French Revolution

Timeline created by Itxas
In History
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    · Military coup by the king (afraid of losing his power)
    · French society rebelled on 14 July 1789
    · People attacked the Bastille
    · This revolt spread through the countryside --> Grande Peur
    · Grande Peur = attacks to the nobility's houses
  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    Civil Constitution of the Clergy
    · Done to solve the state's financial problems
    · Confiscation and sale of church property
    · Subordination of the church to the French state
    · Clergy and nobility joined => counterrevolutionaries
  • Constitution

    Constitution
    · Written in 1971
    · Assembly approved it
    · Constitutional monarchy --> no absolute monarchy
    · Limited male suffrage
    · Separation of powers
  • Attack on the Tuileries Palace

    Attack on the Tuileries Palace
    · France's defeat in several wars
    · Social unrest
    · Louis XVI was imprisoned
    · Abolishment of the monarchy
    · Establishment of a republic
  • Constitution of 1793

    Constitution of 1793
    · Universal manhood suffrage
    · 1793
    · Law of Maximum = fixed prices
    · Repression of counterrevolutionaries
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    · Guilty of treason
    · Beheaded
    · Guillotine
  • New Constitution

    New Constitution
    · Re-establishment of limited male suffrage
    ·Symbol of the bourgeoisie's power
    · More conservative constitution
    · Directory as form of government
  • Military coup

    Military coup
    · Napoleon Bonaparte
    · 1799
    · Aim:
    -restore peace at home and abroad
    -overthrow the moderates
    · Establishment of the Consulate
  • Period: to

    National Assembly

    · Third Estate's unrest
    · Request for "one person, one vote"
    · Creation of the National Assembly
    · Closure of it by the king
    · Gathering in a tennis court
    · Third Estate + members of clergy and nobility
  • Period: to

    Constituent Assembly

    · Creation of Constituent Assembly
    · Writing of a constitution
    · Triumph of bourgeoisie --> no absolute monarchy
    · Military coup led by the king
    · Storming of the Bastille --> 14th July 1789
    · Spread of the revolt in the countryside --> "Grande Peur"
    · Legal reforms: abolishment of feudal privileges and equality in the
    payment of taxes
    · Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790)
    · Louis XVI asked for international support
    · Approval of the constitution (1791)
  • Period: to

    Legislative Assembly

    · Elections for the Legislative Assembly
    · 2 political groups: Girondins and Jacobins Girondins:
    - members of the wealthy bourgeoisie
    - moderate
    - in favour of the Constitutional Assembly and limited suffrage Jacobins:
    - members of the petite bourgeoisie
    - radical
    - in favour of the republic and manhood suffrage · Attack on the Tuileries Palace (1792) by "Sans Culottes"
    · Louis XVI was imprisoned and overthrew
    · France became a republic
  • Period: to

    Convention (republic)

    · Most radical phase of the Revolution
    · Start --> execution of Louis XVI (1793)
    · Under the control of Jacobins, supported by "sans-culottes"
    · Robespierre = head of state
    · Convention elected with universal manhood suffrage
    · It later became a dictatorship --> The Terror
    · Participation in several wars
  • Period: to

    Directory and Consulate

    · Jacobins overthrew by moderate deputies (1794)
    · New constitution (1795)
    · Directory established = conservative government made up of 5
    members
    · Social unrest
    · Military coup by Napoleon Bonaparte (1799)
    · Establishment of the Consulate
    · First Consul for life = Napoleon
    · Napoleon achieved absolute power (1804)
    · The French Revolution ended