Ambitious Portuguese explorer from the royal family, pushed for exploration and imperial holdings on Africa and elsewhere such as the Canary Islands, 4.3 as Portugal gained imperial holdings especially wealthy port cities in Africa
Period: Mar 30, 1432 to May 3, 1481
Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
Expanded the ottoman state into an empire with the capture of Constantinople and grew ottoman land substantially. 4.3 as the ottoman empire greatly expanded under his rule
Apr 11, 1453
After the conquering of Constantinople the ottoman dynasty was able to greatly expand its holdings through out the Middle East and surrounding area this fits with concept 4.3 as expansion was evident
Period: Apr 11, 1464 to Apr 11, 1492
Reign of Sunni Ali
Ruler of the Songhai empire he was able to expand the empire and take over important cities such as Timbuktu this expansion under Sunni Ali fits into 4.3 as he grew his empire and united both muslim and non muslim people under him and in his empire
Period: Apr 11, 1464 to
located in africa, profited off of many natural resources, expanded and trade with other areas, falls into concept 4.3 for expansion and 4.1 for trade and trade routes
Jan 11, 1488
Dias' voyage into Indian Ocean
The first European explorer to sail around the southern most tip of Africa and explore the waters this voyage effects both 4.1 as new trade networks would follow him and 4.3 as it would lead to European powers making claims and setting up imperial states.
Aug 3, 1492
Columbus' first voyage
Columbus ends up bumping into the north American continent which will lead to both key concepts 4.1 as it will lead to the huge network that comes from the discovery of resources it will also fit concept 4.3 as it will lead to imperial expansion (first for Spain) and than other countries
Jun 7, 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas
Divided trading and colonizing rights for all newly discovered lands of the world between Portugal and Spain to settle future disputes fits 4.1 as it outlined new territory of any lands that were not currently claimed
Period: Apr 11, 1501 to
held a large amount of Persia, falls into 4.1 as they traded and profited from many trade areas such as the indian ocean trade network, also 4.3 as they expanded and brought smaller groups under their control.
Apr 11, 1502
Beginning of Portuguese slave trade
Portuguese establish the slave trade and begin trading Africans primarily to south American colonies this affects key concept 4.1 as this trade was traded globally and was unfortunately a commodity on the network of global trade.
Apr 11, 1517
Saw huge flaws in the church, published ninety-Five theses, was concerned over church abuses, specifically the sale of indulgences and wanted the bible to be in the vernacular, Lutheranism, 4.2 new social order, as the churches hold was weakened
Period: Apr 11, 1519 to
Spanish conquest of Mexico
During this time span the Spanish conquered Mexico, effectively destroying previous civilizations and extracting many valuable resources this event fits 4.1 as being in the new world was where many resources came from that were shipped backed and exchanged also 4.3 as Spanish imperial expansion
Period: Sep 30, 1520 to Sep 7, 1566
Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent
leader of the Ottoman empire during a time of large expansion towards Europe he was able to expand until he hit the siege of Vienna where he was stopped, 4.3 as he lead huge expansion and consolidated many areas under Ottoman rule
Apr 11, 1526
Conquered northern India, blended coulter of area gained 4.3 as lots of smaller mainly Muslim kingdoms were brought completely under the rule of the Mugahls
Apr 11, 1530
The founder of Calvinism saw flaws with the Catholic Church and broke away around 1530 this falls into concept 4.2 as he was a founder of Calvinism that greatly upsets the catholic churches hold over Europe
Sep 27, 1540
Foundation of Society of Jesus
This was the formation of Jesuits it fits into key concept 4.2 as this was another practice of the church that in theory had a counter effect on reformation movements as members of this organization were militarized
Period: Dec 13, 1545 to Dec 4, 1563
Council of Trent
This counsel witch met often during its span was held to pass reforms and combat all the protestant movements that were happening, it did have a positive effect as it dealt with some of the problems like indulgences, it effects 4.2 as it dealt with new social organization in Europe .
Period: Feb 11, 1556 to
Reign of Akbar
Expanded the mugal empire to include almost all except the southern tip of India, thereby almost completely unifying India this fits with concept 4.3 as the Mugal state was consolidated
Period: Apr 11, 1564 to
Contributed many new scientific works and made discoveries of the like also greatly studied astronomy and is credited with technologies that assist such as the telescopeHe fits 4.1 as these ideas were communicated greatly among the scientific community although some were put down by the church
Period: Apr 11, 1572 to
Reign of Emperor Wanli
Ruler of Ming dynasty for its decline, fits into concept 4.2 as social organization was greatly upset as the dynasty declined
Huge fleet of 130 ships that were planning to invade England, results in a naval battle with England where and a huge storm end up destroying a large amount of theses ships leaving Britain the dominant naval power 4.3 as this downsized Spains ability to epand and allowed Britain to expand even more.
was Japan's last feudal order was ruled by members of tokugawa family, excluded foreigners and harshly kept out western ideas such as catholicism fits 4.2 as social organization did not trade or expand.
Thirty Years' War
Fought in Europe originally over protestant vs. Catholic involving most of the powers of the time “world war” concept, assists in decline of feudalism Holy Roman Empire is decentralized as a result. 4.3 as states are consolidated as a result
Last imperial dynasty of china traded with the Indian Ocean trade network supplying good that reached all the way around to Europe 4.1 as networks of communication and exchange clearly attached them selves to Qing China
Peace of Westphalia
Ended the thirty years war and was able be very diplomatic set up new political order and ties in with concept 4.2 as it brought piece after fighting and newly organized Europe.
Most influential enlightened thinker who’s ideas would later greatly influence other thinkers and document such as the American constitution he effects 4.2 as he had new ideas that would eventually lead to upsets in social order.
Seven Years' War
Involved most of the world powers all over the globe including North America South America and Europe along with other locations, results is that colonial possessions change between Spain, France, and Great Britain. this war fits concept 4.3 as imperial expansion and also 4.1 as most skirmishes were fought over colonies which were a huge part of the global communications and exchange
Establishment of 1st colony in Australia
The British set up a colony in Australia due to the loss of the what was no the US, first inhabitants were mostly debtors this directly ties into 4.3 as the British empire expanded its imperialist holdings
Was a successful slave revolt that succeeded in overthrowing the French imperial holding and lead to the founding of the republic of Haiti this fits concept 4.2 as it overthrew the old social organization that the French had on the island
End of the British slave trade
This act outlawed the British slave trade in her colonies but did not yet get rid of the practice. This fits 4.2 as a new form of social organization as this system in the eyes of the British was starting to seem outdated and old fashioned it would lead to later reforms and later the abolition of slavery in her colonies.