Islamic empires1

Islamic Empires Project

  • Jan 1, 1280

    Founder of Ottoman Empire born

    Founder of Ottoman Empire born
    Ottoman EmpireOsman, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, was born.
  • Jan 1, 1295

    Ilkhanate becomes Sultanate

    Persian TimelineGhazan, the Ilkhan, converts to Islam, and the Ilkhanate becomes a sultanate
  • Period: Jan 1, 1300 to

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman EmpireOttoman Empire Rise and Decline The Ottoman Empire, formed in the early 14th century, was one of the three Islamic Empires. The Empire survived through World War I but immediately disbanded following the war.
  • Jan 1, 1301

    Osman the Sultan

    Osman the Sultan
    Ottoman EmpireOsman becomes sultan making the Ottomans a true established empire.
  • Jan 1, 1335

    Ilkhanate Disintegration

    Persian TimelineAbu Said dies and the Ilkhanate disintegrates. After the Ilkhanate, the regional states established during the disintegration of the Ilkhanate raise their own candidates as claimants.
  • Jan 1, 1366

    Ottoman capital changes

    Ottoman capital changes
    Islamic EmpiresCapital of Ottoman Empire moved from Bursa to Adrianople.
  • Jan 1, 1501

    Safavid Independence

    Safavid EmpireIn 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory.
  • Jan 1, 1501

    Ismail and the Safavid Empire

    Ismail and the Safavid Empire
    Safavid EmpireIsmail becomes the shah of Persia.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1502 to

    Safavid Empire

    History of Iran: Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail.The Safavid Empire was based in what is today Iran.The state religion was Shi'a Islam. All other religions, and forms of Islam were suppressed.
  • Jan 1, 1508

    Defeating the Uzbeks and Conquering Baghdad

    Safavid EmpireIsmail defeats the Uzbeks. Then, conquers what is known as modern day Baghdad.
  • Jan 1, 1510

    Ismail conquers Iran

    Safavid EmpireShah Ismail was proclaimed ruler at the age of 14 or 15, and by 1510 Ismail had conquered the whole of Iran.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Babur lays Mughal Foundation

    Mughal EmpireBabur lays foundation of Mughal Empire; wins First Battle of Panipat.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Babur Seizes the Delhi Sultanate

    Babur Seizes the Delhi Sultanate
    Islamic TimelineBabur (Mongolian) seizes the Delhi sultanate and takes control of northern India.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

    Mughal Empire The word "Mughal" is the Indo-Aryan version of "Mongol." The Mughals retained aspects of Mongal culture. The religion of Moghals was Islam. Under Akbar the Great, the empire grew considerably, and continued to expand until the end of Aurangzeb's rule. Jahangir, the son of Akbar, ruled the empire between 1605 and 1627. Aurangzeb died, and the empire slowly declined.
  • Jan 1, 1530


    Mughal Empire TimelineHumayun succeeded his father, Babur. Humayun was the second Mughal Emperor who ruled present day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but with Persian aid, he eventually regained an even larger one.
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Hardships between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire

    The Ottoman empire conquers Mesopotamia from the Safavid empire.
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Peace between the Safavids and Ottomans

    The Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 was the last of a series of conflicts fought between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia.The Safavids and Ottomans finally declare peace.
  • Jan 1, 1556

    Abkar and the Mughal dynasty

    Abkar and the Mughal dynasty
    Islamic TimelineAkbar founds the Mughal dynasty in northern India.
  • Jan 1, 1556

    Humayun Dies

    Humayun Dies
    Islamic Empire TimelineHumayun is rumored to have fell on his library steps resulting in his untimely unexpectable death.
  • Jan 1, 1564

    Abolition of the Jizya

    Abkar abolishes Jizya.
  • Shah Abbas

    Shah Abbas
    Shah AbbasThe reign of Shah Abbas begins. Shah Abbas I was the first of the Safavid Shahs to establish Persia as a homogeneous state, enforcing, often brutally, adherence to Shi'ism, and imposing Farsi as a unifying language throughout the land.
  • Shah Abbas's Powerful Military Force

    Shah Abbas's Powerful Military Force
    Safavid king Shah Abbas I creates a gunpowder-based military force
  • Isfahan

    Persian TimelineSafavid king Shah Abbas I moves the capital to Isfahan
  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    Mughal TimelineBritish East India Company is chartered.
  • Baghdad Recaptured

    The Safavids capture Baghdad from the Ottomans. The Ottoman Turks and Safavids fought over the fertile plains of Iraq for more than 150 years. The capture of Baghdad by Ismail I in 1509 was only followed by its loss to the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I in 1534.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Aurangzeb

    Picture of AurangzebAurangzebReign of Aurangzeb, last great Mughal ruler.
  • Jijya

    Jijya is re-imposed, Mughal Empire. Under Islamic law, jizya is a per capita tax levied on a section of an Islamic state's non-Muslim citizens, who meet certain criteria.
  • Battle of Plassey

    Battle of Plassey
    Battle of Plassey--British victory over Mughal forces in Bengal; British rule in India begins.
  • Formal End of Mughal Empire

    Formal End of Mughal Empire
    East India Company dissolved; rule of India under the British crown--the British Raj--begins with Government of India Act; formal end of Mughal Empire.
  • Trouble in the Ottoman Empire

    Trouble in the Ottoman Empire
    Ottoman EmpireThe Ottoman Empire is declared bankrupt.