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Unit 3 mueggenborg

  • Period: Apr 25, 1420 to Apr 25, 1460

    Henry the Navigator

    a Portuguese prince, figured strongly in Portugal's early development as a colonial empire, responsible for direction of series of expeditions along the African coast in the 15th century also responsible for the beginning of the European worldwide explorations
  • Period: Apr 25, 1492 to Apr 25, 1503


    a navigator, colonizer, and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean led to general European awareness of the American continents, in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China
  • Period: Apr 25, 1492 to

    Creation of the colonies in the new world

    Europe started to colonize the new world from the years 1492 to 1898 starting with Colombus's voyage. They colonized in North America creating the 13 colnies from 1607 to 1763 and in South America from 1492 to 1898.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1492 to

    Columbian Exchange

    widespread exchange of animal, plants, culture (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1497 to Apr 25, 1498

    Vasco de Gama

    Portuguese explorer. In 1497–1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route
  • Period: Apr 25, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    One of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. Established by Ismail Safavi, who declared Iran a Shi’ite state.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1502 to Apr 25, 1520


    Spanish conquistador, he defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico.
  • Apr 25, 1517

    Protestant reformation

    Protestant reformation
    religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1519 to Apr 25, 1522

    Ferdinad Magellan

    Portuguese explorer, sailed from Spain, rounding South America through the strait that now bears his name, and reached the Philippines , He was then killed in a fight on Cebu; the survivors sailed back to Spain around Africa, completing the first circumnavigation of the globe
  • Period: Apr 25, 1524 to Apr 25, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro

    Spanish conquistador. Defeated the Inca empire andset up a puppet monarchy at Cuzco. He built his own capital at Lima where he was assassinated
  • Period: Apr 25, 1526 to Apr 25, 1530


    First Mogul emperor of India, He invaded India (1525) and conquered the territory that extended from the Oxus to Patna.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

    imperial power that ruled the Indian subcontinent, Established by Babur in India. Muslim state exercising dominion over most of India
  • Apr 25, 1543

    Scientific Revolution

    Scientific Revolution
    a period when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences led to a rejection of doctrines that had prevailed from Ancient Greece through the Middle Ages, and laid the foundation of modern science.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1564 to


    Enlightnement scientist , a mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries
  • Period: Apr 25, 1582 to

    Matteo Ricci

    He helped translate many Western works on mathematics and the sciences into Chinese. His maps were eagerly perused by the Chinese, who gained from him their first notion of modern Europe. In return, Ricci sent back to Europe the first modern detailed report on China. He composed a number of treatises, the principal being a catechism, True Doctrine of God, which was widely printed in China.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa shogunate

    a feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family. The last of the three shogunates of Japan.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years war

    a series of conflicts between Protestants and Catholics starting in Germany and spreading until France and Denmark and Sweden were opposing the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. It was ended by the Treaty of Westphalia.
  • Period: to


    A philosophical movement of the that emphasized the use of reason to study previously accepted doctrines and traditions that brought about many humanitarian reforms.
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The last imperial dynasty of China. During the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu, they fall of the Qing dynasty was due to revolutionaries.
  • Period: to

    Triangle Trade

    triangular trade is the export of commodities to different regions, usually circulating from America to Europe and to Africa.
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    Ruled Russia and the Russian Empire until his death. Carried out a policy of modernization and expansion. Made Russia into a major European power
  • Period: to

    French-Indian war

    A war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by American Indian tribes). the war erupted into the world-wide conflict known as the Seven Years' War and thus came to be.
  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great

    She reigned as Empress of Russia and Under her direct auspices the Russian Empire expanded, improved its administration, and continued to modernize along Western European lines.
  • Period: to

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette

    They both ruled france from1774 to 1791 and was later suspended and arrested as part of the insurrection of the 10th of August during the French Revolution, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of high treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793 as "Citoyen Louis Capet". He is the only king of France ever to be executed.
  • Period: to

    American revolution

    Political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America.
  • Declaration of the rights of man

    Declaration of the rights of man
    The Declaration of the Rights of Man is a fundamental document of the French Revolution, It defines the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal. It was the first step toward a constitution for france.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris on the morning of July 14, 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution
  • Period: to

    French revolution

    the revolution of the people against the monarchy in France: it began in 1789, resulted in the establishment of a republic, and ended in 1799 with the Consulate under Napoleon
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revoluiton

    The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a period of brutal conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, leading to the elimination of slavery and the establishment of Haiti as the first republic ruled by people of African ancestry. Although hundreds of rebellions occurred in the New World during the centuries of slavery,
  • Period: to


    Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile
  • Period: to

    Congress of Vienna

    European conference held at Vienna from 1814-15 to settle the territorial problems left by the Napoleonic Wars
  • Waterloo

    he battle on 18 June 1815 in which Prussian and British forces under Blucher and the Duke of Wellington routed the French forces under Napoleon.