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World History 1

  • Thomas Hobbes’s Birth

    Thomas Hobbes’s Birth
    During the Age of Enlightenment, Thomas Hobbes was a widely-known individual. He taught that humans are naturally born bad, selfish and greedy. His ideas clashed with John Locke’s.
  • Gun Powder plot

    Gun Powder plot
    King James, king of England in 1605 was hated by most Catholics. A group of Catholics decided that the best way to get him out of their way would be to blow up the Houses of Parliament while he was inside. But just before they lit the gunpowder, Guy Fawkes, who was guarding the barrels, was discovered.
  • Guy Fawkes’s death

    Guy Fawkes’s death
    When Guy Fawkes was discovered guarding barrels of gunpowder beneath the Houses of Parliament, the king was not happy. Guy fawkes was tortured for a long times. Eventually, he was hanged.
  • John Locke’s birth

    John Locke’s birth
    John Locke was an important individual during the enlightenment. He believed that Humans were born naturally good, like they were a blank slate and their bad deeds marked them as they grew older. He clashed ideas with Thomas Hobbes.
  • Charles I execution

    Charles I execution
    Charles the first becomes king of England, but he is awful! He is always asking for money from parliament, he refuses to negotiate with parliament, and he ignores the petition of rights! So the people behead him, which was monumental since a king had never been publicly beheaded before.
  • The restoration

    The restoration
    During the restoration, after Oliver Cromwell’s death, Charles II becomes ruler of England. He brings back the events and celebrations that Cromwell had done away with. The rise of royal power brings the people happiness.
  • Oliver Cromwell’s rise to power

    Oliver Cromwell’s rise to power
    In the time of the commonwealth, the people of England decided that they did not want to be led by a king. So Oliver Cromwell becomes a leader. After dying if natural causes his corpse is dug up and hanged.
  • John Newton's Birth

    John Newton's Birth
    John Newton was an English Anglican cleric, a captain of slave ships who later became an investor in the slave trade but subsequently became an abolitionist. He served as a sailor in the Royal Navy for a period after forced recruitment. He was born on August 4, 1725.
  • James Watt's steam engine

    James Watt's steam engine
    James Watt didn't invent the steam engine. However, he improved the engine apparatus. In 1764 Watt observed a flaw in the Newcomen steam engine. And that was that it wasted a lot of steam. Watt deduced that the waste resulted from the steam engine's single-cylinder design.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte

    Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoléon Bonaparte, AKA Napoleon, was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution. He led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars. He was the leader of the French Republic as First Consul from 1799 to 1804 but was exiled twice because of the chaos he was inflicting on the French people.
  • Louis XVI’s death

    Louis XVI’s death
    Louis XVI was the King of France right before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was also known as Citizen Louis Capet during the time before he was guillotined. In 1765, after the death of his father (Dauphin of France) he became the new Dauphin.
  • Vendee rebellion

    Vendee rebellion
    The War in the Vendée was a counter-revolution in the Vendée region of France during the French Revolution. It was a rural province in south-western France, but during the spring of 1793, it became the location of the largest counter-revolutionary uprising of the French Revolution.
  • The law of suspects

    The law of suspects
    The Law of Suspects made it so that those who despised liberty and/or those who didn’t contribute to their government through divided duty could be killed. Pretty much anyone could go to the chopping block next. People began to see terror as the new order. 18,000 people were guillotined and 25,000 were killed otherwise.
  • the first turnpike

    the first turnpike
    The Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike was the first long-distance paved road built in the United States. It links Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia at 34th Street, stretching for sixty-two miles. It was a major milestone in the era of newly developing transportation methods.
  • Olaudah Equiano's death

    Olaudah Equiano's death
    Olaudah Equiano, known for most of his life as Gustavus Vassa, was a writer and abolitionist from, according to his memoir, the Eboe region of the Kingdom of Benin. Enslaved as a child in Africa, he was taken to the Caribbean and sold as a slave to a Royal Navy officer. He died on March 31, 1797.
  • The French Revolution beginning

    The French Revolution beginning
    The revolution began on July 14, 1789 when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. It was a period of political and societal change in France that began with the Estates General of 1789. France would be forever changed.
  • French Revolution ending

    French Revolution ending
    On November 9, 1799, as frustration with their leadership reached its climax, napoleon staged a coup, appointing himself France's “first consul.” He took power, ending the chaos yet starting more. The event marked the end of the French Revolution.
  • Battle of Borodino

    Battle of Borodino
    The Battle of Borodino took place on 7 September, 1812 during Napoleon's French invasion of Russia. The Grande Armée won the battle against the Imperial Russian Army with casualties in a ratio 2:3, but failed to gain a decisive victory. The casualties and loss of life at the Battle of Borodino were: 20,000 wounded, 10,000 dead on the French side.
  • The invention of the mortsafe

    The invention of the mortsafe
    The mortsafe was invented around 1816 to keep the buried body and coffin safe from burglars. These were (usually iron) devices of great weight, in many different designs. Often they were complex heavy iron contraptions of rods and plates, padlocked together. Used in the Victorian era.
  • The invention of the safety coffin

    The invention of the safety coffin
    The security coffin designed by alerted a cemetery night watchman by a bell which was activated by a rope connected to strings attached to the hands, feet and head of the 'corpse'. The bell housing prevented the alarm from sounding by wind or birds landing on it. It was a great fear of Victorians that they might be incorrectly pronounced dead and then buried alive.
  • Iron horse race

    Iron horse race
    This was a race between Peter Cooper's diminutive Tom Thumb locomotive and the horse-drawn Baltimore and Ohio. Railroad cars demonstrated the superiority of steam power. Ultimately winning over the people to prove that trains were faster than horses.
  • Victorian era begins

    Victorian era begins
    On William IV's death in 1837, Victoria became Queen at the age of 18. She is associated with Britain's great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and, especially, empire. Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set.
  • Post-Mortem photography

    Post-Mortem photography
    Post-mortem photography is the practice of photographing a dead family member (pre decay). It was common in the Victorian era. The invention of the daguerreotype in 1839 made it more affordable to families who wanted to remember their passed-away loved ones.
  • Treaty of Nanjing

    Treaty of Nanjing
    The Treaty of Nanking was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and Qing Dynasty in China on August 29, 1842. Lin Tse-Hsu was a Chinese official sent to Britain to stop illegal trade of Opium from Britain. His tactics were rounding up the addiction, punishing the traders, and destroying and seizing British land.
  • The Hundred days

    The Hundred days
    The Hundred Days, also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, was the period between Napoleon's return from exile to the island of Elba to Paris in March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815. Napoleon marched into Paris with his supporters, having escaped from exile in Elba. Napoleon's 'Hundred Days' would be end by the battle of Waterloo in June, which forced his abdication.
  • Treaty of Kanagawa

    Treaty of Kanagawa
    The Convention of Kanagawa, also known as the Kanagawa Treaty or the Japan–US Treaty of Peace and Amity, was a treaty signed between the United States and the Tokugawa Shogunate on March 31, 1854. It was a trade treaty established and instigated by Matthew Perry.
  • Necropolis train opens

    Necropolis train opens
    London Necropolis railway station was the Waterloo, London terminus of the London Necropolis Railway. The London Necropolis Railway was opened in 1854 as a reaction to severe overcrowding in London's existing graveyards and cemeteries. Most people did not like that their family members were buried so far away and hence the graveyard closed due to inactivity.
  • Albert, Prince Consort death

    Albert, Prince Consort death
    Prince Albert was the consort of Queen Victoria from their marriage on February 10, 1840 until his death in 1861. Albert was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. When he died, Queen Victoria showed all under her rule the fashionable and acceptable way to mourn. This included wearing black for several years and acting depressed.
  • The Meiji Revolt

    The Meiji Revolt
    The Meiji Restoration, also known as the Meiji Renovation, was a political event that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Some reforms were the Abolition of the feudal system, land redistribution, modern high school system, modernized army (modeled after Prussia) and navy (modeled after Britain), the constitution, human rights, and emperor worship.
  • The last Czar

    The last Czar
    In Yekaterinburg, Russia, Czar Nicholas II and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks, bringing an end to the three-century-old Romanov dynasty. They were executed by firing squad and then buried. The deaths, though, provided room for theories about survivors.
  • LaBelle Epoque

    LaBelle Epoque
    Translating literally to "The Beautiful Era", LaBelle Epoque is the term given to a period of French and European history, usually dated to between 1871–80 and the outbreak of World War I in 1914. some characteristics of the era are a population in growth, medicines, and vaccines. Also growth of urban areas and cities.
  • the Eiffel Tower

    the Eiffel Tower
    The Eiffel Tower is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. It was originally supposed to be taken down after 20 years, but some people put a radio antenna at the top to make if of more use.
  • Queen Victoria Birth

    Queen Victoria Birth
    Queen Victoria was Queen of Great Britain from June 20, 1837 until her death in 1901. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than any previous British monarch. She influenced much of the way people lived during her time reigning, including their dress, mannerisms, and regular daily practices.
  • the Dreyfus Affair

    the Dreyfus Affair
    The Dreyfus affair was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906. Dreyfus was saint to devils island as punishment for his scandal but it trend out that he was not the one who should have been held accountable. He was given new trill in 1899.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Rebellion
    The Boxer Rebellion, the Boxer Uprising was an anti-foreign, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising in China between 1899 and 1901. The boxers practiced shadow boxing which they believed made them bullet-proof. They were more formally known as the society of Riteous and Harmonious fists.
  • Russo-Japanese war

    Russo-Japanese war
    The Russo-Japanese War was fought between the Empire of Japan and the Russian Empire during 1904 and 1905 over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and the Korean Empire. Russia conquered on land and Japan in the water. Japan wins and becomes recognized as a world power.
  • Alexi’s birth

    Alexi’s birth
    Alexei Nikolaevich was the last Tsesarevich. He was the youngest child and only son of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna. He was born with hemophilia, which his parents kept a secret and then tried treating with the methods of a weird faith healer, Grigori Rasputin.
  • Portsmouth treaty

    Portsmouth treaty
    The Treaty of Portsmouth ended the 1904–1905 Russo-Japanese War. It was signed on September 5, 1905, after negotiations at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Maine, United States. It was established by Theodore Roosevelt. Japan becomes recognized as a world power.
  • WWI begins

    WWI begins
    The Great War began on June 28, 1914, with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his family. The causes of World War I include politics, secret alliances, imperialism, and nationalistic pride. But this assasination was the main event that started World War I.
  • America joins WWI

    America joins WWI
    The RMS Lusitania was torpedoed by an Imperial German Navy U-boat during the First World War on 7 May 1915, about 11 miles off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland. This caused uprising and upset in America. So we joined the war!
  • Russian rev. Begins

    Russian rev. Begins
    The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution that took place in the former Russian Empire which began during the First World War. This period saw Russia abolish its monarchy and adopt a socialist form of government. After that there were two revolutions and a civil war.
  • Nicholas is abdicated

    Nicholas is abdicated
    The Russian Revolution followed the Romanov dynasty, and Nicholas II was abdicated. The royal family was arrested by the Bolsheviks and held in seclusion. On July 17, 1918, the Bolsheviks murdered Nicholas, his family, and their closest servants
  • Red Terror Campaign

    Red Terror Campaign
    The Red Terror in Soviet Russia was a campaign of political repression and executions carried out by the Bolsheviks, chiefly through the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police. This was under the rule of Lenin. Soon after, Stalin takes control over Russia.
  • Armistice day

    Armistice day
    Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany. The war ended on the 11th month on the 11th day in the 11th hour. Everyone was rejoicing so they made it a holiday.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles, signed at the end of World War I, put into words the peace terms between the (victorious) Allies and Germany. It held Germany responsible for starting the war and imposed harsh penalties like loss of territory, massive payments and demilitarization.
  • Leon Trotsky exiled

    Leon Trotsky exiled
    After Lenin died (January 1924) Joseph Stalin took over, Trotsky gradually lost his government positions. The Politburo eventually expelled him from the Soviet Union in February 1929. He spent the rest of his life in exile.