England's Road to a Limited Monarchy

  • 1215

    The Creation Of Parliament

    The Creation Of Parliament
    Parliament was originally created as a group of wealthy and powerful lords and barons that would advise the king but they had no real power. Parliament would later evolve into the governing power that it is today with 600 members elected by their communities. The first meeting of Parliament was in 1215 with the creation of the Magna carta
  • 1215

    The Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta
    After years of scandal and mistreatment of power, King John was under threat of civil war and being invaded by France. He was pressured into signing the Magna Carta by several lords and barons and religious officials. The document consisted of 63 charters each setting a rule and regulation that limited the power of the monarch.
  • Triennial Act

    Triennial Act
    Under the rule of Charles I the triennial act was passed. The triennial act declared that parliament must meet at least every three years and have elections every three years as well. This further limited the monarchs power by enforcing the monarch to call upon parliament more frequently.
  • Civil War, Oliver Cromwell and the execution of a king

    Civil War, Oliver Cromwell and the execution of a king
    During the summer of 1642 there was a civil war between the supporters of King Charles I who believed in an absolute monarchy and the supporters of parliament who believed in a limited monarchy. Oliver Cromwell was a military and political leader who helped the parliament to win the war, execute Charles and create the "Commonwealth of England" a more republican form of government that gave parliament the power to rule.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    the glorious revolution or the bloodless revolution was a revolution run by Mary II the daughter of James II and William III to overthrow her father the king.
  • Bill of Rights signed into law

    Bill of Rights signed into law
    the Bill of rights was an edited version of the earlier declaration of rights. the Bill limited the monarchs powers and give rights to the people. these rights such as the right to elect members to parliament and freedom to bear arms also included a list of King James II's wrongdoings and misleads while in power. this document declared that the monarch could not tax without the parliaments consent or give cruel and unfair punishments and several other rules.
  • The Act of Settlement

    The Act of Settlement
    The act of settlement gave parliament the power to declare the heir to the throne and said the monarch no longer could declare war without parliaments consent. in recent years the succession to the crown act(2013) was created in order to protect females from loosing their place in the line of succession in preference of males.