French Revolution

  • Accession of Louis XVI

    Accession of Louis XVI
    Louis XVI was a very lazy king of France. He tried to tax the nobility to improve the French economy and failed. He tried to leave the country during the revolution, got caught and executed.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    America declared independence from Britain. After fighting the revolutionary war with the British. The revolution is an inspirational factor for the French revolution.
  • Meeting of the Estates Generals

    Meeting of the Estates Generals
    King Louis XVI called in the meeting because of governmental financial problems. Each state will vote on decision on the problem and each estate gets 1 vote. 3rd estate with 98 percent of the population still only got 1 vote.
  • Sans-culottes

    Sans-culottes
    Common people of France became military leaders/generals and revolted due to the poor and harsh living conditions of the common people.
  • National Assembly

    National Assembly
    A form of revolutionary assembly that is composed of people from the 3rd estate. Protested king to make economic reforms so people of the 3rd estate can have enough food to eat.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    Place where the National Assembly took place. They got locked out by the king so they found a new place to assemble. Would not separate till a constitution of the kingdom is established.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    Bastille built to protect Paris during the Hundred Years War. This was an attack on the castle and signaled the start of the French Revolution. Attackers went for gunpowders and weapons.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens Adopted

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens Adopted
    Adopted by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It is the first step for France to reform and the start of constitutionalism.
  • Women’s March on Versailles

    Women’s March on Versailles
    7000 working-class women marched to protest due to the conditions of the working-class people, and people can't afford bread and struggling to live.
  • Declaration of Pillnitz

    Declaration of Pillnitz
    A statement issued by the ruler of Austria and Prussia. It jointed the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and Prussia to go against the French Revolution.
  • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

    A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
    A book that was written by Mary Wollstonecraft that focuses on Women's Rights. Society should give women equal opportunities to education to show their usefulness in society.
  • Paris Commune

    Paris Commune
    Established government right after the storming of Bastille.\
    Created in1792 and replaced in 1792.
  • September Massacres

    September Massacres
    Lasted from September 2 to September 7, 1792. More than 1000 prisoners were killed in 20 hours.
  • Creation of the Republic

    Creation of the Republic
    The first republic of French, officially the French Republic. Lasted until the first declaration of the empire in 1804.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    Louis XVI tried to leave the country during the French Revolution. Got caught and executed.
  • Committee of Public Safety

    Committee of Public Safety
    Formed an executive government in France during the Reign of terror, a stage of the French revolution. Formed to protect France against its enemies, foreign and domestic, and to oversee the government.
  • Jacobins vs. Girondins

    Jacobins vs. Girondins
    Girondins fought for the king during the French Revolution. The Jacobins argued that the king should be executed to assure success in the revolution.
  • Reign of Terror/Robespierre

    Reign of Terror/Robespierre
    The period during the French Revolution after the first republic. A period in which multiple massacres and public executions occurred.
  • Marie Antoinette executed

     Marie Antoinette executed
    After she was imprisoned for months, Marie was found to be guilty of treason and executed publicly. She was overthrown by French revolutionaries.
  • Thermidorian Reaction

    Thermidorian Reaction
    At the end of the terror. Thermidorian reaction is a period between the ousting of Maximilien Robespierre on 27 July 1794, to the inauguration of the French Directory on 1 November 1795.
  • Robespierre executed

    Robespierre executed
    A member of the constituent assembly. Executed because people are tired of the terror and he was executed along with many other of his followers.
  • War of the 2nd Coalition

    War of the 2nd Coalition
    Second war on revolutionary France by most of the European monarchies. Tried to contain the expansion of the French Republic and to restore the monarchy in France.
  • Coup d’etat

    Coup d’etat
    Brought Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France. Ended the French Revolution. Later starting the Napoleon era.
  • Concordat of 1801

    Concordat of 1801
    Agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII. Declared that Roman Catholic is the majority religion of France.
  • Napoleonic Code

    Napoleonic Code
    Made the authority of men over their families stronger, deprived women of any individual rights, and reduced the rights of illegitimate children. All MALE citizens granted equal rights under the law and the right to religious dissent, but colonial slavery was reintroduced.
  • Confederation of the Rhine

    Confederation of the Rhine
    Confederation of client states of the First French Empire. Formed initially from sixteen German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz.
  • Continental System

    Continental System
    Blockade designed by Napoleon to paralyze Great Britain through the destruction of British commerce. Blockade stretched French forces too thin and ultimately provoked his invasion of Russia in 1812.
  • Treaty of Tilsit

    Treaty of Tilsit
    Two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland. Russia and Prussia were to join the Continental System
  • Russian Campaign

    Russian Campaign
    One of the greatest disasters of Napoleon's military reign. Estimated only about 22,000 of Napoleon's men survived the Russian campaign, more than 380,000 soldiers killed.
  • Waterloo

    Waterloo
    A battle fought in a town called Waterloo. Marked the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, who conquered much of Europe