• 3966 BCE


    The beginning of the world.
  • 3300 BCE

    Indus River Valley Civilization

    The first urban settlements appear in the Indus Valley.
  • 3000 BCE

    Mayan Empire

    Mayan Empire
    The Mayas were a highly advanced civilization, and they were best known for their invention of the calendar.
  • 3000 BCE


    Cradle of Civilization
  • 3000 BCE

    The Minoans

    Considered as one of the first civilizations, the Minoans were located on the island of Crete.
  • 2600 BCE

    Harappa and Mohenjo-daro

    Harappa and Mohenjo-daro emerge as major cities
  • 2300 BCE

    Indus Trade

    Indus trading expands to Mesopotamia and beyond.
  • 1990 BCE


    The first appearance of pyramids.
  • 1950 BCE

    The Decline of the Sumerians

    The Sumerians are attacked by the Elamites and Amorites.
  • 1750 BCE

    Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi, king of the Amorites, writes his code of law.
  • 1750 BCE

    The Mycenaeans

    The Mycenaean civilization was a part of the last phase of the Bronze Age.
  • 1700 BCE

    Ottoman Empire Ends.

    The Ottoman Empire experiences a decline in power, bringing its reign to an end.
  • 1453 BCE

    The Byzantine Empire Ends.

    The Byzantine Empire comes to an end from the Ottoman Turkish invasions.
  • 1400 BCE

    The Incas

    The Incas
    The Incas were an advanced Mesoamerican civilization in Peru; they created an official language, formed a government, and began building Machu Picchu.
  • 1345 BCE

    The Aztecs

    The Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, was established on Lake Texcoco in this year.
  • 1235 BCE

    The Mali Empire

    The Mali Empire
    The Mali Empire was founded by Sundiata and became known throughout the world because of Mansa Musa.
  • 1200 BCE

    Ottoman Empire Begins.

    The Ottoman Empire rises to power.
  • 1200 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmecs were one of the earliest major Mesoamerican civilizations.
  • 1054 BCE

    The Great Schism

    The split between the western Catholic and eastern Orthodox churches.
  • 1000 BCE

    Bantu Migration

    The Bantu people migrate from West Africa; this was one of the largest migrations in human history.
  • 1000 BCE

    Swahili City-States

    Swahili City-States
    The Swahili city-states were located on the coast of East Africa, and they traded frequently across the Indian Ocean.
  • 1000 BCE

    The First of Greece's Civilizations.

    Greece's first civilization may have been established in 1000 BC.
  • 753 BCE

    The Beginning of Rome.

    As legend tells it, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC.
  • 750 BCE

    The Ghana Empire

    A powerful empire that ruled over parts of West Africa.
  • 725 BCE

    The Odyssey

    The Odyssey
    The Odyssey is a collection of Ancient Greek epic poems.
  • 610 BCE

    Islam Is Created

    Islam is created and practiced by Muslims.
  • 610 BCE

    26th Dynasty of Egypt

    Necho II established the 26th dynasty, and he was also a huge factor in the histories of the Judah Kingdom, Babylonia, and the Assyrian Empire.
  • 570 BCE

    Muhammed is born.

    Muhammed, the prophet of Islam, is born.
  • 476 BCE

    The Fall of Rome.

    The Western Empire of Rome falls.
  • 404 BCE

    The 28th Dynasty of Egypt

    Amyrtaeus of Sais established the 28th dynasty; in addition to expelling the Persians.
  • 395 BCE

    The Byzantine Empire Begins.

    The Byzantine Empire begins.
  • 384 BCE


    Aristotle was a philosopher who also wrote many things covering science, economics, politics, and arts.
  • 356 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    One of the greatest rulers of that time, Alexander conquered many lands and accomplished numerous military victories.
  • 343 BCE

    The 31st Dynasty

    The Persians reconquer Egypt; leading up to the 31st dynasty.
  • 331 BCE

    Alexandria, Egypt

    The thriving city of Alexandria is founded by Alexander the Great.
  • 280 BCE


    Constantine was born around this time and went on to become emperor of Rome. He eventually split the Roman Empire into the Western Empire and the Byzantine Empire.
  • 146 BCE

    The Battle of Corinth

    The Battle of Corinth greatly contributed to the fall of Rome, and it was fought between the Greek city-state of Corinth and Rome.
  • 146 BCE

    The Fall of Greece

    Ancient Greece falls into the hands of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 58 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Caesar begins his conquest of Gaul (modern France).
  • 27 BCE


    Augustus was the first roman emperor and created a dynasty that lasted for approximately three centuries.
  • 4 BCE


    The birth of Jesus, the Messiah.
  • 400

    The Beginning of the Middle Ages

    The Beginning of the Middle Ages
    The Middle Ages was a period of progression, including economic and social growth.
  • 500

    Dark Ages

    The Dark Ages was a time of warfare and very little progression in Medieval Europe.
  • 509

    Clovis I Unites the Franks

    Clovis I Unites the Franks
    Clovis I unites all of the Franks under one ruler.
  • 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours
    The Battle of Tours was fought between the Franks and the Umayyad invaders; it became a decisive victory over the Umayyads for the Franks.
  • 800

    Charlemagne Becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

    Charlemagne Becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
    Charlemagne was the first emperor to be the leader of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1096

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade to the Holy Land takes place, called into action by Pope Urban II.
  • 1206

    The Mongol Empire

    The Mongol Empire
    The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan.
  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta was a document signed that limited the king's rights and became known as a document containing English constitutional practice.
  • 1300

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire is founded by Osman I.
  • 1307

    The Start of the Hundred Years' War

    The Hundred Years' War begins; ending years later with the victory of the English.
  • 1347

    The Black Death

    Beginning from 1347 and lasting until 1351, the Black Death was a disease spread by fleas and rats that killed millions.
  • 1400

    The Renaissance Begins

    The Renaissance Begins
    The period of the Renaissance begins; a time where the focus of life was centered around humanism, rather than religion.
  • May 20, 1498

    Vasco De Gama Reaches India

    The Portuguese explorer Vasco De Gama becomes the first explorer to reach India by sea.
  • 1501

    Safavid Empire

    Safavid Empire
    Ismail I founds the Safavid Empire - also known as the Gunpowder Empire - located in Iran.
  • 1504

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Columbus makes 4 separate voyages in where he travels to the New World.
  • 1517

    The Reformation

    The Reformation
    The Reformation begins, sparked into action by Martin Luther's "95 Theses."
  • 1526

    Mughal Empire

    Mughal Empire
    The Mughal Empire was established by Babur after defeating the Delhi sultanate.
  • 1581

    The Eighty Years' War

    The Netherlands fight for their independence from Spain.
  • Quebec

    Quebec is founded by Samuel De Champlain.
  • English Civil War

    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a collection of wars between the Royalists and Parliamentarians.
  • The French and Indian War

    This war resulted in a British victory and the establishment of the Treaty of Paris.
  • American Revolution Starts

    The American Revolution begins, laying the pathway for the American Revolutionary War.
  • James Cook

    Explorer who discovered the Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    This was a protest caused by the Sons of Liberty, and it helped influence the Tea Act.
  • The Start of the American Revolutionary War

    The Start of the American Revolutionary War
    George Washington's army went to war with the British, eventually winning in 1783.
  • The French Revolution Begins

    The French Revolution takes place, ending with the establishment of the French Consulate and sparking the Reign of Terror.
  • Napoleon

    A famous military leader, Napoleon conducted many successful military advances and was an emperor to France.
  • Haitian Revolution

    The Haitians (made up of many African American slaves) overthrew the French Regime.
  • Opium Wars

    The Opium Wars were fought between China and Britain over the trade of Opium.
  • Open Door Policy

    Commodore Perry visits Japan to settle a treaty with the Japanese and establish ports.
  • Treaty of Kanagawa

    Treaty of Kanagawa
    The Treaty of Kanagawa opened Japan from its seclusion and enabled trade between the U.S. and Japan.
  • Taiping Rebellion

    Taiping Rebellion
    The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China; resulting in the deaths of 20 to 30 million people.
  • Sun Yat-sen

    Sun Yat-sen
    Commonly called "Father of the Nation" by the Chinese, Sun Yat-sen became the first president of China's Republic in 1911.
  • The Latin Americans Wars of Independence.

    Four major revolutions included during this time period took place in Mexico, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Cuba.