Ap world history

Unit 5 Timeline

  • Toussaint L' Ouventure

    Toussaint L' Ouventure
    He was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. In 1802 he was forced to resign by forces sent by Napolean. He was reporded to France where he died in 1803. The Haitain Revolution continued under his lieutenant.
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    Unit 5 Timeline

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    Industrial Revolution

    A period where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology occured. Began in England, then spread to Europe, North America, and finally the rest of the world. Brought massive stimulus to global income and population, which began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. For the first time in history, the living standards of the masses of ordinary people have begun to undergo sustained growth.
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    Industrial Revolution

    A period where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology occured. Began in England, then spread to Europe, North America, and finally the rest of the world. Brought massive stimulus to global income and population, which began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth.
  • Louis the Fourteenth

    Louis the Fourteenth
    He ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. Suspended and arrested as part of the insurrection of the 10th of August during the French Revolution, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of high treason.
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    French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War was basically a war fought between the French and English colonies. Both nation's territories wanted more land. The English were along the coast, and the French were in the inside. English won the war. Therefore, the French lost almost all their territory.
  • Marie Antoinette

    Marie Antoinette
    At the height of the French Revolution, Louis XVI was deposed and the monarchy abolished on August 10, 1792; the royal family was subsequently imprisoned at the Temple Prison. Nine months later she was executed too.(1793)
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    Seven Years War

    This was a global military war between 1756 and 1763, involving most of the great powers of the time and affecting Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines. This resulted in many treaties.
  • Watt's Steam Engine

    Watt's Steam Engine
    This was the first engine to make use of steam at a pressure just above atmospheric to drive the piston helped by a partial vacuum. Dramatic increase in fuel efficiency. An improved version of the 1712 Newcomen engine by James Watt. The SI unit (watt) is named after James Watt.
  • Invention of the Spinning Jenny

    Invention of the Spinning Jenny
    Invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle near Blackburn, Lancashire in England. A multi-spool spinning frame. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn. Increased production capacity and speed of manufactured cotton materials.
  • Invention of the Water Frame

    Invention of the Water Frame
    Spinning frame uses water power to drive it. Richard Arkwright patented the technology in 1768. Based on an invention by Thomas Highs. Arkwright not the actual designer of the spinning frame, however, he was the first to make it work.
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    He is best remembered for the wars he led against a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars, during which he established hegemony over much of Europe and sought to spread revolutionary ideals.
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    American Revolution

    Colonies should pay an increased proportion of the costs associated with keeping them in the Empire, Britain imposed a series of direct taxes followed by other laws intended to demonstrate British authority, all of which proved extremely unpopular in America. The thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire.
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    French Revolution

    The Third Estate then held the Tennis Court Assembly, was the starting point of the French Revolution. Over the next years, the citizens of France would slowly tear apart the French Government, and even executed the King and Queen in 1793. In 1799, Napoleon ended the revolution by leading the Coup d'etat.
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    Storming of Bastille

    During this event, a group was formed of craftsmen and salesmen decided to fight back and ran to the Invalides to steal some weapons. The mob stole 28,000 riffles there, however no powder was to be found. The crowd knew that a pile of powder was stocked in the Bastille, a prison that was a symbol of the King's absolute and arbitrary power. So they decided to attack it.
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    Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution began in 1791, as the French slaves were fed up from the French rule. In 1791, the official war began-over 55,000 rebels fought against the slightly smaller Haitian army. The Haitian Rebels eventually won the war, in 1803, and Haiti be came an independent country.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Men

    Declaration of the Rights of Men
    This guaranteed free expression of ideas, equality before the law,and representative government. Rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
  • Whitney's Cotton Gin

    Whitney's Cotton Gin
    A machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds, a job formerly performed by hand. The invention of the cotton gin caused massive growth of the production of cotton in the United States, concentrated mostly in the South. Invented by Eli Whitney. This made short staple cotton into a profitable crop.
  • Britain outlaws Slave Trade

    Britain outlaws Slave Trade
    An Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom. Abolished the slave trade in the British Empire, but not slavery itself. Slavery had been abolished in England itself since 1772. Slavery remained legal in most of the British Empire until the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
  • Invention of the Telegraph

    Invention of the Telegraph
    A telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via telecommunication lines or radio. The first form of electrical telecommunications. Telegraph developed in 1836 by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail. Morse also developed Morse Code, the code used in communication.
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    Mexican Independence

    Armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish. Started as an idealistic peasants' rebellion against their colonial masters. Grito de Dolores, a battle cry given by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, urged the independence movement.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The congress took place to settle out issues arising from the French revolutionary, Napolenic wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Ended roughly around 1815.
  • End of Atlantic Slave Trade

    End of Atlantic Slave Trade
    The banning of the Atlantic Slave Trade was done through a diffusion of social movements demanding the end of slavery. With the last country to ban the Atlantic slave trade, Brazil. Despite this, a vibrant illegal trade continued to ship large numbers of enslaved people to Brazil and also to Cuba until the 1860s. Only after British Naval enforcement did it truly end.
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    It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last. The defeat at Waterloo put an end to Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French and marked the end of his Hundred Days' return from exile. This took place on Land not on water. Napolean was defeated here.
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    Brazilian Independence

    This was a series of political events occurred involving disputes between Brazil and Portugal. Brazilians had forced enlistment including foreign immigrants and slaves freeing slaves them to enlist in the army/navy. There are no solid, reliable statistics about the conflict.
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    Greek Independence

    The Ottoman oppression of the Greeks sparked the war of independence. Greeks fought for Liberty, Human Rights, Independence. Basicly they fought for their freedom and finally and after Russian pressure against Sultan, the independence of Greece was declared.
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    Dessolution of the Janissaries

    The dissolution of the janissaries included the events of the Young Turk Revolution and the establishment of the second constitutional era. They were slaves who formed the first standing army. Janissaries were enslaved sons captured during wars and they were given special training and privileges to be an elite force giving their loyalty only to the sultan.
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    Afrikaners' Great Trek

    This concludes of north-eastward migration away from British control in Cape Colony. Migrants were descended from settlers from western Europe. Led to the founding of numerous Boer republics. Led to many conflicts between Voortrekkers and native tribes, such as the Zulu.
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    Opium Wars

    The 1st Opium War was fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing Dynasty of China. Issues arose in the early 1800s when the British stopped trading silver and moved to Opium. The Chinese army was defeated very easily within the next three years, and as a result, Hong Kong was given to the British. the 1st Opium War marked the beginning of a period of despair for China; 1/3 of the pop. became addicted to Opium.
  • Revolutions in Austria, Germany, Hungary, and Italy

    Revolutions in Austria, Germany, Hungary, and Italy
    For Austria, the "February Revolution" sparked rebellion for liberal forms, also social reliance on serfdom doomed masses of people. For Hungary, March Laws provided for their indepence, also the Austrians invaded, which caused Hungarian armies to take action. For Italy, Italian nationalists and liberals seek to end foreign domination of Italy. There was lack of leadership and rural people did not support. For Germany, liberal demanded for constitutional government. The end, revolutions failed.
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    Imperialization of Africa

    A process of invasion, attack, occupation, and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period. Resistance from many already founded parts of Africa, but the Europeans, who were supported with the products of an industrial revolution. Eventually all of Africa was basiclly taken.
  • Commondore Matthew Perry in Japan

    Commondore Matthew Perry in Japan
    Embarked to Japan seeking a Japanese trade treaty. Mattews actions were informed by a careful study of Japan's previous contacts with Western ships and what could be known about the Japanese hierarchical culture. He was met by representatives of the Tokugawa Shogunate who told him to proceed to Nagasaki.
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    Crimean War

    The first major European conflict since the Napoleanic Wars. Fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French,British, and Ottoman Empire, withthe Kingdom of Sardinia. Part of a contest for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire. Most of the conflict took place on the Crimean Peninsula, hence the name Crimean War.
  • Britain takes over India

    Britain takes over India
    The British were just traders with the Indians making a small profit from india and controled no land to begin with.Then when the French and others threatened British trading in India, Britain thought it might as well at least try to stop the enemies from taking over India and kicking them out, so they attacked them and had many fantastic victories, before long, Britain had land on India, then more British came over to India once they found out how much money there was to be had.
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    Taiping Rebellion

    This concluded of a widespread civil war in southern China led by heterodox Christian Hon Xiuguan against the Qing Dynasty. 20 million people died.(1850-1864) This is known to be one of the bloodiest wars of all times.
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    Sepoy Rebellion

    Sepoys rebelled against the British East India Company's army in May, sparking many other rebellions throughout India. It threatened Company power, and was contained with the fall of Gawlior. This was a complete surprise to the British.
  • Emancipation of the Russian Serfs

    Emancipation of the Russian Serfs
    The first and most important of liberal reforms effected during the reign of Alexander II. The reform amounted of serf dependence previously suffered by peasants of the Russian empire. Serfdom was abolished earlier in some parts.
  • Meiji Restoration

    Meiji Restoration
    A chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure, and spanned both the late Edo period, and the beginning of the Meiji period.