Period 3 Timeline

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad's first vision (Middle East)

    Muhammad's first vision was the starting point for the Islamic faith.
  • Jan 1, 615

    Sui Empire collapsed in China (East Asia)

    The Sui's collapse made way for the rise of the Tang Empire in China.
  • Jan 1, 618

    Beginning of the Tang Empire (East Asia)

    The Tang Empire came up with ideas that would be improved upon during the Song Empire.
  • Jan 1, 650

    Quran finished (Middle East)

    The Quran is the holy text of the Islamic religion. Its completion provided a basis for social and legal law in Islamic states.
  • Jan 1, 700

    Swahili civilizations begin (East Africa)

    The beginning of the Swahili civilizations marked a beginning of the Swahili exportation of gold mined from inland Africa.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasid Caliphate began (Middle East)

    The Abbasid Caliphate's rule was strongly based in theology and religious law which allowed Islam to spread.
  • Jan 1, 843

    Treaty of Verdun (Europe)

    The Treaty of Verdun split Charlamagne's empire into three parts: the French-speaking west and middle (France and Burgundy, respectively) and the German-speaking east (Germany).
  • Jan 1, 850

    Decline of the Abbasid Caliphate (Middle East)

    The decline of the Abbasid Caliphate, due to economic issues, allowed for the Buyid family to take power in Baghdad.
  • Jan 1, 960

    Song Empire begins (East Asia)

    The Song Empire improved upon Tang ideas and created many innovations that would be traded on the Silk Road during Mongol times.
  • Jan 1, 1076

    Collapse of Ghana (West Africa)

    The collapse of Ghana allowed for the Malinke people to take power two hundred years later.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Christian military campaigns begin the Crusades (Europe)

    The beginning of the Crusades marked a period of religious violence that lasted over 100 years. The Crusades allowed Europeans to bring over Arabian ideas and innovations.
  • Jan 1, 1180

    King Lalibela began ruling Ethiopia (East Africa)

    King Lalibela ruled Christian Ethiopia and built churches to spread the religion.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    End of military campaigns ends the Crusades (Europe)

    The end of the Crusades marked the end of a period of religious violence and stealing ideas and works from Arabs.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Muslim invaders began extending their rule (South Asia)

    The extended rule of Muslims over their new Delhi Sultanate spread Islam and garnered the recognition of the Delhi Sultanate as a Muslim state by the caliph of Baghdad.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Beginning of Mongol conquest (East Asia)

    The beginning of the Mongol's conquest of much of Asia and some of Europe unified the area for a short time, inducing an increase in trade and flow of ideas.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    Sundiata takes power and creates the Mali Empire (West Africa)

    The creation of the Mali Empire benefitted Trans-Saharan trade and fostered the spread of Islam.
  • Nov 22, 1250

    Trade began expanding along the East African coast (East Africa)

    The expansion of trade allowed for the rise to between thirty and forty separate city-states.
  • Jan 1, 1258

    Mongols capture Baghdad (Middle East)

    The Mongol capture of Baghdad secured their hold in the Middle East.
  • Jan 1, 1260

    Il-khan state established control over Armenia, Azerbaijan, Mesopotamia, and Iran (Middle East)

    Mongol control of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Mesopotamia, and Iran increased land coverage of the Il-Khans.
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Beginning of the Yuan Empire (East Asia)

    The Yuan Empire united much of the area that became modern China.
  • Jan 1, 1325

    Mansa Musa returns from his pilgrimage to Mecca (West Africa)

    When Mansa Musa returned from his pilgrimage, he began promoting the religious and cultural influence of Islam in Mali.
  • Jan 1, 1331

    The Plague hits China (East Asia)

    The Plague decreased Chinese population and influenced a decline in trade across the Silk Road.
  • Jan 1, 1338

    Bengal successfully broke away from the Delhi Sultanate (South Asia)

    After it broke away from the Delhi Sultanate, Bengal became the center of the Sufi tradition of Islam.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Plague hits West Europe (Europe)

    The Plague diminished European populations and created labor shortages which undermined the serfdom.
  • Jan 1, 1349

    End of the Il-Khan state (Middle East)

    The end of the Il-Khan state in Persia signified an end to the Mongol's rule and high taxation of the Persian people.
  • Jan 1, 1351

    All of South India was independent of Delhi's rule (South Asia)

    South India's independence of Delhi's rule influenced North Indian rebellions.
  • Jan 1, 1352

    Ibn Battuta begins his visit to Mali (West Africa)

    Ibn Battuta's visit to Mali was recorded in his journals, which are still used as historical records to describe the government and religious adherence of that time.
  • Jan 1, 1390

    Gujarat regained its independence (South Asia)

    Gujarat's independence weakened Delhi's central authority and revived Mongol interests in the area.
  • Jan 1, 1398

    Timur captured the city of Delhi (South Asia)

    When Timur captured and pillaged Delhi, he left the city in ruins, taking tens of thousands of captives, an event from which the Delhi Sultanate never recovered.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Great Zimbabwe was at its peak (East Africa)

    The Great Zimbabwe was a city through which much gold came from or passed through. It occupied 193 acres and may have had 18,000 inhabitants.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Mali begins to disintegrate (West Africa)

    Mali's disintegration two centuries after it was founded allowed for groups to rebel and take over Mali's wealth.
  • Jan 1, 1450

    African craftsmen finished building structures for Great Zimbabwe's rulers (East Africa)

    After 200 years of building, the local craftsmen finished building stone structures for Great Zimbabwe's rulers, priests, and wealthy citizens. The ruins are one of the ost famous historical site in sub-Saharan Africa.