Victorian era womens dresses

England from 1534 to 1801

  • Period: 1509 to 1547

    Henry VIII's reign

  • 1517

    Martin Luther writing the Ninety-Five Theses

    Martin Luther writing the Ninety-Five Theses
    Luther nailed his devastating critique of the Indulgences to the door of the University in Wittenberg.
  • 1526

    The Tyndale Bible

    The Tyndale Bible
    William Tyndale translated the New Testament (the bible) into English.
  • 1533

    Act in Restraint of Appeals

    This Act gave the King the legal power to annul marriages (and marry Anne Boleyn)
  • 1534

    Act of Supremacy

    The king was made “Supreme Head of the Church of England" and that is when the schism happened. The King’s Great Matter had led England to break from the Roman Catholic Church!
  • Period: 1547 to 1553

    Edward VI's reign

    He was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
  • 1549

    The publication of the Book of Common Prayer

    The protestant Revision of the mass-book, led to the publication of the Book of Common Prayer.
  • Period: 1553 to 1558

    Mary I's reign

    She was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. And the first Queen regnant.
  • Period: 1555 to 1558

    Bloody Mary

    She restored Catholicism in 18 months. Protestants were burned:200 Protestants went to the stake.
  • Period: 1558 to

    Elizabeth's reign

    She had to appease religious tensions after 25 years of religious
  • 1559

    The Act of Supremacy

    She became “Supreme Governor of the Church of England”.
  • Period: 1563 to 1571

    The 39 articles of faith

    Anew conception of the church was brought which retained Catholic features and adopted new Protestant ones.
  • 1570

    The Pope excommunicated Elizabeth

     The Pope excommunicated Elizabeth
    Pope Pius V issued the papal bull “Regnans in
    Excelsis” which excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I.
  • The Babington plot

    Young Catholics wanted to kill Elizabeth and put Mary
    Stuart on the throne but their strategies were discovered.
  • The execution of Mary Queen of Scots

    The execution of Mary Queen of Scots
    Mary Queen of Scots was convicted for complicity and sentenced to death.
  • The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    The Defeat of the Spanish Armada
    The King of Spain attempted to invade England but failed.
  • Period: to

    James I's reign

    He was the son of Mary Queen of Scots (who had been executed by Elizabeth).

    A conspiracy devised by a small group of Catholics to blow up Parliament and kill James I.

    The King could've received a fixed sum from the Parliament but the Parliament refused because it would have made him "financially independent" : James dismissed Parliament.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' war

    England at war with Spain and France which led to a huge strain on finances and impacts on the local population.
  • Period: to

    Charles I's reign

  • Petition of Rights

    The Parliament requested the King to recognise his wrongdoings but the King declared the adjournment of the session. The Members of Parliament did not let the Speaker of the House put an end to the discussion
  • Three Resolutions

    The Parliament declared that whoever tried to bring in “Popery or Arminianism” was an enemy of the Kingdom
    as well as anyone advising the King to collect custom duties without Parliament’s consent
  • Period: to

    The Personal Rule

    The King ruled without calling a parliament for 11 years after the Parliament had commited an act of open defiance.
  • Period: to

    The Scottish crisis

    The introduction of the New Prayer Book set Scotland aflame as they were calvinist. The changes were deemed unacceptable. It led to a riot which turned into a widespread rebellion known as the Bishops’ Wars.
  • The Irish Rebellion

    The Irish Rebellion
    An armed revolt broke out in Ireland because James I had implemented a plantation policy which consisted of sending English and Scottish protestant colonists to Ireland, taking the lands of Irish Catholics.
  • Charles I marched into the House of Commons with troops

    Charles I marched into the House of Commons with troops
    Charles I believed that John Pym and 4 other MPs were plotting against the Queen. He then formally declared war on Parliament.
  • Period: to

    The First Civil War

    The King and the Royalists surrendered.
  • Period: to

    The Second Civil War

    The Second Civil War was made of a series of revolts in the South of England, Wales and Scotland.
  • England was declared a Commonwealth

    Monarchy and House of Lords abolished.
  • Period: to

    The Interregnum

    Between 2 reigns.
  • Period: to

    The Commonwealth

  • Period: to

    Charles II's reign

    He was proclaimed king of Scotland after his father’s execution.
  • King Charles I's execution

    King Charles I's execution
  • The end of the Commonwealth

    Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament and started the Protectorate.
  • The Instrument of Government

    England’s first and only written constitution.
  • Period: to

    The Cromwellian Protectorate

    The Protectorate was a MILITARY DICTATORSHIP, similar to a monarchy without a King.
  • Cromwell's death

    Cromwell's death
    This led to a period of Anarchy.
  • The Declaration of Breda.

    Charles made promises to return to monarchy.
  • Period: to

    The early restoration of monarchy

  • The outbreak of Plague

    The outbreak of Plague
  • The Great Fire of London

    The Great Fire of London
  • Charles II's death

  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    The King’s son in law invaded England and seized the crown.
  • The Bill of Rights

    It limited the monarch’s power for the first time.
  • Act of Union between England and Scotland

    A single kingdom commposed of England, the Wales and Scotland.