The Spread of Islam

  • Period: Jan 1, 632 to Dec 31, 632

    Death of Mohammed

    After the death of Mohammed, his father-in-law, Abu Bakr became the caliph of the Islamid empire
  • Period: Jan 1, 632 to Dec 31, 661

    The Rightly Guided Caliphs

    The first four Caliphs were known as the Rightly Guided Caliphs. Three of the four were murdered
  • Dec 31, 642

    Armies captured Cairo and took control of Egypt

  • Period: Sep 4, 661 to Sep 4, 750

    The Caliphate of the Umayyads

    The Umayyads made Islam even bigger. Islamic culture was found in all the places they conquered. Under Caliph Mu'awiya, Damascus became the capital in 661.
    From 690, Arabic was the official language of the government.The first great mosque, The Dome of Rocks, was built in the 690s
  • Dec 31, 670

    Arabs had occupied Tunisia

  • Dec 31, 676

    Armies reached Samarkland

  • Dec 31, 707

    Armies reached the borders of India

  • Period: Jan 1, 750 to Dec 31, 1055

    The Caliphate of the Abbasids

    After a civil war, the Abbasids came to power. Abu'l Abbas became the first Abbasid Caliph.Arabic language became the offical language across the Islamic empire. Iraq was made capital. In 763, Bagdad was founded as the new capital. Science of Astronomy was brought to Bagdad in 771. Stories such as the Arabian Nights began to be told in about 786
  • Dec 31, 751

    Arab armies defeat the Chinese in the Battle of Talas and secure Central Asia

  • Period: Jan 1, 1055 to Dec 31, 1258

    The Caliphate of the Seldjuks

    Waves of invasions from Turkish tribes changed the Islamic Empire. in 1091, the Seldjuks made Bagdad their capital city. In 1096, Pope Urban began the first Crusade. By 1118, the Seldjuk empire had been broken into small states.
  • Cyprus was captured

  • Arab armies had reached the Atlantic Ocean