Period 4 timeline

  • Period: Apr 11, 1420 to Apr 11, 1460

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Ambitious Portuguese explorer from the royal family, pushed for exploration and imperial holdings on Africa and elsewhere such as the Canary Islands, 4.3 as Portugal gained imperial holdings especially wealthy port cities in Africa
  • Period: Mar 30, 1432 to May 3, 1481

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Expanded the ottoman state into an empire with the capture of Constantinople and grew ottoman land substantially. 4.3 as the ottoman empire greatly expanded under his rule
  • Apr 11, 1453

    Ottoman dynasty

    After the conquering of Constantinople the ottoman dynasty was able to greatly expand its holdings through out the Middle East and surrounding area this fits with concept 4.3 as expansion was evident
  • Period: Apr 11, 1464 to Apr 11, 1492

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Ruler of the Songhai empire he was able to expand the empire and take over important cities such as Timbuktu this expansion under Sunni Ali fits into 4.3 as he grew his empire and united both muslim and non muslim people under him and in his empire
  • Period: Apr 11, 1464 to

    Songhay Empire

    located in africa, profited off of many natural resources, expanded and trade with other areas, falls into concept 4.3 for expansion and 4.1 for trade and trade routes
  • Jan 11, 1488

    Dias' voyage into Indian Ocean

    The first European explorer to sail around the southern most tip of Africa and explore the waters this voyage effects both 4.1 as new trade networks would follow him and 4.3 as it would lead to European powers making claims and setting up imperial states.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus' first voyage

    Columbus ends up bumping into the north American continent which will lead to both key concepts 4.1 as it will lead to the huge network that comes from the discovery of resources it will also fit concept 4.3 as it will lead to imperial expansion (first for Spain) and than other countries
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Divided trading and colonizing rights for all newly discovered lands of the world between Portugal and Spain to settle future disputes fits 4.1 as it outlined new territory of any lands that were not currently claimed
  • Period: Apr 11, 1501 to

    Safavid dynasty

    held a large amount of Persia, falls into 4.1 as they traded and profited from many trade areas such as the indian ocean trade network, also 4.3 as they expanded and brought smaller groups under their control.
  • Apr 11, 1502

    Beginning of Portuguese slave trade

    Portuguese establish the slave trade and begin trading Africans primarily to south American colonies this affects key concept 4.1 as this trade was traded globally and was unfortunately a commodity on the network of global trade.
  • Apr 11, 1517

    Martin Luther

    Saw huge flaws in the church, published ninety-Five theses, was concerned over church abuses, specifically the sale of indulgences and wanted the bible to be in the vernacular, Lutheranism, 4.2 new social order, as the churches hold was weakened
  • Period: Apr 11, 1519 to

    Spanish conquest of Mexico

    During this time span the Spanish conquered Mexico, effectively destroying previous civilizations and extracting many valuable resources this event fits 4.1 as being in the new world was where many resources came from that were shipped backed and exchanged also 4.3 as Spanish imperial expansion
  • Period: Sep 30, 1520 to Sep 7, 1566

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent

    leader of the Ottoman empire during a time of large expansion towards Europe he was able to expand until he hit the siege of Vienna where he was stopped, 4.3 as he lead huge expansion and consolidated many areas under Ottoman rule
  • Apr 11, 1526

    Mughal dynasty

    Conquered northern India, blended coulter of area gained 4.3 as lots of smaller mainly Muslim kingdoms were brought completely under the rule of the Mugahls
  • Apr 11, 1530

    John Calvin

    The founder of Calvinism saw flaws with the Catholic Church and broke away around 1530 this falls into concept 4.2 as he was a founder of Calvinism that greatly upsets the catholic churches hold over Europe
  • Sep 27, 1540

    Foundation of Society of Jesus

    This was the formation of Jesuits it fits into key concept 4.2 as this was another practice of the church that in theory had a counter effect on reformation movements as members of this organization were militarized
  • Period: Dec 13, 1545 to Dec 4, 1563

    Council of Trent

    This counsel witch met often during its span was held to pass reforms and combat all the protestant movements that were happening, it did have a positive effect as it dealt with some of the problems like indulgences, it effects 4.2 as it dealt with new social organization in Europe .
  • Period: Feb 11, 1556 to

    Reign of Akbar

    Expanded the mugal empire to include almost all except the southern tip of India, thereby almost completely unifying India this fits with concept 4.3 as the Mugal state was consolidated
  • Period: Apr 11, 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    Contributed many new scientific works and made discoveries of the like also greatly studied astronomy and is credited with technologies that assist such as the telescopeHe fits 4.1 as these ideas were communicated greatly among the scientific community although some were put down by the church
  • Period: Apr 11, 1572 to

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Ruler of Ming dynasty for its decline, fits into concept 4.2 as social organization was greatly upset as the dynasty declined
  • Spanish Armada

    Huge fleet of 130 ships that were planning to invade England, results in a naval battle with England where and a huge storm end up destroying a large amount of theses ships leaving Britain the dominant naval power 4.3 as this downsized Spains ability to epand and allowed Britain to expand even more.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa shogunate

    was Japan's last feudal order was ruled by members of tokugawa family, excluded foreigners and harshly kept out western ideas such as catholicism fits 4.2 as social organization did not trade or expand.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Fought in Europe originally over protestant vs. Catholic involving most of the powers of the time “world war” concept, assists in decline of feudalism Holy Roman Empire is decentralized as a result. 4.3 as states are consolidated as a result
  • Qing dynasty

    Last imperial dynasty of china traded with the Indian Ocean trade network supplying good that reached all the way around to Europe 4.1 as networks of communication and exchange clearly attached them selves to Qing China
  • Peace of Westphalia

    Ended the thirty years war and was able be very diplomatic set up new political order and ties in with concept 4.2 as it brought piece after fighting and newly organized Europe.
  • John Locke

    Most influential enlightened thinker who’s ideas would later greatly influence other thinkers and document such as the American constitution he effects 4.2 as he had new ideas that would eventually lead to upsets in social order.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years' War

    Involved most of the world powers all over the globe including North America South America and Europe along with other locations, results is that colonial possessions change between Spain, France, and Great Britain. this war fits concept 4.3 as imperial expansion and also 4.1 as most skirmishes were fought over colonies which were a huge part of the global communications and exchange
  • Establishment of 1st colony in Australia

    The British set up a colony in Australia due to the loss of the what was no the US, first inhabitants were mostly debtors this directly ties into 4.3 as the British empire expanded its imperialist holdings
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution

    Was a successful slave revolt that succeeded in overthrowing the French imperial holding and lead to the founding of the republic of Haiti this fits concept 4.2 as it overthrew the old social organization that the French had on the island
  • End of the British slave trade

    This act outlawed the British slave trade in her colonies but did not yet get rid of the practice. This fits 4.2 as a new form of social organization as this system in the eyes of the British was starting to seem outdated and old fashioned it would lead to later reforms and later the abolition of slavery in her colonies.