Ottoman, Safavid, Moghul, Africa empire

  • Jan 1, 1453

    Constantinople was taken over by the Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman empire was trying to expand their empire.
    The Ottoman Gov. was muslim. The Ottoman were more intersted in expandn their empire for wealth purpoes instead of religious reasoning.
  • Jan 1, 1483

    Babur (life span 1483-1530)

    He was the founder of the Moghul Dynasty. Son of Ferghana. He was 11 when he inherited the throne. He defeated Different Kings in India to create the Moghul Empire.
  • Sep 15, 1500

    Shah Isma'il (1500-1524)

    Founded the Safavid Empire
  • Jan 1, 1512

    Sultan Selim I (reigned 1512-1520)

    Sought territorial gains in east and south, gained controll of Palestine and Syria in 1517. This gave Ottoman control over most of the Arab world including Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Sueiman the Magnificent (reigned 1520-1566)

    Most powerful, conquered most of Hungary, he brilliently lead his armies against rulers in central Europe, he wsa a successful military commaner and a clever diplomat, he had a political alliance wiht the French. Seized the Serbian capital Belgrade. He attacked Vienna, but failed to take the city. He left behind coffee at Vienna which lead to its popularity in Europe. Failed to leave a worthy successor to his throne. his most beloved wife convinced him to make her son the successor.
  • Sep 6, 1522

    Magellan Voyage

    Portuguese ship Victoria landed in Seville. First voyage to circumnavigate the globe. 5 ships started the voysage but only one successfuly returned. Crew suffered form starvationa dn scurvy form traveling so long at sea
  • Jan 1, 1524

    Moghul Dynasty (1524-1857)

    Ruled most of India officially in the 16th and 17th centuries, expert horseman, raiders and conquers. THEY UNIFIED INDIA FOR THE FIRST TIME IN ABOUT 1000 YEARS
  • Dec 1, 1524

    Tamask I (reigned 1524-1576)

  • Jan 1, 1526

    1st Battle of Panipat

    Babur defeated the Afghan KIng of Delhi. Babur had cannons and guns which allowed him to win
  • Sep 15, 1530

    Humayun (reigned 1530-1556)

    Son of Bahur
    Driven out of India by one of his fathers generals and becasme a fugitive in Persia, Alcholic, bad leader
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Ottoman and Safavid arrange a treaty

    Suleiman had conquered Tabriz but had trouble maintaining it so he made a treaty with the Safavids. Suleiman retained Iraq and had to give up the northern Persian properties.
  • Sep 15, 1556

    Akbar (reigned 1556-1605)

    Humayun son, grandfather was Babur
    Fought against the Afghan King at the second Battle of Panipat and he won. this helped him regain his family fortunes.
  • Jan 1, 1557

    2nd Battle of Panipat

    Akbar vs. The Afghan King, Akbar won
  • Jan 1, 1566

    Peek of Ottoman Empire

    Suleiman the Magnificent dies
    Selim II obtains the throne (uncapable, alcholic)
    They controlled: Hungary, Balkan Peninsula, Territory around the Black Sea, Anatolian Peninsula, Arab Territories bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea adn the Red Sea, Egypt, northern Sudan, Most of the islands int the Eastern Mediterranean including Rhodes and Crete, and the costal areas of North Africa east of Morocco
  • Jan 1, 1566

    Selim II Came to Power after Death of Suleiman

    alcholic, proved to be unworthy of the throne, the military suffered under his rule, they were defeated by the Habsburgs (Austrian dynasty)
  • Jan 1, 1571

    The Battle of Lepanto

    Habsburgs and the Italian city-tates crushed Ottoman fleet
  • Jan 1, 1575

    Selimiye Mosque in Edirne was finsihed

    Located outside Istanbul, Sinan's masterpiece
  • Shah Abbas the Great (reigned 1587-1629)

    Height of Safavid Empire was reached under his rule. He was an autocrat who rulled with an iron hand, he left no able successor.
  • Famine (1594-1598)

  • Jahangir (reigned 1605-1627)

    Akbar son good ruler had a son named Shah Jahan
  • Shah Jahan (reigned 1627-1657)

    Built the Taj Mahal for his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal. He was Jahangir son. One of his sons revolted in 1657 and siezed the throne from him. He was then imprisoned by his son until he died.
  • Shivaji (life span 1627-1680)

  • Famine (1630-1632)

  • Aurangzeb (reigned 1659-1707)

    Seized throne from his father, Shah Jahan, and killed all of his brothers. strictly pro-muslim and anti-hindu. He persecuted people who practiced Hindu.
  • Persians captured and looted Delhi

  • Nader Shah assasinated

    This ends the Safavid Dynasty
  • Moghul Empire lost all effective power