Charles II died, and that created a problem for parliament, His successur, James II was Catholic. James made it clear that he believed in the Divine Right Of Kings, and ment to take power away from parliament. Soon after, came rebellions. The support for james was lost. Judge Jeffries conducted courts thats ordered to execute any suspected rebels. Parliament leaders were very distressed byt the kings actions and intentions. This is important because it's very unfair to kill people with no proof.