Makayla's World History Timeline

  • May 29, 1453

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople
    The Ottoman Empire, an Islamic empire, conquered Constantinople and took over trade operations in the Middle East. The empire would spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa until 1919.
  • Nov 17, 1558

    Elizabeth l becomes Queen of England

    Elizabeth l becomes Queen of England
    Queen of England and Ireland who succeeded the Mary I, a Catholic, and reestablished Protestantism in England. She was queen until her death. Queen Elizabeth was also called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess.
  • England defeats the Spanish Armada

    England defeats the Spanish Armada
    A Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    Tokugawa Shogunate
    Tokugawa clan takes over imperial Japan and establishes itself as the Shogun. They establish the capital at Kyoto and rule until 1957.
  • The Thirty Years War

    The Thirty Years War
    A series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It was one of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history.
  • The English Civil War

    The English Civil War
    Series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over the manner of England's government.
  • Manchus found the Qing Dynasty in China

    Manchus found the Qing Dynasty in China
    The Qing dynasty, Empire of the Great Qing or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.
  • Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia

    Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia
    Ian V ruled until 1682, when Ian died in 1696, Peter was officially declared Sovereign of Russia.
  • The British Colonization of India

    The British Colonization of India
    The British used this opportunity to kick out the other colonial powers from India. By the 18th century, India was under a crisis.
  • The Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution
    Took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial.
  • Catherine the Great becomes Czarina of Russia

    Catherine the Great becomes Czarina of Russia
    Catherine the Great, was born on May 2, 1729, in Stettin, Prussia, and became the Russian empress in 1762. Under her reign, Russia expanded its territories and modernized.
  • The British colonies of North America declare their Independence

    The British colonies of North America declare their Independence
    On this day in 1776, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.
  • The French Revolution

    The French Revolution
    A period of far-reaching social and political in France and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
  • The Napoleonic Age

    The Napoleonic Age
    The Napoleonic Age is a period in the history of France and Europe. It is classified as the fourth and final stage of the French Revolution.
  • Mexico declares its independence from Spain

    Mexico declares its independence from Spain
    Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, launched the Mexican War of Independence with the issuing of his “Cry of Delores.” The revolutionary tract called for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico, redistribution of land, and racial equality.
  • The Unification of Italy

    The Unification of Italy
    The Unification of Italy, was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
  • The Great Reform Bill of 1832

    The Great Reform Bill of 1832
    an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
  • The Opium Wars

    The Opium Wars
    The Opium Wars were two wars in the mid-19th century involving Anglo-Chinese disputes over British trade in China and China's sovereignty.
  • The Great Potato Famine

    The Great Potato Famine
    The Great Famine or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852.
  • Karl Marx and Frederic Engels publish The Communist Manifesto

    Karl Marx and Frederic Engels publish The Communist Manifesto
    The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx is published in London by a group of German-born revolutionary socialists known as the Communist League.
  • The Taiping Rebellion

    The Taiping Rebellion
    Taiping Civil War was a massive rebellion or civil war in China between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the millenarian movement of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace.
  • The Suez Canal

    The Suez Canal
    An artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. It was constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869.
  • Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species

    Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species
    The Origin of Species published on November 24, 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection.
  • The Civil War begins in the United States

    The Civil War begins in the United States
    A civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    A presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
  • The Meiji Restoration

    The Meiji Restoration
    The Meiji Restoration was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
  • The Unification of Germany

    The Unification of Germany
    The third and final act of German unification was the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, with the French defeat, the German Empire was proclaimed in January 1871 in the Palace at Versailles, France.
  • The Berlin Conference

    The Berlin Conference
    The Berlin Conference also known as the Congo Conference or West Africa Conference, regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period.
  • The Russo-Japanese War

    The Russo-Japanese War
    This war was fought between Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial in Manchuria and Korea.
  • The Mexican Revolution

    The Mexican Revolution
    The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle. Recent research has focused on local and regional of the Mexican Revolution. It was a "genuinely national revolution."
  • The Chinese Revolution

    The Chinese Revolution
    The Chinese Revolution of 1912. In October of 1912, a group of revolutionaries in southern China led a successful revolt against the Qing Dynasty, establishing in its place the Republic of China and ending the imperial system.
  • World War l begins

    World War l begins
    The immediate cause was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary. A Serbian nationalist with ties to the secretive military group known as the Black Hand, major European military powers towards war.
  • The Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the eventual rise of the Soviet Union