The Songhai state has existed in one form or another for over a thousand years, if one traces its rulers from the settlement of Gao to Songhai's vassal status under the Mali Empire to its continuation in Niger as the Dendi Kingdom.
Period: Jul 27, 1299 to
Made up of members from the Osman House
Was named after Osman 1
Period: Mar 4, 1394 to Nov 13, 1460
Prince Henry the Navigator
Was an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and the Age of Discoveries in total.
Jan 1, 1444
Begginning of Portuguese slave trade
Started with when Prince Henry the Navigator sending an exploration crew to Africa and they brought back the slaves
Period: Apr 1, 1444 to Apr 1, 1481
Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
He conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire, transforming the Ottoman state into an empire.
Period: Apr 1, 1464 to Apr 1, 1492
Reign of Sunni Ali
Was the first king of the Songhai Empire, located in west Africa.
Period: Nov 10, 1483 to Feb 18, 1546
Was a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in 16th century Christianity, subsequently known as the Protestant Reformation
Period: Aug 1, 1487 to Dec 31, 1488
Dias' Voyage into Indian Ocean
The expedition sailed south along the West coast of Africa.
The discovery of the passage around southern Africa was significant because, for the first time, Europeans realized they could trade directly with India and the other parts of Asia, bypassing the overland route through the Middle East
Aug 3, 1492
Columbus' first voyage
Convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance the voyage
Had 3 ships; The Pinta, The Nina, and The Santa Maria
Jun 7, 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas
The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Spain.
Period: Jan 1, 1501 to
Ruled in Persia
Established the Twelever School of Shi'a Islam
Period: Jul 10, 1509 to May 27, 1564
Was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.
Period: Feb 1, 1519 to Aug 13, 1521
Spanish Conquer of Mexico
The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.
Period: Sep 30, 1520 to Sep 7, 1566
Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent
Was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566.
Period: Jan 1, 1526 to
Turkish-Muslim Dynasty that ruled most of the Northern India
Had great administrative skills
Sep 27, 1540
Foundation of the Society of Jesus
The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits work in education
Period: Dec 13, 1545 to Dec 5, 1563
Council of Trent
The Council issued condemnations on what it defined as Protestant heresies at the time of the Reformation and defined Church teachings in the areas of Scripture and Tradition
Period: Feb 11, 1556 to
Reign of Akbar
Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India.
Period: Feb 15, 1564 to
An Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution.
Period: Jul 19, 1572 to
Reign of Emperor Wanli
Was the longest in the Ming dynasty and it witnessed the steady decline of the dynasty.
Was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588 under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
The heads of government were the shoguns, and each was a member of the Tokugawa clan.
Thirty Years' War
Was a series of wars principally fought in Central Europe, involving most of the countries of Europe. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history, and one of the longest continuous wars in modern history.
Was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism"
Last of the Imperial Dynasties
Took from Ming while they were weak
Peace of Westphalia
The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic.
Seven Years' War
It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.
Establishment of 1st colony in Australia
A proposal that Britain found a colony of banished convicts in the South Sea
Was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti.
End of British slave trade
The Slave Trade Act was past making it illegal to trade slaves but not having slaves