is sacked and the last Sapa Inca, Túpac Amaru, is captured. The Spaniards take Túpac Amaru to Cusco, where he is beheaded in a public execution. The fall of the Inca Empire is complete.