The Reformation

  • Feb 5, 1387

    The Great Schism

    WebsiteThe Great Schism, or Papal Schism, was a split within the Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. The Great Schism was due to political disagreements rather than theological issues. There were three popes claiming to be the head pope and this caused a great dispute throughout the empire. The Rome vs Avignon dispute finally ended in 1414 when the Council of Constance was held to end the Three-Pope Controversy and end the Great Schism.
  • Period: Feb 5, 1387 to

    The Reformation

  • Period: Feb 5, 1414 to Feb 5, 1418

    The Council of Constance

  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Luther & the 95 Theses

    WebsiteMartin Luther was a professor of Theology. He did not agree with the church on the sale of indlugences and so he decided to step up and created a document called the 95 theses. It is said that Luther posted this theses on the door of the Holy Roman Catholic Church, but wasn't taken seriously. This negligence of the Holy Roman Church led to what is known as the Protestant Reformation. 95 Theses Video
  • Feb 5, 1524

    The Peasant's War

    WebsiteThe Peasant's War began as a petition made to the Holy Roman Empire on behalf of some German peasants in 1524. The petition was called the Twelve Articles, which sought relief from some of the oppression peasants were facing. Most of the peasant's demands were political or economic, rather than religious. Martin Luther inspired these peasants with hus 95 Theses. Luther, however, condemmed the violence of peasants uprising, leading to their defeat by the Swabian League.
  • Feb 5, 1526

    The Diet of Speyer

    WebsiteThere were two diets under the name Diet of Speyer and both were related. The Diet of Speyer which was held under Archduke Ferdinand I of Austria, in the name of his older brother, the Emperor, was the first one. This diet allowed princes to profess their faith and embrace Lutheran teachings. The second Diet of Speyer occured in 1529 and it overturned the ruling of the first. Lutheran princes issued a protest against its decrees; thereby becoming known as Protestants.
  • Nov 3, 1534

    The Act of Supremacy

    WebsiteThe name "Act of Supremacy" is given to two seperate acts of the English Parliament; one occured in 1534 and one in 1539. Both acts had the same purpose - to firmly establish the English monarch as the official head of the Catholic Church. King Henry VIII passed this act for his own selfish reasons; he had wishes to have his marriage annulled but the Pope of the church had disregarded his wishes.
  • Jun 5, 1539

    The Act of Six Articles

    WebsiteThe Act of Six Articles was passed by the Parliament in June of 1539. Many protestants referred to it as "the bloody whip with six strings". The Act arose from Henry VIII's personal conservatism in matters of doctrine, due to his need for better relations with the Catholic powers of France and Spain and for his desire to end the growth of heresy in England. The Act of Six Articles reenforced heresy laws and reasserted traditional Catholic doctrine as the basis of faith.
  • Dec 13, 1545

    Council of Trent

    WebsiteWebsiteThe Council of Trent clarified nearly all doctrines contested by the Protestants. Eventually the church mobilized its self to deal with splintering of its authority and held this council. The purpose of this council was to try to define a common ground of belief and practice for all Chrisitans and try to heal the gap between them.
  • Apr 24, 1547

    The Schmalkaldic War

    The Schmalkaldic League was a defensive alliance of Lutheran Princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid-16th century. The members of the alliance had originally intended that the alliance be for religious motives, they soon began to consider replacing the Holy Roman Church due to significant economic advantages. This lead to the Schmalkaldic War, which was between Charles and the members of the League. In the end, Charles was victorious.
  • Sep 25, 1555

    The Peace of Augsburg

    The Peace of augsburg was signed in 1555 and it divided Europe into the Roman Catholic Church and the new Protestant Church. Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, did not want to allow Protestantism but he also did not want to strech out the religious divisions in the empires. Most German Princes had converted to Lutheranism and convinced the emperor to let each prince choose their own faith.
  • Period: Feb 5, 1562 to

    The War of Religions

  • The Edict of Nantes

    WebsiteThis Edict was due to the War of Religions between Catholics and Protestants. It granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (aka Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation considered Catholic. The Edict seperated civil from religious unity. This Edict was passed by Henry IV partly because he used to favor Protestantism but had to convert to Catholicism to be appointed king.
    Edict of Nantes
  • The Thirty Years War

    WebsiteThe Thirty Years War lasted from 1618-1648 and it was due to a revolt that began in Bohemia in the Holy Roman empire. The original causes of the Thirty Years War are hard to pinpoint but the bottom line is that this was yet another dispute between the Protestants and Catholics. A measure of religious was finally brought in 1648, when the Peace of Westphalia, a series of treaties, ended the Thirty Year's War.
    Thrity Years War
  • Period: to

    The Thirty Year's War