Helps to contribute to the spread of ideas and to the Protestant Reformation.
May 5, 732
Battle of Tours (end of Muslim move towards France)
May 5, 1054
Schism of Greek and Latin Christian Churches divides Christianity permanently into two geographical and denominational halves – Catholic and Orthodox.
May 5, 1066
Norman Conquest of England
May 5, 1071
Seljuk defeat of Byzantines (Battle of Manzikert)
May 5, 1095
Series of Religious Wars with the goal of goal of restoring Christian access to holy places in and near Jerusalem.
May 5, 1206
Genghis Khan begins his conquest of Asia
May 5, 1215
Magna Carta signed by King John at Runnymede: beginning of constitutional rule
Document limiting the power of parliment in England.
May 5, 1258
Mongols sack Baghdad
Period: May 5, 1271 to May 5, 1295
Marco Polo travels
Period: May 5, 1300 to May 5, 1399
Rise of Ottomans
Ottomans were a strong group who, in time, developed an empire including the conquered city of Constantinople.
May 5, 1324
Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage
Period: May 5, 1325 to May 5, 1349
Travels of Ibn Battuta
Period: May 5, 1347 to May 5, 1348
Bubonic plague in Europe
May 5, 1433
End of Zheng He’s voyage
May 5, 1438
Rise of the Inca
May 5, 1453
Ottomans capture Constantinople
First group to actually capture the 'uncapturable' city.
May 5, 1486
Aztec Empire at its height
May 5, 1488
Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope
May 5, 1492
Columbus sailed to Hispaniola/Reconquista of Spain
Period: May 5, 1500 to
Kicks off the enlightment and was the age of questioning what was real or not. Part of the cause of the Protestant Reformation.
May 5, 1502
First African slaves transported to Caribbean
Began the slave trade; Atlantic Slave Trade.
May 5, 1517
Martin Luther/95 theses – Protestant Reformation
Began the protestant reformation going against the church and its present time beliefs.
May 5, 1521
Cortez conquered the Aztecs
May 5, 1533
Pizarro toppled the Inca
May 5, 1545
Discovery of silver at Potosi
May 5, 1571
Battle of Lepanto – naval defeat of Ottomans
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
Battle of Sekigahara – beginning of Tokugawa Shogunate
Founding of Jamestown (first slaves there in 1619)
Thirty Years War in Europe
End of Ming Dynasty – rise of the Qing
Enlightenment (starts in 1650, continues until 1800 or so)
The focus of the human form and ideas begin.
Establishment of Cape Town Colony
Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna
Glorious Revolution/English Bill of Rights
Industrial Revolution begins – steam locomotive, textiles, etc.
People begin to revolutionize technology.
7 years war/French and Indian War
Invention of the Spinning Jenny: man-using machines
The American Declaration of Independence
America declares its independence from England and says that its society is equal. One of the first places to use democracy.
American Revolution/Smith writes Wealth of Nations
French Revolution - The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, Olympe de Gouges’s “Declaration of the Rights of Women” (1791); and Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
French declare freedom and equality from its ruler. Partly influenced by America's revolution.
Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccination (earlier for Ottomans)
British Abolition of the slave trade
Latin American battles for independence (first Mexican Revolution)
Metternich hosts Congress of Vienna (Napoleonic Empire ends)
1st opium war between China and England
China refuses to accept Opium, hoping to protect its citizens. However, it fails and the spheres of influence of China begin.
European revolutions/Marx & Engels write Communist Manifesto / Seneca Falls Conference
Commodore Perry ‘opens’ Japan
Japan refuses to trade but the U.S. forces it to trade with them.
Sepoy Mutiny in India
End of Russian serfdom/Italian unification / US Emancipation Proclamation (1863)