Period 4 Timeline

  • Period: Jan 23, 1250 to

    Period 4 Cometti

  • Jan 27, 1299

    Ottoman dynasty

    Ottoman dynasty
    They were the largest Islamic Empire ever. They destroyed the Byzantine Empire completely and conquered a lot of land. They also were the first to arm their men with weapons, and they used cannons.
  • Feb 1, 1375

    Songhay Empire

    Songhay Empire
    It was located in West Africa and conquered many tribes. They also conquered much of the Niger River because that was where their empire was located around. West Africa was prosperous durring this time and it was very unified and stable.
  • Jan 27, 1394

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry the Navigator
    He was a Porttuguese prince, soldier, and explorer. He sent many expeditions down Africa's west coast, but he did not go on any of the expeditions. He led the first expeditions for European sailors to sail to the equator.
  • Jan 23, 1440

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade
    The Portuguese slave trade led to many drmatic changes in Europe and the Americas. The slave trade led to plantations getting richer because the owners didn't have to pay the slaves any money, and they did all of the very difficult work. Also, it led to the African culture spreading, but the population of Africa dropped dramatically because of this.
  • Jan 23, 1451

    Dias's Voyage into Indian Ocean

    Dias's Voyage into Indian Ocean
    He went around the southern tip of Africa. This led to the sea trade routes between Europe and Asia. He also made it so that the trade routes were easier to travel since they knew ho to sail those routes because he already sailed the route.
  • Feb 1, 1451

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
    He ruled durring the Ottoman Empire. He conquered Constantinople when he was 21. He conquered many territories including many of the Greek cities.
  • Feb 1, 1464

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Reign of Sunni Ali
    He began the Songhay Empire in West Africa. He learned to use "magical powers" durring his lifetime. He also ruled over Muslims and non-Muslims. He help conquer a large portion of the Niger RIver under his rule.
  • Jan 27, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    He was a German thologist that was a Christian. He help inspire the Protestant Reformation and other Christian traditions. He also translated the Bible into a vernacular language in Germany.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus's First Voyage

    Columbus's First Voyage
    He was the first major voyager that sailed to the Americas. He also opened the doors for trade and empires to come and settle in the Americas. Finally, he also made Spain settle in the most luxurious spot at the time in the Americas.
  • Feb 1, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    This was a treaty between the Portuguese and the Spaniards. This treaty was over which territories would be owned by the Spaniards and which territories would be owned by the Portuguese. This showed also which areas will be influenced by their countries.
  • Feb 1, 1502

    Safavid dynasty

    Safavid dynasty
    This dynasty was one of few dynasties that rued over Iraq. Their importance was that they helped spread Shia Islam throughout Iraq and further. They were one of the best ruling dynasties in that region because they were unified and their religion helped keep them strong ang untied.
  • Jan 26, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    He challenged the Catholic Church. He did not approve of the indeulgences that the church was selling, so he opposed it. His importance was that he challenged the church and opened the people's eyes about how corrupt it was.
  • Feb 1, 1519

    Spanish conquest of Mexico

    Spanish conquest of Mexico
    They settled in MesoAmerica and took over the Aztecs and the Incas. They spread diseases throughout their empire in the Americas. This was important because they connected the "Old World" with the "New World".
  • Feb 1, 1520

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent
    He conquered much of the Middle East, and he ruled durring the Ottomant Empire. He also passed laws that helped shape the empire well after his death. He also conquered some of Eastern Europe.
  • Jan 27, 1526

    Mughal Empire

    Mughal Empire
    It was an Islamic Empire in India. It unified India that hasn't been unified for a long time. Also, the Mughal Empire didn't make every convert from Buddhism and Hinduism to Islam.
  • Jan 24, 1534

    Foundation of Society of Jesus

    Foundation of Society of Jesus
    It was founded by a Spaniard and his group. It helped expand Catholicism. It was important because of the commitment to education. This means that people who didn't believe in the religion could also attend the colleges.
  • Jan 23, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    It was held in Italy, and it was for the councils for the Catholic Church. It tried to condemn Protestantism, and tried to correct the coruption with the Catholic Church. It finally solidified the church's interpretation of the Bible.
  • Jan 31, 1556

    Reign of Akbar

    Reign of Akbar
    He was the ruler of the Mughal Empire and was Islamic. He conquered and annexed many large cities that were then ruled under the Mughal Empire. He ruled India and was considered one of India's greatest rulers.
  • Jan 26, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    He was an astronomer, physicist, and philosopher. He was born in Italy, and he made a telescope that was far superior than any others and he discovered many astronomical discoveries. He was arrested because of some of his discoveries or theories that he made.
  • Feb 1, 1572

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Reign of Emperor Wanli
    He ruled durring the Ming Dynasty, and he was the longest ruler of that dynasty. He witnessed the decline of the Ming Dynasy. He started his reign at nineteen and didn't really make any major contributions to China's history.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    It was a crew of Spanish ships with 19,000 fighting men. It aimed at restoring England as a Catholic nation. They fought England and England came out victorious.
  • Tokugawa shogunate

    Tokugawa shogunate
    This shogunate was located in Japan. It was important because it unified Japan after centuries of epidemic warfare. It brought a lasting peace in Japan.
  • Thirty Years' War

    Thirty Years' War
    It was fought throughout Europe, but it was primarily fought in Germany. It was fought because of religion, between Protestants and Catholics. It was important because it caused a lot of the major powers to lose much of their powers and control.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    He was a philosopher and a politician. He helped inspire some of the most important things that were ever made like the Declaration of Independence. He help inspire equality of men and property rights.
  • Qing dynasty

    Qing dynasty
    The Qing Dynasty used many of the techniques from other Chinese dynasties. They also invaded many territories, but they did not incorporate them into Chinese culture. It was a period of peace for China, and they were very light on taxing and pleasant to their people.
  • Peace of Westphalia

    Peace of Westphalia
    It was the beginning of the international system of laws. It gave kingdoms in Western Europe to choose their own religions with some restrictions, but kingdoms were able to pick their own official religion. This was a peace between fighting kingdoms., and this took place in Germany.
  • Seven Years' War

    Seven Years' War
    This marked the end of the French Empire in the Americas. This made France give up all of their territory and was divided among the other empires in that region. This helped the events to lead up the their freedom.
  • Establishment of 1st Colony in Australia

    Establishment of 1st Colony in Australia
    This allowed Austalia to be inhabitted with humans that were from the civilized world. The first people to land there were the criminals that were from England because their prisons were beginning to be full. It also made Australia to become more well-known and have the population of Australia to rise.
  • Hatian Revolution

    Hatian Revolution
    It began with the rebellion of African slaves in the Caribbean, and the slaves won the battle. It ended when the French won the Battle of Verterez. It showed that some slaves had enough strength and could easily overhrow some of their masters.
  • End of British Slave Trade

    End of British Slave Trade
    It abolished all slave trade that involved Britain. It also made the slave trade less popular since an entire country ended the trade. It also made slaves be worth some more, and the plantations had to treat their slaves with a little more care since there were less countries selling it.