Timeline 1450CE - 1750CE

  • Period: Apr 1, 1000 to

    Songhai Empire

    The Songhai state has existed in one form or another for over a thousand years, if one traces its rulers from the settlement of Gao to Songhai's vassal status under the Mali Empire to its continuation in Niger as the Dendi Kingdom.
  • Period: Jul 27, 1299 to

    Ottoman Dynasty

    Made up of members from the Osman House
    Was named after Osman 1
  • Period: Mar 4, 1394 to Nov 13, 1460

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Was an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and the Age of Discoveries in total.
  • Jan 1, 1444

    Begginning of Portuguese slave trade

    Begginning of Portuguese slave trade
    Started with when Prince Henry the Navigator sending an exploration crew to Africa and they brought back the slaves
  • Period: Apr 1, 1444 to Apr 1, 1481

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    He conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire, transforming the Ottoman state into an empire.
  • Period: Apr 1, 1464 to Apr 1, 1492

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Was the first king of the Songhai Empire, located in west Africa.
  • Period: Nov 10, 1483 to Feb 18, 1546

    Martin Luther

    Was a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in 16th century Christianity, subsequently known as the Protestant Reformation
  • Period: Aug 1, 1487 to Dec 31, 1488

    Dias' Voyage into Indian Ocean

    The expedition sailed south along the West coast of Africa.
    The discovery of the passage around southern Africa was significant because, for the first time, Europeans realized they could trade directly with India and the other parts of Asia, bypassing the overland route through the Middle East
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus' first voyage

    Columbus' first voyage
    Convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance the voyage
    Had 3 ships; The Pinta, The Nina, and The Santa Maria
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Spain.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1501 to

    Safavid Dynasty

    Ruled in Persia
    Established the Twelever School of Shi'a Islam
  • Period: Jul 10, 1509 to May 27, 1564

    John Calvin

    Was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.
  • Period: Feb 1, 1519 to Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish Conquer of Mexico

    The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.
  • Period: Sep 30, 1520 to Sep 7, 1566

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent

    Was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1526 to

    Mughal Dynasty

    Turkish-Muslim Dynasty that ruled most of the Northern India
    Had great administrative skills
  • Sep 27, 1540

    Foundation of the Society of Jesus

    Foundation of the Society of Jesus
    The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits work in education
  • Period: Dec 13, 1545 to Dec 5, 1563

    Council of Trent

    The Council issued condemnations on what it defined as Protestant heresies at the time of the Reformation and defined Church teachings in the areas of Scripture and Tradition
  • Period: Feb 11, 1556 to

    Reign of Akbar

    Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    An Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution.
  • Period: Jul 19, 1572 to

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Was the longest in the Ming dynasty and it witnessed the steady decline of the dynasty.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    Was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588 under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate

    The heads of government were the shoguns, and each was a member of the Tokugawa clan.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Was a series of wars principally fought in Central Europe, involving most of the countries of Europe. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history, and one of the longest continuous wars in modern history.
  • Period: to

    John Locke

    Was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism"
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    Last of the Imperial Dynasties
    Took from Ming while they were weak
  • Period: to

    Peace of Westphalia

    The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years' War

    It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.
  • Establishment of 1st colony in Australia

    Establishment of 1st colony in Australia
    A proposal that Britain found a colony of banished convicts in the South Sea
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution

    Was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti.
  • End of British slave trade

    End of British slave trade
    The Slave Trade Act was past making it illegal to trade slaves but not having slaves