History Final

  • Period: 1300 to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance was a period in European history, regarded as the cultural bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. It started as a cultural movement in Italy in the Medieval period and later spread to the rest of Europe, marking the beginning of the Modern age.
  • 1346

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1346 to 1353.
  • 1417

    Brunelleschi works on dome of Florence Cathedral

    Brunelleschi works on dome of Florence Cathedral
    Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 – April 15, 1446) was an Italian designer and a key figure in architecture, one of the founding fathers of the Renaissance, developing a technique for linear perspective in art and for building the dome of the Florence Cathedral.
  • 1469

    Lorenzo de Medici, "The Magnificent"

    Lorenzo de Medici, "The Magnificent"
    Lorenzo de Medici was an Italian statesman and de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic, who was the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of the Renaissance.
  • 1498

    Leonardo da Vinci: The Last Supper

    Leonardo da Vinci: The Last Supper
    The Last Supper is a late 15th-century mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci, It is one of the world's most recognizable paintings. Leonardo has depicted the consternation that occurred among the Twelve Disciples when Jesus announced that one of them would betray him.
  • Period: 1550 to

    Age of Absolutism

    The Age of Absolutism describes a period of European history in which monarchs successfully gathered the wealth and power of the state to themselves. Louis XIV is the poster image of the absolute monarch. When he said "L'etat c'est moi" (I am the state) he was to a great extent correct.
  • 1558

    Elizabeth I succeeds to the throne in England

    Elizabeth I succeeds to the throne in England
    Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last monarch of the House of Tudor.
  • 1571

    The Battle of Lepanto

    The Battle of Lepanto
    The Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement taking place on October 7th, 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, of which the Venetian Empire and the Spanish Empire were the main powers, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras.
  • The Spanish Armada in 1588

    The Spanish Armada in 1588
    The Spanish Armada was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from La Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England. In the end the Armada was defeated.
  • Shakespeare: Hamlet

    Shakespeare: Hamlet
    The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between 1599 and 1602.
  • the English Civil War 1642-1649

    the English Civil War 1642-1649
    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over, principally, the manner of England's government.
  • Period: to


    The Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
  • Peter the Great

    Peter the Great
    Peter the Great or Peter Alexeyevich ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment.
  • Louis XIV created the Palace of versailles May 6th, 1682

    Louis XIV created the Palace of versailles May 6th, 1682
    The Palace of Versailles is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. Versailles is famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.
  • Mary Astell

    Mary Astell
    Serious Proposal to the ladies is one of the most important and neglected works advocating the establishment of women’s academies. Its reception was so controversial that Astell responded with a lengthy sequel. Astell’s Proposal was imitated by Defoe in his “An Academy for Women,” parodied in the Tatler, satirized on the stage, plagiarized by Bishop Berkeley, and later mocked by Gilbert and Sullivan in Princess Ida.
  • The Encyclopedia

    The Encyclopedia
    Denis Diderot was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.
    Diderot's literary reputation during his lifetime rested primarily on his plays and his contributions to the Encyclopédie.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.
  • Cesare Beccaria (On Crimes and Punishments)

     Cesare Beccaria (On Crimes and Punishments)
    On Crimes and Punishments marked the high point of the Enlightenment. In it, Beccaria put forth some of the first modern arguments against the death penalty. It was also the first full work of penology, advocating reform of the criminal law system. The book was the first full-scale work to tackle criminal reform and to suggest that criminal justice should conform to rational principles.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America.
  • Improvements to the Steam Engine

    Improvements to the Steam Engine
    James Watt was a Scottish inventor, who improved on Thomas Newcomen's steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, 1775, kicked off the American Revolutionary War (1775-83). Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts.
  • Battle of bunker Hill

    Battle of bunker Hill
    The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts.
  • America Declares its Independence

    America Declares its Independence
    The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule.
  • Siege of Charleston

    Siege of Charleston
    The Siege of Charleston was a major engagement fought between March 29 to May 12, 1780 during the American Revolutionary War. The British, following the collapse of their northern strategy and their withdrawal from Philadelphia, shifted their focus to the American Southern Colonies. After approximately six weeks of siege, Major General Benjamin Lincoln, commanding the Charleston garrison, surrendered his forces to the British, resulting in one of the worst American defeats of the war.
  • U.S. Constitution replaces the Articles of Confederation

    U.S. Constitution replaces the Articles of Confederation
    The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution. It was approved, after much debate, by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, and sent to the states for ratification. The Articles of Confederation came into force on March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. It was seen by the revolutionaries as a symbol of the monarchy's abuses of power.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
  • Thomas Paine's Rights of Man

    Thomas Paine's Rights of Man
    The Rights of Man including 31 articles, posits that popular political revolution is permissible when a government does not safeguard the natural rights of its people. Using these points as a base it defends the French Revolution against Edmund Burke's attack in Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790).It was published in two parts in March 1791 and February 1792.
  • France declares war on Austria and Prussia

    France declares war on Austria and Prussia
    The Legislative Assembly, France's governing body, declared war on Austria and Prussia. Because Revolutionaries wanted war so they can unify the country, and had a genuine desire to spread the ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe.
  • Eli Whitney patents the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney patents the Cotton Gin
    In 1794, U.S.-born inventor Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, a machine that revolutionized the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber.
  • Thomas Paines The Age of Reason

    Thomas Paines The Age of Reason
    The Age of Reason; Being an Investigation of True and Fabulous Theology is a work by English and American political activist Thomas Paine, arguing for the philosophical position of Deism. It follows in the tradition of eighteenth-century British deism, and challenges institutionalized religion and the legitimacy of the Bible.
  • Georges Danton Executed

    Georges Danton Executed
    Georges Jacques Danton was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed
  • Period: to

    Napoleonic Era

    The Napoleonic era is a period in the history of France and Europe. It is generally classified as including the fourth and final stage of the French Revolution, the first being the National Assembly, the second being the Legislative Assembly, and the third being the Directory.
  • The Treaty of Amiens

    The Treaty of Amiens
    The Treaty of Amiens temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and Great Britain during the French Revolutionary Wars. It was signed in the city of Amiens on 25 March 1802
  • Napoleon Become Emperpor

    Napoleon Become Emperpor
    The coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French took place on Sunday December 2, 1804 at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. It marked "the instantiation of modern empire" and was a "transparently masterminded piece of modern propaganda".
  • Treaty of Tilsit

    Treaty of Tilsit
    The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807. The treaties were made at the expense of the Prussian king, who had already agreed to a truce on 25 June after the Grande Armée had pursued him to the easternmost frontier of his realm.
  • German Campaign

    German Campaign
    The German Campaign was fought in 1813. Members of the Sixth Coalition fought a series of battles in Germany against the French Emperor Napoleon and his Marshals, which liberated the German states from the domination of the First French Empire.
  • Napoleon Exile

    Napoleon Exile
    He was exiled to the island of Elba near Rome and the Bourbons were restored to power. However, Napoleon escaped from Elba in February 1815 and took control of France once again.
  • The Battle of Waterloo

    The Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led Allied army, and a Prussian army.
  • Napoleon Dies

    Napoleon Dies
    Napoleon was subsequently exiled to the island of Saint Helena off the coast of Africa. Six years later he died,and in 1840 his body was returned to Paris, where it was interred in the Hotel des Invalides.
  • Samuel Morse inverts the telegraph

    Samuel Morse inverts the telegraph
    Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an inventor. In his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
  • Henry Ford creates the Model T

    Henry Ford creates the Model T
    The Ford Model T is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American; some of this was because of Ford's efficient fabrication, including assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting.
  • Period: to

    The Age of The Great One King (Just Because I got Bored)

    In this age The Great One King real name was Cecil Joseph Barlow, his reign name was One. For the reason being this name is still unknown, but many historians believe he gave himself that name because he knew one day he would be great.
  • The Cure

    The Cure
    In 2030, Cecil made The Cure, for The Cure is a vaccine for most deadly viruses like HIV, malaria, and infectious diarrhea (14,500 deaths/year).
  • The One Nation Army

    The One Nation Army
    Cecil Buys many Gov. and army's around the world, make it the larges army in history, Cecil also invents worlds first smart gun and found away to make antimatter weapons
  • The United World

    The United World
    By this time Cecil has united the world under one flag, Many country's and nations have been united into 40 sections all of them report to Cecil. Cecil also made four Great Nations each one has 10 sections the four Great Nations where given to the four most loyal people to him and each Great Nation a Section to their most loyal friends.
  • The Rebels

    The Rebels
    The Rebels are a group of people who didn't not favor The Great One. The rebels where in the First Great Nation, the Masons Lands, the Masons Lands are not owned by the Free Masons ( the Free Masons were all exuded by Cecil because he believed that they were a virus), it was owned by the Great One's best friend Mason Moore, Cecil acted quickly and End the rebels and Mason's movements of taking his throne.
  • The End War

    The End War
    At this time Cecil said "That the End is Near" The Great Nation Kings Know that The One Great King was not lying when he said that and they know that Cecil was going to go out guns blazing and three of the four great kings ready their army's for an all out fight with the King, but in the end they couldn't beat the King because his personal army had Tech. and weapons the were far more formidable. the Four Great Nation know that if it was to Live on that they would have to work with Cecil.
  • The End War Cont.

    The End War Cont.
    The Fourth Great Nation Sided with Cecil, and for that Cecil honored them and give them a ship that he and greater minds made. The ship called Argo II was made for space travel. Cecil helped the Fourth Great Nation Leave Earth before Cecil's mightiest weapon was used killing the world and the solar system.