Phoenician colonyTraditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
Period: 580 BCE to 376 BCE
Carthage and Greece fightCarthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
Battle of the Sardinian SeaCarthaginian and Cerveteri force wins the Battle of the Sardinian Sea against the Phocaeans.
Etruscan & Carthaginian allianceEtruscan and Carthaginian alliance expels Greeks from Corsica.
Battle of Alalia.Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy defeats Greek ships off the island of Corsica.
Period: 510 BCE to 509 BCE
TreatyFirst treaty between Rome and Carthage.
Gades captured and Carthage expandsGades captured by Carthage.
Carthage expands into southern Spain.
Battle of HimeraTyrant of Syracuse Gelon Agrigento defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
Agrigento attacked and destroyedAgrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
LilybaeumThe Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
Period: 341 BCE to 338 BCE
Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian341 BCE Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
338 BCE - Timoleon agrees to peace treaty with Carthage over control of Sicily.
Period: 311 BCE to 306 BCE
Carthaginian and Agathocles army311 BCE Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse Gela, Sicily
310 BCE Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army, 14,000 in North Africa
309 BCE - 308 BCE Agathocles of Syracuse campaigns in North Africa defeats Carthaginian armies takes Utica and Hippacra
309 BCE Syracuse defeats Carthaginian army kills general Hamilcar.
307 BCE Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles while Agathocles is in Sicily
306 BCE Carthage and Agathocles sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them
Period: 264 BCE to 241 BCE
First Punic WarFirst Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
Period: 260 BCE to 256 BCE
Rome navel battel wins260 BCE- First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae
258 BCE - Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis
256 BCE- Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus
256 BCE Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea
Carthage sues for peaceCarthage sues for peace. Roman consul Regulus' excessive demands are rejected.
Period: 255 BCE to 253 BCE
Roman fleets are wreckedRoman fleets are wrecked by storms off Pachynus and Palinurus
Period: 255 BCE to 249 BCE
Carthage wins255 BCE Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis
249 BCE Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum
Period: 247 BCE to 183 BCE
Life of HannibalLife of Hannibal.
First Punic War endsRoman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
Period: 241 BCE to 238 BCE
rebellion of mercenariesRebellion of the mercenaries.
Unpaid mercenaries rebel against Carthage. Despite a peace treaty, Rome seizes the opportunity to take Sardinia and Corsica from Carthage
Period: 221 BCE to 216 BCE
Hannibal comands armies221 BCE Hannibal commands Carthage's armies in Spain
219 BCE Hannibal crosses Ebro river takes city of Saguntum, Rome's ally
Dec 218 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Trebia
Apr - May 218 BCE Hannibal leaves Spain goes into Italy
Nov 218 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Ticinus
Jun 217 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Lake Trasimene
Aug 216 BCE Hannibal wins battle of Cannae worst defeat in Roman history
216 BCE Hannibal threatens the city of Rome, cannot advance lack of supplies and reinforcements
Second Punic War beginsRome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal attacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
Syracuse joinsSyracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
Period: 212 BCE to 206 BCE
Battels212 BCE Romans conquer Saguntum
212 BCE Carthaginian army defeated in Sicily by Roman army Syracuse falls to Rome
211 BCE Carthaginian army defeats two Roman consuls and their armies Tader valley Spain
209 BCE Scipio Africanus captures Carthaginian base and treasury
208 BCE Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal
206 BCE Massinissa of Numidia betrays Carthage, joins forces with the Roman Republic
206 BCE Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain
Period: 206 BCE to 205 BCE
Romans conquer GadesRomans conquer Gades.
End of Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
Period: 204 BCE to 203 BCE
Scipio Africanus204 BCE Scipio Africanus sails to North Africa
204 BCE - 203 BCE Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
203 BCE Scipio Africanus defeats Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
Period: 203 BCE to 202 BCE
Hannibal's defeat leading to the end of Second Punic War203 BCE Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
203 BCE Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
202 BCE Hannibal flees to Hadrumentum after losing the battle of Zama.
19 Oct 202 BCE Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War
Hannibal fleesThreat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory.
He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome
Hannibal commits suicideBithynia, T. Quinctius Flamininus demands that Hannibal should be surrendered in Roman hands.
king Prusias gives in, Hannibal commits suicide in the village of Libyssa, in order to escape captivity.
The Roman Senate did not approve of Flamininus' action.
Third Punic WarCarthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
Period: 149 BCE to 146 BCE
Third Punic War.Third Punic War.
End of the Third Punic WarCarthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.