Punic wars


  • 814 BCE

    Phoenician colony

    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
  • Period: 580 BCE to 376 BCE

    Carthage and Greece fight

    Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
  • 540 BCE

    Battle of the Sardinian Sea

    Carthaginian and Cerveteri force wins the Battle of the Sardinian Sea against the Phocaeans.
  • 539 BCE

    Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance

    Etruscan and Carthaginian alliance expels Greeks from Corsica.
  • 535 BCE

    Battle of Alalia.

    Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy defeats Greek ships off the island of Corsica.
  • Period: 510 BCE to 509 BCE


    First treaty between Rome and Carthage.
  • 500 BCE

    Gades captured and Carthage expands

    Gades captured by Carthage.
    Carthage expands into southern Spain.
  • 480 BCE

    Battle of Himera

    Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon Agrigento defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
  • 406 BCE

    Agrigento attacked and destroyed

    Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
  • 396 BCE


    The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
  • Period: 341 BCE to 338 BCE

    Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian

    341 BCE Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
    338 BCE - Timoleon agrees to peace treaty with Carthage over control of Sicily.
  • Period: 311 BCE to 306 BCE

    Carthaginian and Agathocles army

    311 BCE Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse Gela, Sicily
    310 BCE Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army, 14,000 in North Africa
    309 BCE - 308 BCE Agathocles of Syracuse campaigns in North Africa defeats Carthaginian armies takes Utica and Hippacra
    309 BCE Syracuse defeats Carthaginian army kills general Hamilcar.
    307 BCE Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles while Agathocles is in Sicily
    306 BCE Carthage and Agathocles sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them
  • Period: 264 BCE to 241 BCE

    First Punic War

    First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
  • Period: 260 BCE to 256 BCE

    Rome navel battel wins

    260 BCE- First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae
    258 BCE - Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis
    256 BCE- Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus
    256 BCE Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea
  • 255 BCE

    Carthage sues for peace

    Carthage sues for peace. Roman consul Regulus' excessive demands are rejected.
  • Period: 255 BCE to 253 BCE

    Roman fleets are wrecked

    Roman fleets are wrecked by storms off Pachynus and Palinurus
  • Period: 255 BCE to 249 BCE

    Carthage wins

    255 BCE Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis
    249 BCE Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum
  • Period: 247 BCE to 183 BCE

    Life of Hannibal

    Life of Hannibal.
  • 241 BCE

    First Punic War ends

    Roman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
  • Period: 241 BCE to 238 BCE

    rebellion of mercenaries

    Rebellion of the mercenaries.
    Unpaid mercenaries rebel against Carthage. Despite a peace treaty, Rome seizes the opportunity to take Sardinia and Corsica from Carthage
  • Period: 221 BCE to 216 BCE

    Hannibal comands armies

    221 BCE Hannibal commands Carthage's armies in Spain
    219 BCE Hannibal crosses Ebro river takes city of Saguntum, Rome's ally
    Dec 218 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Trebia
    Apr - May 218 BCE Hannibal leaves Spain goes into Italy
    Nov 218 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Ticinus
    Jun 217 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Lake Trasimene
    Aug 216 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Cannae worst defeat in Roman history
    216 BCE Hannibal threatens the city of Rome, cannot advance lack of supplies and reinforcements
  • 218 BCE

    Second Punic War begins

    Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal attacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
  • 215 BCE

    Syracuse joins

    Syracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
  • Period: 212 BCE to 206 BCE


    212 BCE Romans conquer Saguntum
    212 BCE Carthaginian army defeated in Sicily by Roman army Syracuse falls to Rome
    211 BCE Carthaginian army defeats two Roman consuls and their armies Tader valley Spain
    209 BCE Scipio Africanus captures Carthaginian base and treasury
    208 BCE Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal
    206 BCE Massinissa of Numidia betrays Carthage, joins forces with the Roman Republic
    206 BCE Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain
  • Period: 206 BCE to 205 BCE

    Romans conquer Gades

    Romans conquer Gades.
    End of Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Period: 204 BCE to 203 BCE

    Scipio Africanus

    204 BCE Scipio Africanus sails to North Africa
    204 BCE - 203 BCE Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
    203 BCE Scipio Africanus defeats Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
  • Period: 203 BCE to 202 BCE

    Hannibal's defeat leading to the end of Second Punic War

    203 BCE Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
    203 BCE Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
    202 BCE Hannibal flees to Hadrumentum after losing the battle of Zama.
    19 Oct 202 BCE Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War
  • 195 BCE

    Hannibal flees

    Threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory.
    He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome
  • 183 BCE

    Hannibal commits suicide

    Bithynia, T. Quinctius Flamininus demands that Hannibal should be surrendered in Roman hands.
    king Prusias gives in, Hannibal commits suicide in the village of Libyssa, in order to escape captivity.
    The Roman Senate did not approve of Flamininus' action.
  • 150 BCE

    Third Punic War

    Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
  • Period: 149 BCE to 146 BCE

    Third Punic War.

    Third Punic War.
  • 146 BCE

    End of the Third Punic War

    Carthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.