History TImeline

Timeline created by Jaysontoast
In History
  • Petition of Rights released

    Petition of Rights released
    Petition of Right, 1628, a statement of civil liberties sent by the English Parliament to Charles I. Refusal by Parliament to finance the king's unpopular foreign policy had caused his government to exact forced loans and to quarter troops in subjects' houses as an economy measure
  • 1648 Charles I gets beheaded

    1648 Charles I gets beheaded
    Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared.
  • Hobbes' Leviathan published

    Hobbes' Leviathan published
    This is when Hobbes' published a book was written during the English Civil War Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.
  • Cromwellian conquest of Ireland 1649-1653

    Cromwellian conquest of Ireland 1649-1653
    The Cromwellian conquest of Ireland or Cromwellian war in Ireland (1649–53) refers to the conquest of Ireland by the forces of the English Parliament, led by Oliver Cromwell, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. Cromwell invaded Ireland with his New Model Army on behalf of England's Rump Parliament in August 1649.
  • Death of Cromwell

    Death of Cromwell
    Cromwell was condemned to death without trial, lost all his titles and property and was publicly beheaded on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540, on the same day as the King's marriage to Catherine Howard. The executioner had great difficulty severing the head.
  • Death of Charles II; accession of James II

    Death of Charles II; accession of James II
    Charles died in 1685 from apoplexy after converting to Catholicism on his deathbed. Having no legitimate children, Charles was succeeded by his brother James, who reigned in England and Ireland as James II, and in Scotland as James VII.
  • Englands’s Glorious Revolution

    Englands’s Glorious Revolution
    he Glorious Revolution, also called “The Revolution of 1688” and “The Bloodless Revolution,” took place from 1688 to 1689 in England. It involved the overthrow of the Catholic King James II, who was replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange.
  • The Bill of Rights gets released

    The Bill of Rights gets released
    The amendments were designed to protect the basic rights of U.S. citizens, guaranteeing the freedom of speech, press, assembly, and exercise of religion; the right to fair legal procedure and to bear arms; and that powers not delegated to the federal government would be reserved for the states and the people
  • Treaty of Utrecht

    The Peace of Utrecht is a series of peace treaties signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht between April 1713 and February 1715. Before Charles II of Spain died childless in 1700, he had named his grandnephew Philip of France as his successor in his last will.
  • Spinning Jenny Invented

    Though the month and the day of the spinning jenny invention was specified,The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England.
  • Treaty Alliance between Britain and America

    1775 – 1783, Negotiated by the American diplomats Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee, the Treaty of Alliance required that neither France nor the United States agree to a separate peace with Great Britain, and that American independence be a condition of any future peace agreement.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    The Tennis Court Oath
    This event is when the members of the French the Third Estates took the Tennis Court Oath, vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require until the constitution of the kingdom is established"
  • Storming of Bastille

    Storming of Bastille
    This is event is when the French stormed the Bastille which is supposed to be used for a prison, but instead, it is stored with gun powder. The reason for this was to get all the gunpowder for ammunition.
  • Women's March on Versailles

    Women's March on Versailles
    On October 4, 1789, a crowd of women demanding bread for their families gathered other discontented Parisians, including some men, and marched toward Versailles, arriving soaking wet from the rain. and protested to lower the prices of the bread because the lower ranks could not afford the prices. Soon enough the king then agreed to lower the price of bread.
  • Cotton Gin Invented

    Cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, enabling much greater productivity than manual cotton separation, which was invented by Eli Whitney which made slaves more effective when the machine was released
  • Napoleon elected First Consul

    Napoleon elected First Consul
    During this period, Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul, established himself as the head of a more authoritarian, autocratic, and centralized republican government in France while not declaring himself sole ruler.
  • Pope Pius VII is elected as pope

    Pope Pius VII, born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823. Chiaramonti was also a monk of the Order of Saint Benedict in addition to being a well-known theologian and bishop throughout his life.
  • Concordant of 1801

     Concordant of 1801
    Concordat of 1801, an agreement reached on July 15, 1801, between Napoleon Bonaparte and papal and clerical representatives in both Rome and Paris, defining the status of the Roman Catholic Church in France and ending the breach caused by the church reforms and confiscations enacted during the French Revolution.
  • Luddites Uprising

    The Luddite uprising began in Nottingham in November 1811, and spread to Yorkshire and Lancashire in early 1812. The Luddites' main tactic was to warn the masters to remove the frames from their premises. If the masters refused, the Luddites smashed the machines in nocturnal raids, using massive sledgehammers.
  • Child Labor Law Passed

    Britain passed one of the first child labor laws in 1833. It made it illegal for children under the age of 9 to work. Sometimes children workers were orphans who had little choice but to work for food. Children in the coal mines often worked from 4 am until 5 pm This was due to because children were getting injured and overused due to this.
  • Slavery Abolition Act

    the Slavery Abolition Act received Royal Assent, paving the way for the abolition of slavery within the British Empire and its colonies. All thanks to William Wilberforce
  • Victoria comes to the throne after the death of William IV

    Victoria became queen at the age of 18 after the death of her uncle, William IV. She reigned for more than 60 years, longer than any other British monarch. Her reign was a period of significant social, economic and technological change, which saw the expansion of Britain's industrial power and of the British empire.
  • British Occupies Honk Kong

    Britain occupied the island of Hong Kong on 25 January 1841 and used it as a military staging point. China was defeated and was forced to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking signed on 29 August 1842. Hong Kong became a Crown Colony of the British Empire.
  • Treaty of Nanking

    The Treaty of Nanking was a peace treaty that ended the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China on 29 August 1842. It was the first of what the Chinese later called the unequal treaties.
  • Samuel Morse Invents the Telegraph

    An electrical telegraph was a point-to-point text messaging system, used from the 1840s until better systems became widespread. It used coded pulses of electric current through dedicated wires to transmit information over long distances. This was a big change in society because now they could potentially communicate.
  • Elias Howe Invents the sewing machine

    Elias Howe patents the first practical sewing machine and threads his way into the fabric of history. French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier patented a device in 1830 that mechanized the typical hand-sewing motions to create a simple chain stitch. He planned to mass-produce uniforms for the French army
  • British Raj

    This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).
  • Albert, Prince Consort dies

    Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs, at the age of twenty Albert married his cousin, Victoria; they had nine children and died on December 14, 1861
  • Queen VIctoria's death

    Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors.
  • The FIrst Model T Ford

    On October 1, 1908, the first production Model T Ford is completed at the company's Piquette Avenue plant in Detroit. Between 1908 and 1927, Ford would build some 15 million Model T cars. It was the longest production run of any automobile model in history until the Volkswagen Beetle surpassed it in 1972.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    On this day in 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are shot to death by a Bosnian Serb nationalist during an official visit to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. ... The assassination set off a rapid chain of events, as Austria-Hungary immediately blamed the Serbian government for the attack.
  • Death of Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg( Franz Ferdidnand's wife)

    Death of Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg( Franz Ferdidnand's wife)
    Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Their assassination in Sarajevo sparked a series of events that eventually led to World War I
  • The Christmas Truce

    The Christmas Truce
    The Christmas truce was a series of widespread unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of the First World War around Christmas 1914. The truce occurred during the relatively early period of the war.
  • U-Boat Sinks

    U-Boat Sinks
    On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat torpedoed the British-owned luxury steamship Lusitania, killing 1,195 people including 123 Americans, according to the Library of Congress.
  • Zimmermann Telegram is found

    Zimmermann Telegram is found
    The message came in the form of a coded telegram dispatched by Arthur Zimmermann, a Staatssekretär (a top-level civil servant) in the Foreign Office of the German Empire on 19 January 1917. The message was sent to the German ambassador to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckardt.
  • End of WW1

    End of WW1
    This became known as Armistice Day - the day Germany signed an armistice (an agreement for peace) which caused the fighting to stop. People in Britain, France, and the countries that supported them celebrated.
  • Occupation of Cyprus

    The Turkish invasion of Cyprus, code-named by Turkey as Operation Atilla, was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus. It was launched on 20 July 1974, following the Cypriot coup d'état on 15 July 1974