Timeline of British history

  • Period: 1534 to 1547

    Reign of Henry VII

    King of Engand and Ireland. Initiated the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from Rome and paving the way for Protestantism even if he remained Catholic his entire life.
  • Nov 3, 1534

    Act of Supremacy

    Act of Supremacy
    Henry VII became the Supreme Head of the Church of England, severing ecclesiastical links with Rome, marking the begining of the Schism.
  • Period: 1536 to 1540

    The dissolution of monasteries

    Monasteries were disbanded and the Crown appropriated their property to redistributate it, following the decision of separation with the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1539

    The Great Bible

    The Great Bible
    The first authorised edition of Bible of the Church of England in English.
  • May 12, 1543

    Act for the Advancement of True Religion

    Act for the Advancement of True Religion
    The reading of the Bible was restricted to the clerics, noblemen, the gentry and the richer merchants.
  • 1547

    Repeal of the Act for the Advancement of True Religion

    Repeal of the Act for the Advancement of True Religion
    The Act that limited the reading of the Bible was repealed.
  • Period: 1547 to 1553

    Reign of Edward VI

    King of England, son of Henry VIII and Jeanne Seymour. He and his protectors passed Protestant policies and massively extended Protestantism.
  • 1549

    The Book of Common Prayer

    The Book of Common Prayer
    Publication of the Book of Common Prayer. It represented a significant shift towards Protestantism.
  • Period: 1553 to 1558

    Reign of Mary I

    "Bloody Mary", the first Queen of England. Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. She restored Catholism in England especially by exectuing protestants. .
  • 1554

    Reunification with Rome

    Reunification with Rome
    Restaured Catholism in England by reorganising the bond with Rome.
  • 1554

    Marriage with Philip II of Spain

    Marriage with Philip II of Spain
    An unpopular marriage in England that, however, made her ally with Spain in the war against France.
  • Period: 1555 to 1558

    Bloody Mary

    Protestants were burned alive or were forced to leave the country (time of the "Marian persecutions"). Mary I was nicknamed "Bloody Mary".
  • 1558

    The Act of Supremacy

    The Act of Supremacy
    Elizabeth I declared herself supreme Governor of the Church of England. She restored her autority over the Church by abolishing the Pope's.
  • Period: 1558 to

    Reign of Elisabeth I

    Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She tried to soothe the religious divisions created by Mary I and set up a Second Reformation.
  • 1559

    The Act of Uniformity

    The Act of Uniformity
    This Act made Protestantism England’s official faith and regularised prayer, using the Book of Common Prayer.
  • Period: 1563 to 1571

    The 39 articles of faith

    These articles, part of the Book of Common Prayer, are the essential practices and doctrines codified, still in use today.
  • 1569

    The Northern rebellion

    The Northern rebellion
    The Rising of the North was the attempt by Catholic nobles from Northern England to replace Queen Elizabeth I with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1570

    Excommunication of Elizabeth I

    Excommunication of Elizabeth I
    Pope Pius V excommunicated the Queen for heresy.
  • Period: to

    War against Spain.

    Defeat of the Spanish Armada, guided by the devoted catholic Philip of Spain, against the Kingdom of England
  • Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

    Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
    She was sentenced to death because of complotting with a group of Catholics against Queen Elizabeth I, after fleeing to England.
  • The Union Jack flag

    The Union Jack flag
    The Union Jack flag is created for British ships, it combines the flags of England and Scotland.
  • Period: to

    Reign of James I

    James I of England and James VI of Scotland.Son of Mary, Queen of Scots. He unified the thrones of Scotland and England following the death of Queen Elizabeth I. He was monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland.
  • Period: to

    The Stuarts

  • The Gunpowder Plot

    The Gunpowder Plot
    A conspiracy devised by a small pro-Catholic conspirators to blow up Parliament and kill James I.
  • The Great Contract

    The Great Contract
    Financial reform ; a plan submitted by James I and Parliament. An attempt to increase Crown income and rid it of debt.
  • The King James' Bible

    The King James' Bible
    A new edition of the bible written by the new King James I.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Charles I

    King of England, Scotland and Ireland. He believed in the divine right of kings, and was determined to govern according to his own conscience.
  • Petition of Rights

    Petition of Rights
    Parliament asked Charles I to recognize illegality of martial laws and punishment without trial. He accepted the petition but was furious because it was a way for Parliament to make him admit the limits of his power.
  • The three Resolutions

    The three Resolutions
    Anyone who would promote Arminianism or anyone who would try to alter the Protestant practices in the Church of England is an enemy to England. Les to the personal rule of Charles I.
  • Period: to

    The Personal Rule

    The Personal Rule or the Eleven Years' Tyranny. When he ruled without recourse to Parliament. The King claimed that he was entitled to do this under the Royal Prerogative.
  • The New Prayer Book

    The New Prayer Book
    The 1637 Book of Common Prayer.
  • Period: to

    The Scottish crisis

    The Scottish crisis caused the end of the Personal Rule and the outbreak of the Civil war.
  • Period: to

    Wars of the Three Kingdoms

  • Treaty of Ripon

    Treaty of Ripon
    Scott’s victory. Asked Charles I to pay the cost of their army.
  • The Grand Remonstrance

    The Grand Remonstrance
    Execution of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, and William Laud, two of the king’s closest ministers and suppression of the Star Chamber Court and the Court of High Commission.
  • Period: to

    Irish Confederate Wars

    The Irish Rebellion is the first stage of the Irish Confederate Wars and part of the wider Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
  • Edgehill

    The first battle. The Royalist weren’t able to take London and defeat the Parliamentarians.
  • Period: to

    1st Civil War

    Took place in England and Wales.
  • Solemn League and Convenant

    Solemn League and Convenant
    An agreement between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians
  • A Directory for the Publique Worship of God

    A Directory for the Publique Worship of God
    The Directory for Public Worship is a liturgical manual produced by the Westminster Assembly to replace the Book of Common Prayer. Approved by the Parliament of England and Scotland, the year after.
  • Marston moor

    Marston moor
    The combined forces of the English Parliamentarians under Lord Fairfax and the Earl of Manchester and the Scottish Covenanters under the Earl of Leven defeated the Royalists commanded by Prince Rupert of the Rhine and the Marquess of Newcastle.
  • Naseby

    Near the village of Naseby in Northamptonshire. The Parliamentarian New Model Army, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell, destroyed the main Royalist army under Charles I and Prince Rupert.
  • The King in prison

    The King in prison
    The king had been made prisoner by the Scots after surrendering.
  • Putney debates

    Putney debates
    A series of discussions over the political settlement that should follow Parliament's victory over Charles I.
  • Pride’s purge

    Pride’s purge
    Soldiers prevented members of Parliament considered hostile to the New Model Army from entering the House of Commons of England.
  • The Battle of Preston

    The Battle of Preston
    Fought largely at Walton-le-Dale near Preston in Lancashire, resulted in a victory for the New Model Army under the command of Oliver Cromwell over the Royalists and Scots commanded by the Duke of Hamilton. The Parliamentarian victory presaged the end of the Second English Civil War.
  • Period: to

    2nd Civil War

    It took place between February to August 1648 in England and Wales.
  • Abolition of the Monarchy

    Abolition of the Monarchy
    The abolition of the House Of Lords and the Monarchy led to England being declared a Commonwealth.
  • Period: to

    The Commonwealth

  • Period: to

    Oliver Cromwell

    Head of state. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1553 to 1558.
  • Period: to

    The Interregnum

    The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
  • The execution of Charles I

    The execution of Charles I
    He was beheaded outside the Banqueting House on Whitehall. The execution was the culmination of political and military conflicts between the royalists and the parliamentarians in England during the English Civil War, leading to the capture and trial of Charles I, the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The parliamentarian High Court of Justice declared the sentence.
  • Period: to

    3rd Civil War

  • Period: to

    The Protectorate

    The Protectorate was the period during which England and Wales, Scotland, Ireland and the English overseas possessions were governed by a Lord Protector as a republic. The Protectorate began with the dissolution of the Rump Parliament
  • Battle of Dunbar

    Battle of Dunbar
    The first major battle of the 1650 invasion of Scotland.
    English troops, commanded by Oliver Cromwell, defeated the Scottish army.
  • Declaration of Breda

    Declaration of Breda
    Charles II promised a pardon for the crimes committed during the English Civil War and the Interregnum.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Charles II

  • The Test Acts

    The Test Acts
    All officers had to take the Oath of Supremacy as well as subscribe to a declaration against transubstantiation.
  • Period: to

    Reign of James II

  • The Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights
    It established the doctrine of Parliamentary supremacy, meaning that Parliament became the supreme source of law-making over the monarch and the courts. It was illegal to prosecute anyone in the courts unless it was by the authority of Parliament.
  • Period: to

    Reign of William II and Mary II as co-monarchs

  • The Act of Settlement

    The Act of Settlement
    An Act passed to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Anne of England

  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    Passed by the English and Scottish Parliaments. Led to the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain.