Casey Godbold Health Care History

  • 4000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

    Primitive Ages
    The notion of the primitive always appears at the boundaries of myth, legend, and history
  • 4000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

    Primitive Ages
    Herbal medicine is the earliest scientific tradition in medical practice, and it remains an important part of medicine to this day
  • 4000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

    Primitive Ages
    The snakeroot plant has traditionally been a tonic in the east to calm patients; it is now used in orthodox medical practice to reduce blood pressure.
  • 4000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

    Primitive Ages
    The long centuries of primitive experiment mean that Susruta, a physician working in India in about the 6th century BC, is able to list hundreds of herbal remedies.
  • 4000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

    Primitive Ages
    People in the primitive ages lived around 25 years old
  • Period: 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Primitive Ages

  • 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    Due largely to their embalming process, the ancient Egyptians gained great knowledge of anatomy because of the practice of removing human organs
  • 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    Ancient Egyptian doctors were specialized in dentistry, pharmacology, gynecology, autopsy, embalming and general healing.
  • 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    All future development of medicine has some glimpses of Egyptian medicine
  • 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records. Lifespan was 20 to 30 years.
  • 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    Called upon the gods to heal them when disease occured
  • Period: 3000 BCE to 300 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

  • 1700 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Religious prohibitions against dissection resulted in inadequate knowledge of body structure
  • 1700 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Carefully monitored the pulse to determine the condition of the body. Average lifespan was 20 to 30 years.
  • 1700 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Recorded a pharmacopoeia of medications based mainly on the use of herbs
  • 1700 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Believed in the need to treat the whole body by curing the spirit and nourishing the body
  • 1700 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Began the search for medical reasons for illness
  • Period: 1700 BCE to 220

    Ancient Chinese

  • 1200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Began modern medical science by observing the human body and effects of disease
  • 1200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Believed illness is a result of natural causes
  • 1200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Used therapies such as massage, art therapy, and herbal treatment that are still used today
  • 1200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Stressed diet and cleanliness as ways to prevent disease
  • 1200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Average life span was 25 to 35 years
  • Period: 1200 BCE to 200 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    First to organize medical care by providing care for injured soldiers
  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    Early hospitals developed when physicians cared for ill people in rooms in their homes
  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    Later hospitals were religious and charitable institutions housed in monasteries and convents
  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    Diet, exercise, and medications were used to treat disease
  • 753 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    Average life span was 25 to 35 years
  • Period: 753 BCE to 410

    Ancient Romans

  • 400

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and the study of medicine was prohibited
  • 400

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Prayer and divine intervention were used to treat illness and disease
  • 400

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Monks and priests provided custodial care for sick people
  • 400

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Medications were mainly herbal mixtures
  • 400

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    Average life span was 20 to 30 years
  • Period: 400 to 800

    Dark Ages

  • 800

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    Renewed interest in the medical practice of Greeks and Romans
  • 800

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    Physicians began to obtain knowledge at medical universities in the 9th century
  • 800

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    Major diseases were smallpox, diphtheria, tuberculosis, typhoid, the plague, and malaria
  • 800

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    Arab physicians used their knowledge of chemistry to advance pharmacology
  • 800

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    average life span was 20 to 35 years
  • Period: 800 to 1400

    Middle Ages

  • 1350

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    Rebirth of science of medicine
  • 1350

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    Dissection of the body began to allow a better understanding of anatomy and physiology
  • 1350

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    Development of the printing press allowed knowledge to be spread to others
  • 1350

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    First book on dietetics written by Issac Judaeus
  • 1350

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    Average lifespan was 30 to 40 years
  • Period: 1350 to

    Renaissance

  • 16th and 17th Centuries

    16th and 17th Centuries
    Causes of disease were still not known and many people died from infections and puerperal fever
  • 16th and 17th Century

    16th and 17th Century
    First successful blood transfusion on animals performed in England in 1667
  • 16th and 17th Century

    16th and 17th Century
    Bartolomeo Eustachio identified the eustachian tube leading from the ear to the throat
  • 16th and 17th Century

    16th and 17th Century
    Apothecaries made, prescribed, and sold medications
  • 16th and 17th Century

    16th and 17th Century
    Average life span was 35 to 45 years
  • Period: to

    16th and 17th Century

  • 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries
    Average life span of 18th century was 40 to 50 years
  • Period: to

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

  • 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries
    Average life span of 19th century was 40 to 60 years
  • 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries
    The first kidney dialysis machine was developed in 1944
  • 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries
    Adult stem cells were used in treatment of disease early in the 2000s
  • 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries

    18th, 19th, 20th, 21st Centuries
    First face transplant was performed in France in 2005 on a women whose lower face was destroyed by a dog attack