Period:5,000 BCEto1,750 BCE
Kramer, History at SumerFirst Case of Tax Reduction takes place in the small town of Lagash in the twenty-fourth century B.C.but then developed the first Agriculture cultivation. Which is called Sumerian, this type of civilization develops great agricultural ideas and democracy at that time. .Some Inflated with grandiose ambitions for themselves and their state, some of these rulers resorted to deadly wars and conquest to librate all around the first civilization.
Women's Lives in Ancient PersiaWomen's lives and status in ancient times is a very complicated task and needs time and space. Fortification and Treasury texts discovered at Persepolis (509-438 BC) and documents recovered at Susa Babylonia and other major Mesopotamian cities. Status between different members in Acent Persia. Staus between royal's, nonroyals, new mothers and pregnant women are working for the men/husband in the family. Ancient Persia also kept contracts of marrage type situations.
Women's Legal Rights in Ancient EgyptAncient Egyptian legal rights extended to women. Like men, women could buy, sell, and manage the property. Egyptian women could work outside of the home and build wealth. They would inherit a third of their husband's estate in the event of his death. The structure of ancient Egyptian society also gave women the right to sue and play an active role in legal proceedings. In the views of ancient Egyptian Women's legal rights in marriage terms are arranged when women had reached puberty.
Law/Code of HammurabiThe Hammurabi code is a well-preserved stone by the Babylonians in ancient Mesopotamia. The Code, which was written down sometime around 1780 B.C. was created by Hammurabi, the sixth King of Babylon Babylon Babylon was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC. In how many laws in total is 282 rules. They also believed everything that happens to them such as weather, love, and religion is all based on the gods.
Hesiod, from Works and DaysHesiod a greek writer whose book Work and Days are made in the 8th-century.The book is also shown short stories specifically 2 different types of stories "The Prometheus- Pandora story and The Story of the ages of man", but impacted society. The main point of this book is concerned with the real problems of mankind. Such as Injustice but not only problems of mankind he also talks about war, peace, concerned with real problems of mankind.
Cyrus CylinderThe Cyrus Cylinder is the decree of the return of the jews. A written declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of Persia's Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great. This document is clearly propaganda, praising the Achaemenid ruler Cyrus and treating Nabonidus like an impious and bad king.
Law Code of GortynIn the 19th century, a law established by Gortyn on Crete was discovered, dealing fully with family relations and inheritance. If slightly property outside of the household relations. This contract does not contain any criminal law or procedure. This is also somehow similarly connected with the ten commandments because it is supportive of family and belief in god. (https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/450-gortyn.asp)
Herodotus, ArtemisiaHerodotus had a favorable opinion of Artemisia, despite her support of Persia and praises her decisiveness and intelligence and emphasizes her influence on Xerxes. Herodotus is uncertain but offers the possibility that Artemisia had previously had a disagreement with Damasithymos at the Hellespont.
Thucydides The Melian DialogueMelian Dialogue presents the negotiations between the Athenians and the Melians as the Athenians prepare to invade the Melian's island of Melos. What is Important about Melian Dialogue in modern times comes from its interpretation as a classic clash of realist and liberal ideals.
Period:-384 BCEto-322 BCE
Aristotle, from PoliticsAristotle describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived by virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.