James I was king of Scotland for twenty years before becoming king of England. I think this is closely related to the English Revolution because he was allied with the church and disliked the puritants. He always opposed the puritants as every sundays he encourage the people to have fun after the church, which the puritants opposed.
James I. [Online image] Available http://www.internetstones.com/image-files/james-i-of-england.jpg , Febuary 27, 2011 .
The role of religions.
It was illegal for puritants to hold their own church service and many of them were fired and imprisoned for their belief . A group of puritants chartered a ship (The Mayflower) to take them to America where the founded puritant colony. These were the many Puritants that settled in what would late be the New England.
The Puritants and Protestants. [Online image] Available http://mrsmurray.org/images/puritans.jpg Febuary 27, 2011
Charles I became king of England
Charles I was dishonest with the parliament. He Relied on his father's (James I) favorite, the Duke of Buckinghan for money.. The Duke of Buckingham led him in disaters after another, including the wars with France and Spain. Within a shor year of his accession to the throne Charles had alienate many poeple who might have otherwise supported him.
Charles I and the Duke of Buckingham. [Online image] Available http://www.wga.hu/art/d/dyck_van/2portrai/dualport.jpg, Febuary 27, 2011.
The fight with the Parliament: Freedom of speech, Petition of rights
The petition of right spells out one of the parliament's major compliants against the king. When puritants wrote satires attacking the government the writers were arrested and punished. The puritants violently attacked churches destroying priceless carving and paintings.
An offender in pillory. [Online image] Available http://www.stronghold-knights.com/site/album/aubergine/pilloy Febuary 27, 2011.
Start of the English Civil War
Charles declares war on parliamentat at Nottingham. Charles was successful at first and won a number of small battles, but couldn't gain a decisive victory. Charles was forced to flee to Scotland, where he was made prisoner and handed over to the parliament.
The Civil war Started. [Online image] Available http://users.moscow.com/khakimian/images/ecw2.jpg, Febuary 27, 2011
The trial of the King Charles I
Charles was on trial as he was trying to overthrow himself and turning against his own people. Charles I death led England to a new reign as his son Charles II took over.
Trial of the KIng. [Online image] Available http://www.intaglio-fine-art.com/images/trg161.jpg, Febuary 27, 2011.
The parliament decided to restore the monarchy and the House of Lords invited Charles II to become king of England. When he tried to protect the religious freedom of catholics, the parliament passed the test act which made the church of England supreme. Charles II died in 1885 and was succeded by his catholic brother James II.
Restoration of Charles II. [Online image] Available http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/3/3/5/59181553343743361.jpeg, Febuary 27, 2011.
Mary and William agreed to the terms of a new bill of right. That document made it clear that the parliament was the real government of the country. These righs are the basis for the rights we enjoy today as canadians
The bill of rights. [Online image] Available http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/billofrights.jpg, Febuary 27, 2011.