Urbanization happened in 4300 BCE and was a population shift from rural to urban areas. Urbanization brought noise, traffic jams, pollution, and health problems to the world.
Imperialism began in the 1400s and is the practice of maintaining power over other nations. It affected the world because culture and industry was destroyed.
The Older Order
The Older Order happened from the 15th-18th century and was the social/political order that happened in France. It consisted of the first estate, second estate, and third estate which were the different social standings. People of the third estate began to call for change when they realized how unfair the system was.
Colonial violence began in 1492 and started with Columbus's expedition. The 3 main issues was the controlling, money, and the cultural system. It effected the world because it changed the Native American communities forever.
English Civil War
The English Civil War was fought between 1642 and 1651 consisted of 3 wars which were caused by disagrements over religion/how the king was using his power. The War's effects were that King Charles | got executed, and Britain had its first army.
The American Revolution happened between 1775 and 1783 where the 13 Colonies gained independence. Its biggest effect was that people began to gain indepence through voting.
The French Revolution was a time of significant societal unrest that happened between 1787 and 1799. It ended the feudal system, abolished a kingdom and its ruler, established civil laws, and ensured that everybody was fairly represented in government.
The Haitian Revolution happened between 1791 and 1804 and was the Africans and their descendants who had been enslaved by the French that overthrew the French government in Haiti.
Struggles and transformations in China
Struggles in China began in 1839-1860 due to the Opium Wars. The Qing dynasty reigned over about 410 million people by the 1800's but China still remained a divided nation. They ended up suffering from land shortages, mismanagement, and money loss.
This was the first stage in the German Rev. It upended the semi-feudal bureaucratic order.
In 1857, a rebellion against British rule in India began. It was very widespread but also very unsuccessful. This ended up changing the way Britain ruled.
He was a Russian mystic and holy man. He is best known for having befriended the imperial family of Nicholas II.
Peasants had really hard lives and their work days lasted 16 or more hours. The working conditions were very bad, they were overworked and under fed.
The Meiji Restoration happened in 1868 in Tokugawa Shogun, Japan. It was was a political development that brought back effective imperial control.
Latin America Revolutions
The Latin America Revolutions were revolutions that liberated the area from colonial rule and ushered in Latin American freedom. There were multiple that happened in Mexico (1910), Bolivia (1952), Cuba (1959), and Nicaragua 1979.
First World War
The First World War was a conflict that was fought for more than 4 years and killed between 15-19 million people. It impacted the world because it devestated the global economy and it contributed to outbreaks of disease that killed millions of people.
The Total War was a series of "games" developed by British. It described the size and devestation of the war. It included soldiers and civilians.
The Russian Revolution started in 1917 and lasted until 1923. It was a period of political and social change within Russia. It paved the way for the rise of communism and political belief around the world.
The Sino-Japanese war began in 1937 and ended in 1945. It was fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. It ended with China recognizing the independence of Korea.
Indigenous Resistance in Africa
Indigenous people in Africa faced changes in the economic freedoms and social liberties. They tried to change this by slowing down at work, giving people fake directions, and sabotage.
Indigenous Resistance in India
Indigenous people in India suffered from poverty, malnurition, diseases, upheaval, and economic explotion. They tried to fight back by using non violent movements but quickly started to revolt and use armed uprisings.
Indigenous Resistance in China
Indigenous people in China suffered from the loss of land, recources, and traditions. They attempted to resist by reforming to modernization, and wanted to develop stregnth to resists intrusions from foreigners.
Bloody sunday was a massacre when British soldiers shot about 30 unarmed civilians. This caused the Federal Government to take action.
Varanasi is a city in India and it gained independence from Asia/Africa by 2008. The things that happened there were motivated by promis of plundering the enviornment, subjugating populations, and persistant institutions of colonialism.