the capital of the Muslim empire was transferred to Damascus. Mauwiya is credited with raising a strong army of Syrian soldiers which was used to expand Muslim authority east into Khorasan and west into North Africa.
Period: Jan 1, 673 to Jan 1, 677
Siege of Constantinople
Unsuccessful three-year siege of Constantinople
Period: Jan 1, 705 to Jan 1, 717
Walid I and Sulayman
These are the two sons of Abd al-Malik. During these brothers' reigns, the empire expanded westward to Morocco and Spain, and eastward to Transoxiana.
Period: Jan 1, 720 to Jan 1, 724
He caused a renewal of the hostilities between the Qaysites and the Kalbites by openly favoring the the Qaysites.
Period: Jan 1, 724 to Jan 1, 743
The Muslim empire reached the limits of its expansion.
Jan 1, 740
Rebellion of Zayd b. Ali
Showed the discontent with the Umayyad Empire.
Jan 1, 740
Berber Revolts in North Africa
This revolt effectively cut off what is today Morocco and Spain from Umayyad rule.
Period: Jan 1, 744 to Jan 1, 750
Marwan !! Rule
Marwan II attempted to restore order, but by this time the Abbasid revolutionary movement had gained a ton of power in the eastern provinces of the empire.
Jan 1, 750
Massacre of Umayyad Empire
All but one of the Umayyad's were killed in this massacre.
Ibn al-Zubayr Defeated
Ibn al-Zubayr was the cause of many rebellions during Yarid's reign.
Yazid's reign was filled with rebellions led by Husayn b. Ali at Kerbala and Ibn al- Zubayr at Mecca.
Civil war broke out between two Arab groups, the Qaysites and the Kalbites.
Period: to Jan 1, 705
Abd al-Malik's Rule
Order was restored to Iraq and Arabia. Arabic was made the official language in the Empire.