The Scramble for Africa was the colonization of Africa by European forces. There were a lot of raw materials in Africa such as rubber, palm oil, ivory, tin, cotton, gold, and diamonds. Rubber was used to make tires and factory belts and the palm oil was used for machinery. Competition grew between European powers over who would get what territory and resources. The Scramble for Africa led to the Berlin Conference because the European powers formed rivalries over the division of Africa.