Pope Gregory the Great Was Elected!Pope Greggory the Great in the Conclae of 590
Period: Feb 7, 600 to Feb 7, 900
The West Struggles 600s: How was the West doing?
Not so hot.
How was the East doing?
Unbroken line of rulers from Constantine: check.
Beautiful palace for the Emperor: check.
Jan 6, 700
After two defeats in the 700s, the spread of Islam slowed downAfter two defeats in the 700s, the spread of Islam slowed down
Jan 30, 717
Willboard attempts to Preach the Gospel in Viking Territory In 717, a monk names Willibroad became the first to attempt to preach the Gospel in Viking territory
Jan 30, 768
Charlemagne became King of the Franksbecame king of the Franks
Jan 6, 800
Charlemagne Crowned Roman Emperorer800: earned the favor of Pope Leo III and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor
Period: Jan 1, 801 to Jan 1, 1001
Chaos in the WestFrom the 9th-11th centuries, the papacy was a prize of Roman families rather than a holy office
Several popes were assassinated, poisoned, or deposed
Nasty stories of Pope John VIII and Pope Stephen VII
Feb 6, 814
Charlemagne’s Rule EndsBy the end of Charlemagne’s rule in 814, Europe was Christian.
Period: Feb 7, 900 to Feb 7, 901
A Storm BrewsTest and East showed there was a storm brewing…
Iconoclasts: believed that it was wrong to venerate pictures and icons
Photius: ruler who created more tension with the papacy by having the current pope excommunicated.
Russia: King Vladimir sent out scouts to see which form of Christianity would go best with the Russians…the West was WAY too lavish for them!
Jan 1, 936
Otto I became Holy Roman Emperor and began reformOtto I became Holy Roman Emperor and began reform
Period: Feb 6, 1000 to Feb 6, 1212
The Reconquista: the reconquest of Spain from the MuslimsThe Reconquista: the reconquest of Spain from the Muslims
The Church baptized and persuaded Jews and Muslims to become Christians (by whatever means necessary)
Feb 6, 1040
Western Church at All Time LowIn the 1040s, the Western Church was at its low:
Papacy was corrupt: no strong leader to make sure everyone behaved!
Lay rulers took control over most of Church
Jul 27, 1054
THE GREAT SCHISMJuly 1054: Cardinal Humbert SLAMMED the bull of excommunication on the high altar of Hagia Sofia, the beautiful Eastern Church
Feb 6, 1095
Pope Urban II declared a Holy WarByzantine Emperor requested help fighting Turks who were attacking Christian pilgrims
The battle cry was “Deus Vult” meaning “God wills it
Feb 6, 1099
French and Italian Crusaders captured Jerusalem1099: French and Italian Crusaders captured Jerusalemthis was the beginning of a long bloody battle between Christians and non-Christians
Period: Feb 7, 1101 to Feb 7, 1200
revival of economy, politics, religion, and culture for the Westand culture for the West
Bernard of Clairvaux inspired reform within the Church : Gothic Architecture originated in Northern France Pope Innocent III brought power back to the papacy
Power went to the popes’ heads and they soon alienated the people because of their worldliness and greed
Feb 5, 1122
The Concordat of WormsEnded the power struggle: Bishops were to be elected by clergy in the presence of the Emperor
Emperor did not invest them with their place, but the new bishop would pay homage to him
Benedictine monasticism took over the West
New orders formed:
Carthusians: ultra-strict order of monks. Do you think they were popular?
Cistercians: order that included Bernard of Clairvaux, who made it popular!
Mar 7, 1140
Faith, Art, and Learning1140: the church of Saint Denis was rebuilt by an unknown artist
Used flying buttresses, ribbed vaulting, pointed arches
Fewer pillars and more windows than previous Romanesque style
Cathedrals were built in this style
Most important building in each city
Workers who built them are unknown; they built for God’s glory and not their own
Feb 6, 1209
Saint Francis founded the Franciscans, or the Order of Friars Minor
Jan 1, 1215
Saint Dominic founded the Dominicans, or the Order of Preachers
Period: Feb 6, 1225 to Feb 6, 1274
Thomas Aquinas LifeLived 1225-1274
“No one can live without delight, and that is why a man deprived of spiritual joy goes over to fleshly pleasures.”
Wrote the Summa Theologica
Coined the term “transubstantiation”
Developed 5 Proofs that God exists: PUNPI!!!
Did not finish the Summa after a mystical experience. He said “All I have written is as straw beside the things that have been revealed to me.”
Aug 6, 1294
August 1294: Celestine V elected pope
Feb 1, 1295
1295: Boniface VIII elected pope1295: Boniface VIII elected pope
Writes Unam Sanctam calling all to submit to papal authority
French and English nation states unhappy
Feb 6, 1295
Boniface VIII dies
Period: Feb 6, 1305 to Feb 6, 1378
1305-13787 French Popes reigned from Avignon
Feb 7, 1305
: Clement V ELECTED POPE: Clement V, friend of the French king, elected Pope
Didn’t want to go to Rome, stayed in Avignon, France
Period: Feb 6, 1347 to Feb 6, 1350
Black Death hit from 1347-1350
Feb 7, 1371
1371: Gregory XI elected pope1371: Gregory XI elected pope
Feb 3, 1378
1378: Urban VI elected pope1378: Urban VI elected pope (last non-cardinal to be elected)
Tortured six cardinals…not such a good guy…
Apr 7, 1378
1378: Clement VII elected pope1378: Clement VII elected pope because Urban was invalid
Clement lived in Avignon: created dilemma…who should get the loyalty?
Feb 6, 1389
Urban Dies1389: Urban dies before a decision is made, succeeded by Boniface IX
Feb 7, 1394
1394: Clement dies before a decision is made, succeeded by Benedict XIII1394: Clement dies before a decision is made, succeeded by Benedict XIII
Feb 6, 1404
pope Innocent VII elected
Feb 6, 1406
pope Gregory XII electedpope Gregory XII elected
Feb 7, 1409
1409: Alexander V elected pope1409: Alexander V elected pope at Council of Pisa…now three “popes”- two illegitimate, one legitimate
Feb 7, 1410
1410: Alexander V dies suddenly,ohn XXIII elected pope1410: Alexander V dies suddenly, John XXIII elected pope (he was once a pirate)
Feb 6, 1418
1418: Western Schism ends with the election of Martin V. PHEW!!!1418: Western Schism ends with the election of Martin V. PHEW!!!
Feb 7, 1418
1414-1418: Council of Constantine1414-1418: Council of Constantine met to make a decision: all three resigned for the sake of unity in the Church
Sam Richardson gives this Timeline to Ms. BThis was Fun Ms. B :)