Sudan (1945-present)

  • Declarartion of Independence

    Declarartion of Independence
    Sudan decalred their independence from Anglo-Egyptian rule, which they had been under since 1898. This declaration caused ongoing conflict which escalated to a Civil War between the North and South. Conflict is heated due to differing views regarding nationalism (Ashigga Paty for unity with Egypt and the Umma Party who want Sudanese Independence) and religion ( Northern seen as superior to South).
  • Civil War begins

    Civil War begins
    The Civil War in the South begins, led by the Anya Nya Movement. The Anya Nya called for separtism, meaning they wish to seperate from Sudan due to religious, cultural and political reasons. Politically, Southern Sudan wishes to seperate primarily due to religion because the are Christian/ African and in Northern Sudan they are mostly Islam and Arabic. The Civil War is still going on today and costs nearly $4 million U.S. dollars a day, leaving Sudan as a whole in debt.
  • Jaafar al Nemeiri In Power

    Jaafar al Nemeiri In Power
    After a coup d'etat, Jaafar al Nemeri is put in power. This leads to further economic issue because he refuses to acknowledge the lack of agriculture production. Neimeri murders hundreds of civilians who speak and act out against him, causing more riots. In 1971 he executed the leaders of the Communist Party for going against him.
  • Oil Discovery

    Oil Discovery
    Oil discoveries in the South become a point of conflict between the North and South because while Southern prosperity rises, conflict worsens. Southern economy stregthens because they export oil and their production is vastly greater than their consumption. The North feels that they are entitled to some gains because, legally, Northern and Southern Sudan are one country. Sudan begins to export oil in 1999.
  • Numeiri Removed

    Numeiri Removed
    By the power of a military coup, President Nemeiri is removed and a civilian government assumes power, in hopes to restore peace. However, their hope does not become reality and just four years later Omar al- Bashir takes power in a military coup.
  • Al-Bashir Takes Power

    Al-Bashir Takes Power
    Al-Bashir and his Islamic Front (NIC) take power in a military coup. Heightens conflict between North and South because they disagree on who should be in control of disintegrating nation. During his rule, the Sudanese goverment is accused of palnning to assasinate Egypt's President Mubarak.
  • US launches Missile Attack

    US launches Missile Attack
    USA launches missle attack on chemical plant in Khartoum assumed to develop chemical weapons possibly in cooporation with the Al'Qaeeda terror network. Many civilians are killed in the attack. Sudanese government denies a connection to terror group.This heightens the conflict between the North and the South because more people are displaced and it further weakens the drowning economy.
  • Hunger, Famine and Flood

    Hunger, Famine and Flood
    Hunger and Famine affected 3 million people in March 2001 and in August 2001 because of the lack of agriculture. The Nile River flooded and left thousand of people homeless and struggling to survive.
  • Protocol Signed to End Civil War

    Protocol Signed to End Civil War
    The Government of Sudan (Pres. al-Bashir) and the SPLA (Sudanese People's Liberation Army) sign a protocol to end the Civil War. Unfortunately, the war still continues and has a great effect on northern Uganda. In addition, rebels rebel against gvernment, claiming they are not paying any atention to the rising situation in Darfur.
  • Darfur Rebellions

    Darfur Rebellions
    Two rebel groups that represent the African population in Darfur start a rebellion against the government as protest against neglection and surpression. Many declare that President Omar al-Bashir is to blame as he fabricates the truth and does nothing to stop the geoncide taking place.
  • Government Strike Down

    Government Strike Down
    Government army strikes down on uprising in Darfur, in Western Sudan. The government displaces nearly 100,000 people who seek refuse in Chad. Later, in March, the UN reports that systematic killings are taking place in villages in Darfur and names Drafur the worst humanitarian, but nothing happens. The people of Darfur feel hopeless, as they were promised aid but have yet too see the situation get better. More than 200,000 people have been killed.
  • Warrant for Minister and Janjaweed Leader

    Warrant for Minister and Janjaweed Leader
    ICC issuess arrest warrant for a minister and a Janjaweed militia leader suspected of Darfur war crimes. Janjaweed is a general term for gunmen in Sudan. At the same time, US President George W Bush announces fresh sanctions against Sudan.
  • UN Takeover of Darfur

    UN Takeover of Darfur
    The United Nations takes over Darfur peace force, in result of the UN Security Council approving a resolution authorizing a 26,000 strong force for Darfur in July of 2007. In early 2008, reported that more soldiers are neededin western Darfur. Despite all of the troops being sent to Darfur to surpress the rebellions, the genocide still continues to this day.
  • Call for Arrest of Bashir

    Call for Arrest of Bashir
    The International Criminal Court calls for the arrest of President Bashir for genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Unfortunately, he rejected the indictment and continues to harm his people who can do nothing but pray for a better future.
  • Ceasefire in Darfur

    Ceasefire in Darfur
    President Omar al-Bashir announes an immediate ceasefire in Darfur,but the two major rebel groups reject the move. They say taht they will stop fighting when the government agrees to share the power and wealth of the region. President Bashir does not comply to their request and the conflict carries on to this day. In result, the Sudanese Army sends more troops to the oil-rich South Kordofan state because the Darfur rebel groups plan to attack that area.
  • Darfur War Over?

    Darfur War Over?
    A UN military commander says that the war in Darfur is over, but there are still uprisings. Some people believe that an agreement has been reached, while others believe that the conflict is still ongoing.
  • Southern Sudan Independence

    Southern Sudan Independence
    People of Southern Sudan vote in favor of independence from Northern Sudan. The region is set to be independent on July 9, 2011. If, and when, they do seperate South Sudan will prosper due to their oil reserves while North Sudan struggles to support their economy and their people.
  • North and South Sudan Fight

    North and South Sudan Fight
    Government of South Sudan suspends talks with North Sudan because they believe they are plotting a coup d'etat to overthrow the government. This heighten the Civil War and pushes South Sudan closer to independence.