Civil wars

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    Wars of the Three Kingdoms

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    Irish Confederate Wars

  • Edgehill

    The first battle. The Royalist weren’t able to take London and defeat the Parliamentarians.
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    1st Civil War

    Took place in England and Wales.
  • Solemn League and Convenant

    Solemn League and Convenant
    An agreement between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians
  • Marston moor

    Marston moor
    The combined forces of the English Parliamentarians under Lord Fairfax and the Earl of Manchester and the Scottish Covenanters under the Earl of Leven defeated the Royalists commanded by Prince Rupert of the Rhine and the Marquess of Newcastle.
  • A Directory for the Publique Worship of God

    A Directory for the Publique Worship of God
    The Directory for Public Worship is a liturgical manual produced by the Westminster Assembly to replace the Book of Common Prayer. Approved by the Parliament of England and Scotland, the year after.
  • Naseby

    Near the village of Naseby in Northamptonshire. The Parliamentarian New Model Army, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell, destroyed the main Royalist army under Charles I and Prince Rupert.
  • The King in prison

    The King in prison
    The king had been made prisoner by the Scots
  • Putney debates

    Putney debates
    A series of discussions over the political settlement that should follow Parliament's victory over Charles I.
  • The Battle of Preston

    The Battle of Preston
    Fought largely at Walton-le-Dale near Preston in Lancashire, resulted in a victory for the New Model Army under the command of Oliver Cromwell over the Royalists and Scots commanded by the Duke of Hamilton. The Parliamentarian victory presaged the end of the Second English Civil War.
  • Pride’s purge

    Pride’s purge
    Soldiers prevented members of Parliament considered hostile to the New Model Army from entering the House of Commons of England.
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    2nd Civil War

    It took place between February to August 1648 in England and Wales.
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    Oliver Cromwell

    Head of state. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1553 to 1558.
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    The Interregnum

    The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
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    The Commonwealth

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    Cromwell Ian conquest of Ireland

  • The execution of Charles I

    The execution of Charles I
    He was beheaded outside the Banqueting House on Whitehall. The execution was the culmination of political and military conflicts between the royalists and the parliamentarians in England during the English Civil War, leading to the capture and trial of Charles I, the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The parliamentarian High Court of Justice declared the sentence.
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    3rd Civil War