Illnesses were considered punishments from the Gods
Primitive Time - Treatment for Illness
Illnesses were treated by witch doctors in tribal ceremonies
Primitive Time - Lifespan
The average lifespan was 20 years old
Primitive Time - Medicine
Herbs and plants such as morphine and digitalis were used as medicine.
Primitive Time - Trepanation
Trepanation was used to treat insanity. This treatment removed a piece of ones skull.
Ancient Egypt - Physicians
Priest were also physicians.
Ancient Egypt - Medical Treatment
Blood letting and leeches were used as medical treatment. They used tools and leeches to take away blood from the body to improve medical conditions such as migraines and fevers.
Ancient Egypt - Lifespan
The average life span was 20 years old. This was because of harsh conditions and low medical advancement.
Ancient Egypt - Sickness
Sickness was also believed to be an evil spirit and could be healed by the Gods.
Ancient Egypt - Medicine
Herbs were used as medicine.
Ancient China - Medical Treatment
The ancient Chinese believed that nourishing the body and curing the spirit would heal and treat the body.
Ancient China - Acupuncture
The ancient Chinese used acupuncture as a medicine/ treatment for sickness. They would insert small, thin needles into pressure points and this was believed to make the energy flow healthier.
Ancient China - Medicine
The Ancient Chinese recorded medicine into a book. Their medicine consisted of herbs.
Ancient China - Research
The Ancient Chinese searched for reasons why people get sick. They searched to see what the medical reasons for sickness are, not the superstitious reason.
Ancient China - Lifespan
The average lifespan for the Ancient Chinese was 20-30 years of age.
Ancient Greece - Modern Medicine
The Ancient Greek were the first to observe the human body and this led to modern medicine and modern medical sciences.
Ancient Greece - Illness
The Ancient Greece believed illness came from natural causes.
Ancient Greece - Treatments
The Ancient Greece used massage and art therapy, as well as, herbal treatment to treat any illness.
Ancient Greece - Lifespan
The average lifespan was 25 - 35 years old.
Ancient Greece - Diseases
The main diseases in Ancient Greece include cholesterol, diabetes, gonorrhea, cholera, leprosy, anemia, allergies, migraines, achene, and plagues.
Ancient Rome - Hospitals
The Ancient Romans established the first hospitals. They established them in order to take care of soldiers.
Ancient Rome - Sanitation
The Ancient Romans had the first public sanitation and health system. The system included sewers and aqueducts.
Ancient Rome - Lifespan
The average lifespan for an ancient roman was 25 - 35 years of age
Ancient Rome - Disease
Malaria , tuberculosis, typhoid fever, and gastroenteritis were diseases that Ancient Romans caught.
Ancient Rome - Medicine
In Ancient Rome they used herbs to treat illness.
Dark Ages - Health
During the dark ages medicine and medical studies were prohibited. The Dark Ages focused on healing the sole over the body.
Dark Ages - Treatment
Rather than being treated by a doctor during this time period, patients were treated by priest through prayer.
Dark Ages - Lifespan
The average life span was 20 years of age.
Dark Ages - The Plague
During the Dark Ages the Black Death was very common and not curable. The disease was spread by fleas that lived on rats.
Dark Ages - Disease
There were many diseases during the dark ages, they include skin diseases, scurvy, dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera, measles, and small pox. These listed are just some of many diseases caught due to low amounts of sanitation and medical care.
Middle Ages - Black Death
The Black Death caused one third of the population in England and was caused by little sanitation and no running water.
Middle Age - Bubonic Plague
The plague killed 75% of Europe and Asia's population. This plague was also known as the Black Death that also killed many in England.
Middle Ages - Lifespan
The life span during the middle Ages was 20 - 35 years of age.
Middle Ages - Spread of Disease
The spread of disease was caused by unsanitary conditions. Waste and garbage was in the streets and rivers.
Middle Ages - Doctors
The doctors knew nothing about the diseases during the time so they could not treat them. The doctors we sort of helpless and could only offer herbs and other medicine mixes.
Renaissance - Knowledge
During the Renaissance a lot of medical discoveries and advancements were made. This knowledge could be shared through the printing press so it became common knowledge.
Renaissance - Lifespan
The life span was 30-40 years of age during the Renaissance.
Renaissance - Mask
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance doctors wore masks to protect themselves from the Bubonic Plague. The mass\k looked like a birds face as you can see in the image.
Renaissance - Lifespan
the average lifespan was 30-40 years during the Renaissance.
Renaissance - Anatomy
During the Renaissance many things were discovered about the human body. They learned through dissection of the human body. Scientist dissected the body, made drawings of the body, and discovered organs.
Renaissance - Medicine
During the Renaissance herbs were used similarly to how Islamic cultures used herbs for medicine.
16th - 17th Centuries - Disease
Many diseases were spread but the causes are still unknown. Their were also many infections.
16th - 17th Centuries - Microscope
The invention of the microscope led to many medical advancements because you could see bacteria and other microscopic organisms.
16th - 17th Centuries - Apothecary
Apothecaries turned into pharmacies during these centuries.
16th - 17th Centuries - Lifespan
The average lifespan was 35 - 45 years of age.
16th - 17th Centuries - Vaccination
Vaccinations were discovered during this time.
Tube feeding was introduced as well as the invention of bifocals. The average person lived 40 - 50 years.
During the 19th century nurses began to get formal training. Microorganisms were found to be the cause of disease. Viruses were discovered in the 19th century. Later women began to work actively in the medical field. The lifespan was 40 - 60 years old.
During the 20th century they learned a lot about blood for example white blood cells fight off disease. The also created or discovered new medication and machinery. The lifespan is around 50 years of age.
Many modern medicines and practices were advanced. For example anesthesia is now used and successful heart transplants are possible. The lifespan is around 73 years of age.
21st Century Goals/ Future
The goals for the 21st century include a cure for cancer, heart disease, and aids, as well as, the lifespan of a person to be from 90 - 100 years of age.