Beijing dingling tomb 1

Unit 2: 600CE---->1450CE Mueggenborg

  • Period: 224 to Apr 13, 651

    Sasanid Empire

    Last Pre-Islamic persian Empire and third Iranian dynasty, succeeded by Byzantine Empire, Their fall was due to lose of control to invading Arab Caliphates. They were constantly at war with the Roman empire to the West.
  • Period: 250 to

    Maya Civilization

    Built their cities in present day Mexico and Central America, were one of the most sophisticated civilizations of their time period. they had a number line that used the number 0 and also made pyramids with no metal tools. They also made there own calendar. collapse due to overpopulation, disruption of trade routes, foreign invasion, and peasant revolts.
  • Period: 306 to Apr 14, 1453


    Europe's largest and wealthiest city, founded by Constantine, also the capital of the byzantine empire.
  • Period: 330 to Apr 13, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    Successor state to the Roman Empire, core remained the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor. The area was very commercial and very Urban. The empire collapsed when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.
  • Apr 8, 610

    Foundation of Islam

    Muhammed is born into the line of work of treading. Muhammed has a vision, He declared that allah, god, is one, and there are no other gods.
  • Apr 8, 632

    Sunni and Shi'ite split

    Sunni and Shi'ite split
    the split was caused by the death of Muhamed. the people argued over weather Mohammed's succesor would be Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, or Ali ibn Abi Talib. Supporters of Abu became Sunnis and supporters of Ali became Shi'ites. Bith sides beleive Mohammed specifically designated their man.
    Green: Sunni
    Blue: Shiite
  • Period: Apr 18, 661 to Apr 18, 750

    Muslims Conquer Spain

    In 711 Muslim forces invaded and in seven years conquered the Iberian peninsula. It brought a degree of civilisation to Europe that matched the heights of the Roman Empire and the Italian Renaissance.
  • Period: Apr 8, 750 to Apr 8, 1076

    Ghana Kingdom

    first of the great medevil trading empires in Africa, trading mostly salt and Gold. As the empire grew richer, they extended their reach, incorperating more natural resource rich countries. Ghana began to fall with the rise of the Muslim Almoravids.
  • Period: Apr 18, 750 to Apr 18, 1513

    Abasid Caliphate

  • Period: Apr 24, 750 to Apr 24, 1513

    Abbasid caliphate

    The Abbasid Caliphate (العبّاسيّون, '''') was the third of the Islamic Caliphates of the Islamic Empire. It was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty of caliphs, who built their capital in Baghdad after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphs
  • Period: Apr 18, 1037 to Apr 18, 1194

    Seljuk Turks

    A Turkish dynasty ruling in central and western Asia. played a major role in medieval history by creating a barrier to Europe against the Mongol invaders from the East, defending the Islamic world against Crusaders from the West, and conquering the Byzantine Empire.
    Despite several attempts to reunite the Seljuks in the centuries following Malik Shah's death, the Crusades prevented them from regaining their former empire.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1095 to Apr 18, 1272


    A medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. The later Crusades were for the most part only expeditions to assist those who already were in the Holy Land and defend the lands they had captured
  • Period: Apr 18, 1174 to Apr 18, 1193


    Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He recaptured Jerusalem and defended it during the Third Crusade. But was defeated by Richard Coeur de Lion in the end.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1200 to Apr 8, 1450

    Mali Kingdom

    the mali kingdom flourished in trade. they were located by the upper Niger River. Their decline was caused by eventually outgrowth of political and military strength, and many of the subject areas revolted, adventually it ceasedto be a big political entity.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1200 to Apr 18, 1573

    Inca Civilization

    Thelargest empire in pre-columbia america. the Incas took advantage of the soil, overcoming the adversities of the Andejuian terrain and the weather. Inca buildings were made out of fieldstones or semi-worked stone blocks set in mortar; adobe walls were also common, usually laid over stone foundations. The Inca Army was a multi-ethnic army[1] charged with defending the sovereignty of the Incan Empire, expanding its borders, and putting down rebellions. they were conquered by the spanish.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1206 to Apr 18, 1527

    Delhi Sultanate

    Principal Muslim sultanate in northern India during the 13th to the 16th centuries. Its creation owed much to the campaigns of Muhammad. From 1290 to 1320, under the Khalji dynasty, the sultanate was an imperial power. Its power was shattered by Timur's invasion but it somewhat recovered under the Lodi (Afghan) dynasty. then finally was subsumed into Akbar's Mughal Empire in 1556.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1206 to Apr 18, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    The Mongol invasions progressed throughout the 13th century, The result was vast Mongol Empires covering much of Asia and Eastern Europe by 1300. their size eventually led to their fall.
  • Apr 13, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    An english Charter, protecting existing rights in words. Created by Barons who wanted to protect their rights from the wrong doings of King John.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1215 to Apr 18, 1517

    Mamluk Sultanate

    A Mamluk is a warrior caste dominant in Egypt. The Mamluks took advantage of their power to become the principal landholders in Egypt. The Mamluk sultans are usually divided into two dynasties, the Bahris , chiefly Turks and Mongols, and the Burjis.The sultans reigned, on the average, less than seven years and usually met violent ends. They defeated the last of the Crusaders and repulsed the Mongol invasion of Syria. The Ottoman ruler, Selim, put an end to the Mamluk sultanate.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1300 to


    The revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th–16th centuries. Helped to make the transition form medevil to modern. Taking place mostly in Europe.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1312 to Apr 8, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    The Ruler of the Mali Empire, he was muslim and brought the empire to its greatest heights. HIs grand pilgrimage to Mecca brought Mali great fame throughout the world.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1325 to Apr 18, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    dominated large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the late post-classic period in Mesoamerican. Advanced in religion and agriculture. Polytheistic. Fell to the attcks of cortes and his people (disease played a major role).
  • Period: Apr 18, 1336 to Apr 18, 1405


    Mongolian ruler of Samarkand who led his nomadic hordes to conquer an area from Turkey to Mongolia.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1337 to Apr 18, 1453

    Hundread years war

    he series of wars fought intermittently between France and England. the battle of Crecy was the first destinctive battle. The war destroyed much of france. A unch of battles put together to calling it a war.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1340 to

    Songhai kingdom

    A kingdom in Western Africa. Its base of Power was on the bend of the Niger river. They took advantage of the Mali empires decline and took them over. By 1420 the songhai kingdom was strong enough to extract tribute from Masnia.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1368 to

    Ming Empire

    Chinese dynasty that provided an interval of native rule between eras of Mongol and Manchu dominance. The Ming, one of the most stable but autocratic of dynasties, extended Chinese influence farther than did any other native rulers of China. Under the Ming, the capital of China was moved from Nanjing to Beijing, and the Forbidden City was constructed.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1371 to Apr 8, 1433

    Zheng He

    Eunuch admiral and diplomat who helped extend Chinese maritime and commercial influence throughout the region bordering on the Indian Ocean. Subsequent voyages took him to Arabia, the eastern coast of Africa, Southeast Asia, and India
  • Apr 13, 1439

    Gutenburg Press

    Gutenburg Press
    The very first printing press made by Johannes Gutenburg, Made the idea of moveable type more extreme creating more publications and making it cheaper for the people to but publications.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1440 to Apr 18, 1505

    Ivan III

    known as Ivan the Great. Grand duke of Muscovy . He expanded Muscovy, defeated the Tatars, and assumed the title of Ruler of all Russia.
  • Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    Establishment of Holy Roman Empire
    The development of the Holy Roman Empire was an attempt by medieval political and religious leaders to connect their own rule with that of the Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire was first established under Charlemagne, but it declined after his rule because most of his successors were weak and ineffective.
  • Period: to

    Sui Empire

    The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived dynasty. Emperor Yang Jian or Wendi, founded the Sui Dynasty by unifying China. The dynasty restored Confucian rituals from the Han Dynasty, while supporting Buddhism. They also built the Grand Canal and rebuilt the Great Wall.
  • Period: to

    Tang Empire

    te Dynasty that succeded the Sui Dynasty and became a golden age for poetry, sculpture, and buddhism.The Tang government never completely controlled the northern Chinese border, where nomad tribes constantly attacked. periodic rebellions from the mid-8th century onward also weakened its power.
  • Period: to Apr 8, 1279

    Song Empire

    Chinese dynasty that united the entire country until 1127 and the southern portion until 1279, During the Song, commerce flourished, paper currency came into increasing use, and several cities boasted populations exceeding one million people.
  • Period: to


    Kingof Franks and founder of the first empire in western Europe after the fall of Rome. He promoted arts and education and promoted commerce and agriculture throughout his empire.
  • Period: to Apr 18, 1349

    Kievan Russia

    A medieval Slavic state that was the forerunner of modern Russia. Centered around the city of Kiev, it included most of present-day Ukraine and Belarus and part of northwest Russia. Kievan power and influence grew steadily through the 10th and 11th century, but was later weakened by internal disputes and fell to the Mongols.