Mueggenborg Unit 3: 1450-1750

  • Period: Mar 4, 1394 to Nov 13, 1460

    Henry the Navigator

    Junio prince of the Kingdom of Portugal and an important figure in the days of the Portuguese Empire. Responsible for early development of european exploration and maritime trade with other continents.
  • Period: Oct 31, 1451 to May 20, 1506

    Christopher Columbus

    An explorer, colonizer, and navigator from the Republic of Genoa, whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. He explored on 4 voyages and attempted to establish a settlement on the island of Hispaniola. He initiated the process of Spanish colonization which foreshadowed general European colonization of the "New World".
  • Period: Apr 25, 1460 to Dec 24, 1524

    Vasco de Gama

    He was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. He was governor of Portuguese India under the title of Viceroy.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1471 to Jun 26, 1541

    Francisco Pizarro

    A spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire and the founder of Lima
  • Period: Apr 25, 1480 to Apr 27, 1521

    Ferdinand Magellan

    was a Portuguese explorer. He served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands." The first to cross the Pacific and the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean. He also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth,
  • Period: Feb 23, 1483 to Jan 5, 1531


    Was a military adventurer from Central Asia who rose to power at Kabul after establishing his first kingdom in 1504. From there he built an army and conquered nearby regions until 1526, when he invaded the Lodi Afghan Empire of South Asia and laid the basis for the Mughal Empire. Babur was a descendant of Timur through his father, and Genghis Khan through his mother.
  • Period: Apr 18, 1485 to Dec 2, 1547

    Hernan Cortes

    A spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. He was part of the generation that first started the spanish colonization in the Americas.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1492 to

    Columbian Exchange

    was a dramatically widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres (Old World and New World). was one of the most significant events concerning ecology, agriculture, and culture in all of human history.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    Was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. They ruled one of the greatest Persian empires since the Muslim conquest of Persia and established the Twelver school of Shi'a Islam as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning points in Muslim history.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1517 to

    Prtoestan Reformation

    Was the European Christian reform movement that established Protestantism as a constituent branch of contemporary Christianity, led by Martin Luther, John calvin and other early Protestants. Catholics responded with a Counter-Reformation, led by Jesuit order. Northern Europe (except for Ireland and parts of Britain) turned Protestand and south Europe remained Catholic.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

    Was an imperial power in South Asia that ruled a large portion of the Indian subcontinent: extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1543 to

    Scientific Revolution

    was a period when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences led to a rejection of doctrines that had prevailed starting in Ancient Greece and continuing through the Middle Ages, and laid the foundation of modern science. It began in Europe and countinued through the Enlightenment period, late 1800's)
  • Period: Oct 6, 1552 to

    Matteo Ricci

    Was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th-18th centuries. His current title is Servant of God.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to


    Was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher. He improved the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism.
    "father of modern observational astronomy",
    "father of modern physics",
    "father of science"
    "the Father of Modern Science"
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa shogunate

    Was a feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family. The Tokugawa shogunate ruled from Edo Castle from 1603 until 1868, when it was abolished during the Meiji Restoration.
  • Period: to

    thirty Years War

    WNaval warfare also reached overseas and shaped the colonial formation of future nations. Naval warfare also reached overseas and shaped the colonial formation of future nations.
  • Period: to


    Is the era in Western philosophy, intellectual, scientific and cultural life, centered upon the 18th century, in which reason was advocated as the primary source for legitimacy and authority.
    It developed through France, Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the American colonies.
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    It was the last ruling dynasty in China. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro. Complete pacification of China was accomplished around 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor.
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    Ruled Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly half-brother, Ivan V. He carried out a policy of modernization and expansion that transformed the Tsardom of Russia into a 3-billion acre Russian Empire, a major European power.
  • Period: to

    Triangle Trade

    Trade amongst 3 ports or regions. Triangular trade usually evolves when a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come.
    Americas export sugar, cotton and tobacco to Europe; Europe exports textiles, rum and manufactured goods to Africa; Africa exports slaves to the Americas.
  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great

    She reigned as Empress of Russia from 9 July 1762 after the assassination of her husband, Peter III, just after the end of the Seven Years' War until her death.
    The Russian Empire expanded, improved its administration, and continued to modernize along Western European lines. Catherine's rule re-vitalized Russia, which grew stronger than ever and became recognized as one of the great powers of Europe. She succeded in foreign policy and oversaw sometimes brutal reprisals in the wake of rebellion.
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

    War between Great Britain and France in the U.S