English civil wars gettyimages 463919307

British history

  • Period: Apr 21, 1509 to Jan 28, 1547

    Reign of Henry VIII

  • 1517

    Ninety-Five Theses

    Ninety-Five Theses
    Martin Luther write the Ninety-Five Theses
  • 1521

    Martin Luther is excommunicated

    Martin Luther is excommunicated
    He was excommunicated (expelled from the Church) in 1521 and declared a heretic.
  • 1522

    New Testament

    New Testament
    The Bible of Luther translated in German
  • 1526

    Tyndale Bible

    Tyndale Bible
    William Tyndale translate the New Testament into English
  • 1533

    Act of restraint of appeals

    Act of restraint of appeals
    Henry VII has the legal power to annul marriage.
  • 1534

    Act of supremacy

    Act of supremacy that founded the Anglican Church and made King Henry VIII the sole and supreme head of the church.
  • Period: 1534 to

    Early modern period

  • 1536

    Destruction of small monasteries

    Destruction of small monasteries
  • Period: 1536 to 1541

    Appropriation of incomes and lands by the crown

  • Period: 1536 to 1537

    Pilgrimage of Grace

    Pilgrimage of Grace is the name given to a series of rebellions that broke out in Lincolnshire and East Yorkshire in 1536 and quickly spread to other parts of the north of England.
  • Feb 4, 1536

    Wales is affiliated with England

    On February 4, 1536, the Act of Union was signed, a series of parliamentary measures taken between 1535 and 1542, which integrated Wales into the English judicial and administrative systems.
  • 1537

    Matthew's Bible

    Matthew's Bible
    The Bible is officially in English.
    The Matthew Bible, also known as Matthew's Version, was first published in 1537 under the pen name "Thomas Matthew" by John Rogers. It combined William Tyndale's New Testament and as much of the Old Testament as he was able to translate before being captured and executed.
  • Period: 1542 to 1487

    Mary Queen of Scots reign

    She was raised in France as a Catholic, was the widow of the French King Francis II.
    In 1568, Mary was involved in a civil war in
    Scotland, and had to flee to England. Elizabeth granted her shelter but kept her under close watch (virtually a prisoner in England for 19 years).
    She died in February 1587 on the order of Elizabeth I
  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    Council of Trent

    Held in the Italian city of Trent = the symbol of counter reformation.
  • Period: 1547 to 1553

    Edward VI Reign

    • 9 years old when he got on the throne
    • Protestant
    • Died of tuberculosis at 15, left the country virtually bankrupt.
  • 1549

    Book of common prayer

    Book of common prayer
    The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the name given to a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion and by other Christian churches historically related to Anglicanism.
  • Period: 1553 to 1558

    Mary I Reign (aka Bloody Mary)

    Mary I, also called Mary Tudor, byname Bloody Mary, was the first queen to rule England in her own right. She was known as Bloody Mary for her persecution of Protestants in a vain attempt to restore Roman Catholicism in England.
  • 1558

    The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    Off the coast of Gravelines, France, Spain's so-called “Invincible Armada” is defeated by an English naval force under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake.
  • Period: 1558 to

    Elizabeth I Reign

    Elizabeth I, born on September 7, 1533 at Placentia Palace in London and died on March 24, 1603 at Richmond Palace in the same city, was Queen of England and Ireland from 1558 until her death. Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII, and the fifth and last member of the Tudor dynasty on the English throne.
  • 1559

    Act of uniformity

    Act of uniformity
    • Every parish had to use the Book of Common Prayer
    • People who did not attend an Anglican service were fined.
  • 1559

    Elizabeth's speech

    Elizabeth's speech
    The purpose of her speech was to address their concerns about pricing, based on the recent economic issues facing the country. But to everyone's surprise, Elizabeth instead used the occasion to express the love she felt for her subjects, and how she viewed her position as their queen.
  • 1559

    Act of Supremacy

    Act of Supremacy
    Promulgated in her first year—the Act of Supremacy, stating that the queen was “supreme governor” of the Church of England, and the Act of Uniformity, ensuring that English worship should follow The Book of Common Prayer—defined the nature of the English religious establishment.
  • Period: 1559 to 1561

    love affair between Elizabeth and Robert Dudley.

    a love affair with Robert Dudley, 1rst earl of Leicester
  • Period: 1563 to 1571

    the 39 article of faith

    • stated the doctrine (religious belief) of the Church
    • 3 important changes : a new ecclesiology (conception of the Church) / a new doctrine of Salvation (doctrine du salut) / a new definition of sacraments and of the mass
    • still in use today
  • 1567

    James proclaimed King of Scotland

    James proclaimed King of Scotland
  • 1569

    The Northern Rebellion

    The Northern Rebellion
    The Rising of the North of 1569, also called the Revolt of the Northern Earls or Northern Rebellion, was an unsuccessful attempt by Catholic nobles from Northern England to depose Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1570

    Regnans in Excelsis

    Regnans in Excelsis
    Pope Pius V issued the papal bull “Regnans in Excelsis”
  • Feb 25, 1570

    The excommunication of Elizabeth I

    The excommunication of Elizabeth I
    The Pope excommunicate Queen Elizabeth
  • 1571

    The treason Act

    The treason Act
    Treason for anyone who said that Elizabeth I was not the true Queen of England.
  • 1581

    The 1581 Act

    The 1581 Act
    Act to retain the Queen’s Majesty’s Subjects in their due Obedience.
  • The Babington plot

    The Babington plot
    The Babington Conspiracy, in 1586, was a Catholic plot to assassinate the Protestant queen Elizabeth Iʳᵉ in order to offer the throne of England to the Catholic Mary Iʳᵉ of Scotland. It led to Mary's execution.
  • The execution of Mary Queen of Scots

    The execution of Mary Queen of Scots
    Mary Queen of Scots was executed by beheading at the age of 44 on the orders of her cousin, Elizabeth I of England. She was accused of plotting to assassinate Queen Elizabeth and sentenced to death.
  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    Defeat of the Spanish Armada
  • Speech to the troops at Tilbury

    Speech to the troops at Tilbury
    The queen made this speech in Tilbury, Essex, in order to rally
    the troops who were preparing to repel the invasion of the
    Spanish Armada:
  • Coronation portrait

    Coronation portrait
    coronation portrait of queen Elizabeth
  • Gunpowder plot

    Gunpowder plot
    Conspiracy of a group of English Roman Catholics to blow up Parliament and King James I, his queen, and his eldest son on November 5, 1605.
  • The great contract

    The great contract
    The Great Contract was a plan submitted to James I and Parliament in 1610 by Robert Cecil. It was an attempt to increase Crown income and ultimately rid it of debt.
  • the King James’ Bible

    the King James’ Bible
    A new English translation of the Bible
  • Period: to

    30 Years War

    The Thirty Years’ War was a 17th-century religious conflict fought primarily in central Europe.
  • James I death

    James I death
    After suffering a stroke, James died at his favorite hunting lodge, Theobalds.
  • Petition of rights

    Petition of rights
    The Petition of Right was intended to define and curb the monarch's powers and included matters of taxation, the application of martial law, imprisonment without trial, and the billeting of troops on civilian households
  • The Three Resolutions

    The Three Resolutions
    The three resolutions is a passage by the House of Commons.
  • Period: to

    The Personal Rule

    11 years when the King ruled without calling a parliament. Whig historians called it “The Eleven Years Tyranny”
  • New Prayer Book

    New Prayer Book
    The introduction of the new book of common prayer set Scotland on fire
    The modifications were deemed unacceptable (new position of the altar, kneeling, etc).
  • Period: to

    The Scottish Crisis

    During the 1630s, Charles attempted to unify the administration of the churches of England and Scotland by forcing Archbishop Laud's episcopalian reforms through without consulting the clergy or the Scottish parliament.
  • Treaty of Ripon

    Treaty of Ripon
    Treaty that ended the Second Bishop's War between Charles I of England and the Scots.
  • Irish Rebellion

    Irish Rebellion
    The Irish Rebellion of 1641 began as an attempted coup d'état, led by the Irish Catholic gentry.
  • Militia Act

    The want parliament want the army to be placed under the control of a general appointed by Parliament
  • The Grand Remonstrance

    The Grand Remonstrance
    The Grand Remonstrance was a long, wide-ranging document that listed all the grievances perpetrated by the King's government in Church and State since the beginning of his reign.
  • Period: to

    English Civil Wars

    English Civil Wars were a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") led by Charles I
  • Five members

    Five members
    Five members (act. 1641) refers to the five members of the House of Commons whom Charles I attempted but failed to detain on January 4, 1642 for high treason. They were Sir Arthur Hesilrige, William Strode, Denzil Holles, John Pym, and John Hampden.
  • Charles declares War on Parliament

    The royal battle banner was hoisted over Nottingham Castle on August 22, 1642. The first Civil War officially began with King Charles I's declaration of war against Parliament.
  • New model army

    New model army
    A new army created in 1644
by the Parliamentarians.
  • Battle of Naseby

    Battle of Naseby
    The First English Civil War's Battle of Naseby took place on June 14, 1645, close to the village of Naseby in Northamptonshire.
  • The King surrenders

    The King surrenders
    Charles I Surrenders To The Scots Army
  • Mutiny of Model army

    Mutiny of Model army
    The New Model Army seize the King.
  • King's escape + ally with the Scots

    The King escapes from army custody and ally himself with the Scots (he promised to introduce Presbyterianism/Calvinism into England, in return the Scottish army would invade England and restore him to power)
  • Pride Purge

    Pride Purge
    Pride's Purge was the occasion in which Colonel Thomas Pride of the Unused Show Armed force persuasively evacuated individuals of the British House of Commons who did not bolster the Grandees, i.e., the senior officers of the Armed force, or the devout development of the Independents.
  • Period: to

    Second Civil War

    The Second Civil War was made of a series of revolts in the South of England, Wales and Scotland
  • Monarchy and House of Lords abolished.

    England was declared a Commonwealth.
  • Period: to


  • Execution of Charles I

    Execution of Charles I
    Charles was convicted of treason and executed on 30 January 1649 outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall.
  • Period: to


    The interregnum in the British Isles began with the execution of Charles I in January 1649 (and from September 1651 in Scotland) and ended in May 1660 when his son Charles II was restored to the thrones of the three realms, although he had been already acclaimed king in Scotland since 1649. During this time the monarchial system of government was replaced with the Commonwealth of England.
  • Period: to

    Charles II reign

  • The return of Charles II

    The return of Charles II
    On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end
  • Act of informity

    The Act of Uniformity of 1662 was an act passed by the Parliament of England during the reign of Charles II. The act required all to practice the rites and ceremonies prescribed by the Church of England. It also established episcopal ordination for all ministers of religion.
  • Outbreak of Plague

    Outbreak of Plague
    The Great Plague of London of 1665 was an epidemic of bubonic plague that struck the city of London, England, killing approximately 75,000 people, or about 20% of its population.
  • The popish plot

    The popish plot
    Rumour of a plot organised by the French to murder Charles II and replace him by his Catholic brother James II
  • Period: to

    The exclusion crisis

    Exclusion Crisis was the name given to the crisis over the succession that developed in England in the aftermath of Titus Oates's revelations in the summer of 1678 of a "popish plot" to murder Charles II (ruled 1660–1685) and massacre English Protestants.
  • The Glorious revolution

    The Glorious revolution
    he Glorious Revolution, also called “The Revolution of 1688” and “The Bloodless Revolution,” took place from 1688 to 1689 in England. It involved the overthrow of the Catholic king James II, who was replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange.
  • Period: to

    Mary II and William III Reign

  • The Bill of rights

    The Bill of rights
    The Bill of Rights is the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. It spells out Americans’ rights in relation to their government. It guarantees civil rights and liberties to the individual—like freedom of speech, press, and religion.
  • Act of Settlement

    Act of Settlement
    The Act of Settlement 1701 is an English law enacted by the British Parliament in 1701, which guaranteed the succession to the crown of England to members of the Protestant family of the Dukes of Hanover, related to the Stuarts through the marriage of Elizabeth Stuart's daughter Sophie to Ernest Augustus of Hanover.
  • William III death

    William III death
  • Period: to

    Queen Anne’s Reign

  • Act of Union

    The Acts of Union, passed by the English and Scottish Parliaments in 1707, led to the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain on 1 May of that year.
  • Period: to

    George I Reign

  • Gin Craze

    Gin Craze
    The term Gin Craze refers to a period in the early 18thᵉ century when gin became popular with the British working class, specifically in London.
  • Period: to

    The seven years war

    The Seven Years' War, which took place from 1756 to 1763, was a major conflict in the history of Europe, the first that could be called a "world war".
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence is a document that officially records the proclamation that the United States is an independent country from Great Britain.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States, recognized American independence and established borders for the new nation.
  • Period: to

    French Revolutionary War

    The wars of the French Revolution are the conflicts that involved revolutionary France against other European countries, often coalesced, during the period between 1792 and the Treaty of Amiens of 1802, the first phase of the Wars of Coalitions.
  • Irish Rebellion

    Irish Rebellion
    The Irish Rebellion of 1798 was an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow British rule in Ireland.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    act of union of 1801 which united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland creating the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.