Timeline HB

By _clemm_
  • Period: 1509 to 1547

    Henry VIII's reign

    He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon but the Pope didn't accept so he separated from the Pope and createda new church of England where he was the leader.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    The Ninety-Five Theses

    The Ninety-Five Theses
    Martin Luther wrote the Ninety-five theses to critisize the indulgences (believers payed them to achieve salvation) he nailed this text on the door of the University in Wittenberg. He was excomunicated for this act but with this, he started the Reformation
  • 1526

    Tyndale Bible

    Tyndale Bible
    William Tyndale translated the New Testament into the vernacular english, so every-one could read it.
  • 1534

    Act of Supremacy - the Schism

    Act of Supremacy - the Schism
    Henry VIII made himself 'Supreme Head of the Church of England'. He then separated the church of England from the
    Roman Catholic Church.
  • Period: 1536 to 1537

    The Pilgrimage of Grace

    Rebellion of the English people against the monarch, it wa sthe greatest rebellion an English monarch had ever faced.
    It lasted 6 months.
  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    the Council of Trent

    The Roman catholic church tried to stop some of the abuses of the Anglican church.
  • Period: 1547 to 1553

    Ecward VI's reign

    He pushed England towards protestantism.
  • 1549

    Book of the Common Prayer

    Book of the Common Prayer
    The mass-book was replaced by this book.
  • Period: 1553 to 1558

    Mary I's reign

    She restored catholicism in 18 months and burned to the stake around 200 protestant heretics
  • Period: 1558 to

    Elizabeth I's reign

  • 1559

    Act of Supremacy 2

    Act of Supremacy 2
    Elizabeth I did like her father and abolished for the second time the authority of the Pope, and made herself 'Supreme Governor of the Church of England'
  • 1559

    Act of Uniformity

    Act of Uniformity
    Every parish had to use the book of the common prayer and if they didn't attend an anglican service, they were fined.
  • Period: 1563 to 1571

    The 39 articles of faith

    Applied a new doctrine of the church with 3 important changes :
    - new ecclesiology
    - new doctrine of Salvation
    - new definition of sacraments and of the mass
  • 1569

    The Northern Rebellion

    People were not happy with the changes Elizabeth I did in the Anglican church, the insurgents tried to replace the Queen with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1570

    The Papal Bull

    The Papal Bull
    Pope Pius V excomunicated the Queen in this text.
  • 1581

    The 1581 Act

    It was now legal for a catholic person to be sentenced to death beacause of their religion, and forbidden to participate in catholic mass.
  • The Babington Plot

    The Babington Plot
    A plot to kill Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary Stuart, who participated in this plot and was discovered.
  • The Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

    The Execution of Mary Queen of Scots
    After she was discovered ploting against Elizabeth I, she was executed.
  • The defeat of the Spanish Armada

    The defeat of the Spanish Armada
    The Armada was known for being invicible yet it was defeated thanks to Elizabeth's changes in the english fleet. The conflict started because Elizabeth I supported the Dutch Revolt against Spain. Dutch are fiercly protestants.
  • Period: to

    James I's reign

    He was spending money very fastly, in unimportant things like a double supper. England inheritated a great debt after his reign.
  • Gunpowder Plot

    Gunpowder Plot
    A group of catholics wanted to blow up parliament but it wasn't a success.
  • Establishment of Jamestown in Virginia

  • Period: to

    The Starving Rime

    A period of starvation where colonists didn't have enough food. Only 60 out of 500 survived
  • Plymouth colony

  • Period: to

    Charles I's reign

    A crisis developped during his reign, increasing the debt of the country and he had many problems with Parliament.
  • Petition of rights

    Members of Parliament wrote a complain text saying that they wanted the King to recognise the limits of his rights and powers.
  • Period: to

    Personal Rule

    The King Charles I governed alone without parliament because he disolved Parliament.
  • Maryland colony

  • Period: to

    The scottish crisis

    Charles I tried to bring the chruch of Scotland and the Church of England together. the Scottish people weren't happy and started a Riot.
  • The Short Parliament

    Charles needed mone to fight the Scots, so he called a Parliament for the first time in eleven years, breaking the personal rule. He disolved it after three weeks.
  • Period: to

    The long Parliament

    Charles had to pay the scot army after they invaded England so he had to call Parliament again. This Parliament wasn't disolved until 1660.
  • The Grand Remonstrance

    The Grand Remonstrance
    Parliament voted this text containing revolutionnary demands, it stated that the House of commons could choose the King's ministers, Parliament could reform the church and controlled every army sent to Ireland.
  • Period: to

    English Civil Wars

    From 1643 to 1646, the Parliament was victorious thanks to the new model army and other things, the king surrendered but the New model army seized him to claim the money Parliament promised them but didn't give them. The King escaped and allied with the Scots, but were defeated by Cromwell.
    This led to the execution of the King
  • Charles declaring War on Parliament

    Charles declaring War on Parliament
  • Period: to

    The Interregnum

    After Charles I's death, England didn't want to be ruled by royalty so it was declared a commonwealth.
    Cromwell ruled it with other people, it was the Cromwellian Protectorate.
  • Period: to

    The Commonwealth

  • Execution of Charles I

    Execution of Charles I
  • The Instrument of Government

    The Instrument of Government
    England's first and only constitution written under Cromwell's Protectorate
  • Period: to

    The Cormwellian Protectorate

    Cromwell was the head of England
  • Declaration of Breda

    Declaration of Breda
    Charles II issued it promising general pardon for the murder of his father and saying he will help England if he was ruling it as King
  • Period: to

    Charles II's reign

  • The Restoration

    The Restoration
    Charles II was made King of England
  • New Amsterdam became New York

  • The Plague

  • The Greay Fire of London

    The Greay Fire of London
  • Period: to

    The execution crisis

    The only heir of Charles was his brother but the problem is that he was catholic, so Parliament tried to debar James II from the succession.
  • Pennsylvania colony

  • Period: to

    James II's reign

  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    James was old and had no direct heir so the next King wouls be protestant, if only his wife didn't have a son ! So the Parliament invited William of Orange (husband of James' daughter) to invade England and seize the crown to replace James II. It was successfull.
    William became William III
  • Period: to

    William III's reign

  • The Bill of Rights

    A text stating James' misdeeds, fixing limits to the sovereign's power, stating the Parliament's rights, and basic civil rights.
  • The Act of Settlement

    An act certifying a protestant succession to England.
  • The Act of Union

    The Act of Union
    Creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain by unifying England (plus Wales) and Scotland
  • Period: to

    George I's reign

  • The 1715 Jacobite Rising

    Jacobites were loyal to the Stuarts and weren't happy with William's assension to being King of England.
    It was led by James II's son, called the "Old Prentender".
  • Period: to

    Georges II's reign

  • The 1745 Jacobite Rising

    This one was led by James II's grandson, the "Young Pretender"
  • The final defeat of the Jacobites

  • Period: to

    The Seven Years War

    Britain and Spain fought for Florida and Britain won it
  • Period: to

    Georges III's reign

  • Period: to

    American War od Independance

  • American Revolution

    It started with the Declaration of Independance in 1776
    And made official in 1783 by the Treaty of Paris.
  • Act of Union

    The United Kingdom unified itself with Ireland by merging their parliaments.
  • Period: to

    Georges IV's reign