Religion Timeline

  • Period: 800 BCE to 500

    Classical Antiquity

  • 44 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar
    44 bc Began the transformation of the Roman Republic in to an Empire.
  • Period: 8 to 67

    St. Paul, Apostle

    St.Paul was a Jewish convert. The Lord talked to Saul on the road to Damascus and changed his name to Paul. He is also known as Saul from Tarsus. Paul also wrote many letters for example Letter to Ephesians AD 60-62. Before he converted he would persecute early Christians and he became a zealous preacher.
  • 14

    Augustus Caesar (Octavian)

    Augustus Caesar (Octavian)
    c. 14 He inaugurated the Pax Romana.
  • Period: 20 to 100

    The Apostles

    The Apostles are very important part in the Church history. One of the main reasons why the Apostles are very important is because the church is built upon the foundation of the Apostles. The Apostles were chosen by Jesus to be his witnesses. And to associate with him and his ministry.
  • Period: 20 to 100

    Places The Apostles Went To

    Peter was sent to Jerusalem and Rome. Paul was sent to Ephesus, Galatia, Corinth, Philippi, Antioch, Syria, Cesarea, Cyprus, and Malta. Andrew was sent to Turkey, Greece, and Russia. Thomas was sent to India and Persia. Matthew was sent to Ethiopia. Philip was sent to Cathage and Turkey. Bartholomew was sent to Turkey, India, and Armenia. John was sent to Patmos and Ephesus.
  • 30


    Pentecost is the birthday of the Church. and Jesus promised his disciples that his Spirit would come upon them and guide them.
  • Period: 30 to

    The Church

    The Church is the people of the New Covenant. These are the people who believe that Jesus is Christ, the Son of God who rose from the dead. And they have received the Holy Spirit.
  • 49

    Council of Jerusalem

    Council of Jerusalem
    Gentiles did not need to be circumcised. Jews and Christians worshiped together. We read the Old Testament through the perspective of the New Testament.
  • Period: 66 to 73

    Jewish-Roman War

    Jerusalem was sacked and destroyed by invading army. The Temple and its sacrifices ended.
  • 70

    The Fall of Jerusalem

    The Fall of Jerusalem
    In the Fall of Jerusalem the Temple of the Jews was destroyed by the Babylonians under the rule of Nebuzaradan. The Temple was completely destroyed not one stone was on top of another. The Jews were exiled and moved to ghettos. Jerusalem is considered the Holy City by christians, Jews, and Muslims.
  • Period: 70 to 100

    Close of the Apostolic Age

    The Close of the Apostolic Age is about the Church after the death of they apostles.
  • Period: 100 to 199

    Apologists 2nd Century

  • 165

    Justin Martyr

    Justin Martyr
    c.100-165 He was the first apologist and he defended the church. 1st Apology (atheism)
  • 180

    Tatian of the Assyrian

    Tatian of the Assyrian
    c.120-180 As an Apologist he talks about political related subjects; Address to the Greeks, Ch XI (political)
  • 185

    Theophilus of Antioch

    Theophilus of Antioch
    c. 185 Theophilus talks about philosophy; Letter Ch.5 (philosophy)
  • 199

    Aristides of Athens

    Aristides of Athens
    c. 2nd century As an apologist he talks about false gods.
  • Period: 200 to 300

    Canon of the NT

    There were lots of writings about Jesus Christ and his works. They were read in the communities that the Apostles founded. The Church had to determine which conveyed the true writings and the false writings of Jesus. It took two centuries to approve a definitive list.
  • Period: 235 to 284

    Crisis of the Third Century

    c.235-284 The rulers were killed and famine, plagues, and persecution.
  • Period: 250 to 311

    Dying for your Faith

    Christians would be prosecuted for because of their faith. They would be forced to worship the king or idols. They would have to do one of these acts: sacrificati, thurificati, libellatici, acta facientes, traditores. The Christians would also hide in catacombs.
  • Period: 300 to Dec 25, 600

    Late Antiquity

  • Period: 306 to 337


    c. 306-337 He united the empire and founded New Rome (Constantinople)
  • Period: 306 to 337

    Constantine the Great

    Constantine made the Christian religion legal in Rome. Before he made Christianity legal they were persecuted. Constantine's mother was a Christian. That is why he made it legal. His mother Empress Helena was very interested in the religion. She found places were Jesus has been.
  • Period: 354 to 430

    St. Augustine of Hippo

    St. Augustine is very famous for his writings. He became Christian with the help of his mother and St Ambrose. St. Agustine also became Bishop of Hippo. Some of his writings are On Free Will, 388; On True Religion, 389; Confessions, 398.
  • Period: 379 to 395


    c. 379-395 He was the last ruler of a combined Empire.
  • 381

    Council of Constantinople

    Council of Constantinople
    The Council of Constantinople was the second ecumenical Council of the Church. It was summoned by Theodosius to confirm the teachings of Nicaea.
  • Period: 388 to 426

    Writings of St. Augustines

    On Free Will,388
    On True Religion,389
    On The Usefulness of Believing,391
    On the True Nature of the Good,399
    On the Good of Marriage,401
    On Holy Virginity,401
    City of God,412-427
    On Grace and Free Choice,426
  • Period: 401 to 455

    Successive Invasions

    c.401-455 The Visigoths, The Vandals, and The Huns were germanic tribes invading Rome. They were one of the reasons why the Roman Empire was falling apart.
  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    Council of Ephesus
    The Council of Ephesus took place in Asia Minor- Turkey. Ephesus is were St. John died. In the Council of Ephesus they discussed about Jesus' two natures, his human and divine natures. They also conformed the use of Theotokus which means God-bearer.
  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

    Council of Chalcedon
    In the Council of Chalcedon they talked about Jesus' two natures. His human nature and his divine nature. Jesus was both because he did human things like sleep, eat, and had emotions. But he also had divinity on Him like when He performed miracles and changed the weather.
  • Period: 476 to 476

    Fall Of the Roman Empire

    476 The Roman Empire one of the biggest empires on the world collapsed. A century of political rivalries, usurpations, invasions, and military defeat lead to the Roman Empire to collapse.
  • Period: 476 to Dec 25, 1300

    The Dark Ages

    c. 476-1300 It is known as the Dark Times. It took place after the Fall of the Roman Empire. The Dark Ages was time of intellectual darkness, economic, and artistic deterioration.
  • 483

    Papal Election

    Papal Election
    c.483 It is the first election to take place without the influence of a Roman Emperor.
  • Period: 540 to Dec 25, 604

    Gregory the Great

    c.540-640 Gregory the Great is the first monk to become the Bishop of Rome. He asserted the authority of the Bishop of Rome over the entire Western Church. He also sent many missionaries to England. Defended Rome from an attack by the Lombards.
  • Period: Dec 24, 700 to Dec 25, 800


    Iconoclasm was a serious problem. People would start to worship icons. Instead of worshipping Jesus they would worship pictures of Him and other saints. It was a 120 year battle fighting the people who saw the images as idols. But there were also people who only venerated the images.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1100 to Dec 25, 1199

    Renaissance- 12 century

  • Dec 24, 1300

    The Mendicant Orders

    The Mendicant Orders
    The Dominicans and the Franciscans are part of the Mendicant Orders. They were witnesses and teachers. The Mendicant Orders grew along with the growth of philosophy and theological speculation.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1301 to Dec 25, 1500

    Late Middle Ages

  • Period: Dec 24, 1400 to

    Renaissance (Early Modern Era)

  • Age of Enlightenment

    Age of Enlightenment