The Ottoman Empire, an Islamic Empire, conquered Constantinople and took over trade operations in the Middle East. This empire would spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa until 1919.
Nov 17, 1558
Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
Elizabeth I , was the female monarch of England. She was the last of the Tudor Dynasty. One motto she had was "I see but I say nothing". Unfortunately, her rule ended in 1603 when she passed away.
England defeats the Spanish Armada
A group made up of 130 ships, in use by the Spanish, traveled their way across the sea in hope to defeat England. The leaders of this were Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake.
Tokgugawa clan takes over imperial Japan and establishes itself as the Shogun. They establish the capital at Kyoto and rule until 1857
The Thirty Years War
Lasting for 30 years, this war was one of the longest and most destructive wars in all of European history. This was a war over religion between the Protestants and Roman Catholics eventually, turning into a war about power in Europe.
The English Civil War
This was a war over the way England government ruled. It was was fought between Parliamentarians and Royalists. This war is also known as "The Great Rebellion".
Manchus found the Qing Dynasty in China
The Qing Dynasty dominated most of China for hundreds of years. It was the last imperial dynasty that China had.
Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia
He was the 14th child in his family , him and his brother took the throne in 1682 until his brother died. In 1696 , he was crowned Crza of Russia
The British Colonization of India
Great Britain and France were fighting for dominance during this time. Great Britain won and was later know as "the jewel in the britain crown".
The Industrial Revolution
Before this event took place , people would craft or make things on their own. With this taking place people went from handmade to machine made.
Catherine the Great becomes Czarina of Russia
After the death of Empress Elizabeth, Peter the Great was given the throne and Catherine the Great was appointed to empress. With her in power , Russia was able to expand its territory and become more modern.
The British colonies of North America declare their Independence
A document well known as "The Declaration of Independence" was made. This document stated that the United States was declaring independence from Great Britain and its king.
The French Revolution
The government, a monarchy , was over thrown and the Roman Catholic Church was reconstructed. The war ended in 1799 when Napoleon Bonaparte became the dictator.
The Napoleonic Age
During this time, Napoleon Bonaparte was in power. The Napoleonic Wars took place from 1803-1815 between France and the United Kingdom.
Mexico declares its independence from Spain
The Great Reform Bill of 1832
The Opium Wars
Two wars known as the First Opium War and the Second Opium War. It involved Britain and Anglo-Chinese fighting over trade in China.
The Great Potato Famine
It was a time filled with massive amounts of disease and hunger. It killed over a million men and women and caused another million to flee. It lasted till 1852.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto"
The Unification of Italy
The Taiping Rebellion
A massive civil war that took place in China between the Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the religious movement of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace. It began when Hong Xiuquan said he was the brother of Jesus and that he was going to overthrow the Qing dynasty.
The Unification of Germany
Many wars took place in order to make Germany come together . The third and final war that took place was the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.
The Suez Canal
A waterway in Egypt that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. It is used a lot to ship goods.
Charles Darwin publishes "The Origin of Species"
The Civil War begins in the United States
General Beauregard took fire on South Carolina's , Charleston Bay. In the next 34 hours over 4,000 shots were fired.
The Emancipation Proclamation
A presidential order declared by President, Abraham Lincoln. This helped end slavery and set people free.
The Meiji Restoration
A chain of events that led to fixing imperial rule in Japan. At the time, was under rule by Emperor Meiji.
The Berlin Conference
Dealt with European trade and colonization in Africa. It changed boundaries on political view in Africa.
The Russo-Japanese War
A war between the Russian and Japanese empire , fight to dominate Korea and Manchuria. It ended in 1905.
The Mexican Revolution
This began because of the middle-class. They wanted to over throw the dictator , Porfirio Diaz. It ended around 1920.
The Chinese Revolution
The Qing Dynasty is destroyed as the Chinese fought for power. It was lead by Mao Zedong.
World War I begins
World War 1 was one of the most global wars fought in history, Some historians believe that it was caused due to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo. The war lasted for about 4 years, ending on November 11th, 1918.
The Russian Revolution
Two revolutions broke out in Russia during this time period that would later cause the formation of The Soviet Union. During this time they had lots of food shortages and people started losing faith in Czar Nicholas II ability to lead.