Timeline

  • 3966 BCE

    Creation

    The beginning of the world.
  • 3300 BCE

    Indus River Valley Civilization

    The first urban settlements appear in the Indus Valley.
  • 3000 BCE

    Mayan Empire

    Mayan Empire
    The Mayas were a highly advanced civilization, and they were best known for their invention of the calendar.
  • 3000 BCE

    Mesopotamia

    Cradle of Civilization
  • 3000 BCE

    The Minoans

    Considered as one of the first civilizations, the Minoans were located on the island of Crete.
  • 2600 BCE

    Harappa and Mohenjo-daro

    Harappa and Mohenjo-daro emerge as major cities
  • 2300 BCE

    Indus Trade

    Indus trading expands to Mesopotamia and beyond.
  • 1990 BCE

    Pyramids

    The first appearance of pyramids.
  • 1950 BCE

    The Decline of the Sumerians

    The Sumerians are attacked by the Elamites and Amorites.
  • 1750 BCE

    Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi, king of the Amorites, writes his code of law.
  • 1750 BCE

    The Mycenaeans

    The Mycenaean civilization was a part of the last phase of the Bronze Age.
  • 1700 BCE

    Ottoman Empire Ends.

    The Ottoman Empire experiences a decline in power, bringing its reign to an end.
  • 1453 BCE

    The Byzantine Empire Ends.

    The Byzantine Empire comes to an end from the Ottoman Turkish invasions.
  • 1400 BCE

    The Incas

    The Incas
    The Incas were an advanced Mesoamerican civilization in Peru; they created an official language, formed a government, and began building Machu Picchu.
  • 1345 BCE

    The Aztecs

    The Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, was established on Lake Texcoco in this year.
  • 1235 BCE

    The Mali Empire

    The Mali Empire
    The Mali Empire was founded by Sundiata and became known throughout the world because of Mansa Musa.
  • 1200 BCE

    Ottoman Empire Begins.

    The Ottoman Empire rises to power.
  • 1200 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmecs were one of the earliest major Mesoamerican civilizations.
  • 1054 BCE

    The Great Schism

    The split between the western Catholic and eastern Orthodox churches.
  • 1000 BCE

    Bantu Migration

    The Bantu people migrate from West Africa; this was one of the largest migrations in human history.
  • 1000 BCE

    Swahili City-States

    Swahili City-States
    The Swahili city-states were located on the coast of East Africa, and they traded frequently across the Indian Ocean.
  • 1000 BCE

    The First of Greece's Civilizations.

    Greece's first civilization may have been established in 1000 BC.
  • 753 BCE

    The Beginning of Rome.

    As legend tells it, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC.
  • 750 BCE

    The Ghana Empire

    A powerful empire that ruled over parts of West Africa.
  • 725 BCE

    The Odyssey

    The Odyssey
    The Odyssey is a collection of Ancient Greek epic poems.
  • 610 BCE

    Islam Is Created

    Islam is created and practiced by Muslims.
  • 610 BCE

    26th Dynasty of Egypt

    Necho II established the 26th dynasty, and he was also a huge factor in the histories of the Judah Kingdom, Babylonia, and the Assyrian Empire.
  • 570 BCE

    Muhammed is born.

    Muhammed, the prophet of Islam, is born.
  • 476 BCE

    The Fall of Rome.

    The Western Empire of Rome falls.
  • 404 BCE

    The 28th Dynasty of Egypt

    Amyrtaeus of Sais established the 28th dynasty; in addition to expelling the Persians.
  • 395 BCE

    The Byzantine Empire Begins.

    The Byzantine Empire begins.
  • 384 BCE

    Aristotle

    Aristotle was a philosopher who also wrote many things covering science, economics, politics, and arts.
  • 356 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    One of the greatest rulers of that time, Alexander conquered many lands and accomplished numerous military victories.
  • 343 BCE

    The 31st Dynasty

    The Persians reconquer Egypt; leading up to the 31st dynasty.
  • 331 BCE

    Alexandria, Egypt

    The thriving city of Alexandria is founded by Alexander the Great.
  • 280 BCE

    Constantine

    Constantine was born around this time and went on to become emperor of Rome. He eventually split the Roman Empire into the Western Empire and the Byzantine Empire.
  • 146 BCE

    The Battle of Corinth

    The Battle of Corinth greatly contributed to the fall of Rome, and it was fought between the Greek city-state of Corinth and Rome.
  • 146 BCE

    The Fall of Greece

    Ancient Greece falls into the hands of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 58 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Caesar begins his conquest of Gaul (modern France).
  • 27 BCE

    Augustus

    Augustus
    Augustus was the first roman emperor and created a dynasty that lasted for approximately three centuries.
  • 4 BCE

    Jesus

    The birth of Jesus, the Messiah.
  • 400

    The Beginning of the Middle Ages

    The Beginning of the Middle Ages
    The Middle Ages was a period of progression, including economic and social growth.
  • 500

    Dark Ages

    The Dark Ages was a time of warfare and very little progression in Medieval Europe.
  • 509

    Clovis I Unites the Franks

    Clovis I Unites the Franks
    Clovis I unites all of the Franks under one ruler.
  • 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours
    The Battle of Tours was fought between the Franks and the Umayyad invaders; it became a decisive victory over the Umayyads for the Franks.
  • 800

    Charlemagne Becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

    Charlemagne Becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
    Charlemagne was the first emperor to be the leader of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1096

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade to the Holy Land takes place, called into action by Pope Urban II.
  • 1206

    The Mongol Empire

    The Mongol Empire
    The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan.
  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta was a document signed that limited the king's rights and became known as a document containing English constitutional practice.
  • 1300

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire is founded by Osman I.
  • 1307

    The Start of the Hundred Years' War

    The Hundred Years' War begins; ending years later with the victory of the English.
  • 1347

    The Black Death

    Beginning from 1347 and lasting until 1351, the Black Death was a disease spread by fleas and rats that killed millions.
  • 1400

    The Renaissance Begins

    The Renaissance Begins
    The period of the Renaissance begins; a time where the focus of life was centered around humanism, rather than religion.
  • May 20, 1498

    Vasco De Gama Reaches India

    The Portuguese explorer Vasco De Gama becomes the first explorer to reach India by sea.
  • 1501

    Safavid Empire

    Safavid Empire
    Ismail I founds the Safavid Empire - also known as the Gunpowder Empire - located in Iran.
  • 1504

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Columbus makes 4 separate voyages in where he travels to the New World.
  • 1517

    The Reformation

    The Reformation
    The Reformation begins, sparked into action by Martin Luther's "95 Theses."
  • 1526

    Mughal Empire

    Mughal Empire
    The Mughal Empire was established by Babur after defeating the Delhi sultanate.
  • 1581

    The Eighty Years' War

    The Netherlands fight for their independence from Spain.
  • Quebec

    Quebec
    Quebec is founded by Samuel De Champlain.
  • English Civil War

    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a collection of wars between the Royalists and Parliamentarians.
  • The French and Indian War

    This war resulted in a British victory and the establishment of the Treaty of Paris.
  • American Revolution Starts

    The American Revolution begins, laying the pathway for the American Revolutionary War.
  • James Cook

    Explorer who discovered the Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    This was a protest caused by the Sons of Liberty, and it helped influence the Tea Act.
  • The Start of the American Revolutionary War

    The Start of the American Revolutionary War
    George Washington's army went to war with the British, eventually winning in 1783.
  • The French Revolution Begins

    The French Revolution takes place, ending with the establishment of the French Consulate and sparking the Reign of Terror.
  • Napoleon

    Napoleon
    A famous military leader, Napoleon conducted many successful military advances and was an emperor to France.
  • Haitian Revolution

    The Haitians (made up of many African American slaves) overthrew the French Regime.
  • Opium Wars

    The Opium Wars were fought between China and Britain over the trade of Opium.
  • Open Door Policy

    Commodore Perry visits Japan to settle a treaty with the Japanese and establish ports.
  • Treaty of Kanagawa

    Treaty of Kanagawa
    The Treaty of Kanagawa opened Japan from its seclusion and enabled trade between the U.S. and Japan.
  • Taiping Rebellion

    Taiping Rebellion
    The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China; resulting in the deaths of 20 to 30 million people.
  • Sun Yat-sen

    Sun Yat-sen
    Commonly called "Father of the Nation" by the Chinese, Sun Yat-sen became the first president of China's Republic in 1911.
  • The Latin Americans Wars of Independence.

    Four major revolutions included during this time period took place in Mexico, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Cuba.