World History

  • King James I

    King James I
    After Queen Elizabeth I died on March 24, 1603. That same day, after going along her—mostly dead—family tree, James I became king as the rightful heir to the throne of England. He also changed the name to the Stuart Dynasty. James believed in Divine Right—which is one’s belief that God chose them to be and power and so only they should have all the power. This made it hard for James and Parliament to work together.
  • Gunpowder Plot

    Gunpowder Plot
    Catholics in England felt they were being treated unfairly and wanted England a catholic country again. Many Catholics came together and decided to plow up the House of Parliament. They put 36 barrels of gunpowder in a cellar under the house. King found out about the plot and sent guards to search the house. The guards found Guy Fawkes, a man apart of the plot, and arrested him.
  • The Petition of Rights

    The Petition of Rights
    The Petition of Rights was a petition made by Parliament for King Charles I to sign. The Petition stated: No jailing people without good reason, Parliament must approve all taxes, and no forcing citizens to house soldiers. King Charles I signed but later ignored the petition.
  • The Life of King Louis XIV (14th)

    The Life of King Louis XIV (14th)
    King Louis XIV, born on 9/5/1638, was the king of France. He decided to build a palace for his nobles, called Versailles, to keep a watchful eye on them. Versailles cost about $2 billion today putting France in major debt. To pay it off Louis wanted to temporarily tax the 1 and 2 estates, but they refused. This, along with other things, was the reason for the French Revolution arose. During the revolution Louis and his family try to escape, but fail. On 1/21/1793 he was sent to the guillotine.
  • Execution of King Charles I

    Execution of King Charles I
    After a few conflicts, Parliament and King Charles I broke out into war (1642-1651). It was the Cavaliers (supporters of the King) vs. Roundheads (supporters of Parliament). The Roundheads won and Charles I was publicly beheaded on January 30, 1649. This is significant because kings were not killed by execution but usually from being in battle and dying of old age or sickness.
  • Antoine Louis and the Guillotine

    Antoine Louis and the Guillotine
    Antoine Louis was a French siege on and physician(2/13/1723-6/20/1792) who invented the guillotine used during, mostly, the Reign of Terror. The guillotine was invented to give executors a quick painless death. The name “guillotine” came from a physician named Joseph Guillotine. Ironically,Joseph was against the death penalty. . .—people started the device the guillotine. Joseph was not happy! Even some of his family members changed their last name so they wouldn’t be associated with the device!
  • Montesquieu publishes Spirit of the Laws

    Montesquieu publishes Spirit of the Laws
    Montesquieu was an Enlightenment thinker who wrote the book The Spirit of Laws. It talked about his famous ideas of Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances with government. The ideas were about how he thought the powers of the government should be equally split and limited.
  • The Life of Marie Antoinette

    The Life of Marie Antoinette
    Marie Antoinette was born on November 5, 1755 and sent to the guillotine October 16,1793. At the age of 14 was set to marry King Louis XIV; however, when she became queen not many people liked her very much. One, she was from Austria which had a few wars with France; two, she was wasteful with lots of money; and three, many people thought she didn’t care about the French people. And to only make it worse, there were two rumor-us scandals that she was, slightly or not at all, involved in.
  • The French Revolution

    The French Revolution
    The French Revolution was a revolution by the poor people of France over throwing the King and Queen of France—which have happened to be King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. The French Revolution lasted between May 5,1789 and November 9, 1799.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    The Tennis Court Oath
    The Tennis Court Oath was an act of disobedience to King Louis XVI by the Third Estate (the peasants). This was taken place at a tennis court in Versailles. The Third Estate said they would not leave until the king made a new French Constitution.
  • Storming Bastille

    Storming Bastille
    A mob of people stormed Bastille. Bastille was a royal prison and was seen, as to the French people, as a symbol of tyranny. At dawn on the 14th a mob of people with muskets and swords stormed the prison to destroy it. Even the soldiers around the prison refused to stop the mob. King Louis the XVI lost control of the people and the army.
  • Napoleon Becomes Emperor

    Napoleon Becomes Emperor
    Napoleon Bonaparte, on December 2, 1804, becomes Emperor of France. There are rumors that he crowned himself in front of the pope. Whether or not this story is true it suggest that Napoleon is saying he has a higher authority over the church.
  • The Building of the Arc de Triumph du Carrousel

    The Building of the Arc de Triumph du Carrousel
    The building of the Arc de Triumph du Carrousel began on Constantine’s birthday. The architecture was built during the Enlightenment, a time when the people of England admired Greek and Roman architecture (aka Neoclassical architecture). This piece resembles the Arc of Emperor Constantine built in 312 AD.
  • Napoleon Marries Marie-Louis

    Napoleon Marries Marie-Louis
    On March 12,1810 Napoleon marries his second wife Marie-Louis. His first wife, Josephine, was unable to give him children so he divorced her. However, Napoleon wrote that he felt somber divorcing her because they had an overall good marriage—not as healthy though. It has been said that Josephine would have affairs with other men, yet, ironically, Napoleon would also be having affairs with other women! On March 20,1811 Marie-Louis gave birth to a son named Napoleon Francis Joseph Charles.
  • Napoleon gets exiled to the Island of Elba

    Napoleon gets exiled to the Island of Elba
    Napoleon fights in the Battle of Leipzig (October 16-17, 1813),aka the Battle of the Nations, and is defeated. This battle was against Napoleon’s French army and the Coalitions, allied with other European countries. Napoleons army was weakened and so the leaders of the Coalition forced him to step down from his throne as Emperor. On March 31, 1814 the allied forces occupied Paris and on April 11th Napoleon was exiled to the Island of Elba.